5 Types of Government Systems With Great Examples

Types of Government Systems are discussed here with examples and functions.In the science of the general State, the system of government is a system of constitutional law, whether in the form of monarchy or republic.Governance system  can be defined as a whole system that work interdependent with each other and very influential in achieving government goals and functions.

Every country that stands must have its own system. Because a country’s goal is to regulate its people. And if the state does not have a system then it is certain that the country will surely experience the destruction.Systems are created in each country. But the goal is still one that is to regulate the people of that country. Therefore a government system was established to organize a state. The system of government is determined by its own people. In order to achieve the vision of the mission that has been determined by all the people.

Each country has the right to choose its own system of government. The term system of government comes from two words in Indonesian, namely the word “system” and “government”. This means that the party has the right to give orders or decide on a particular policy.

Being A Political Science Student, You Must Know The Types of Government Systems In The World

The Parliamentary System of Government

It is a system of government in which the parliament or legislature has an important role in government.The parliamentary system is a system of government in which parliament plays an important role in government. The most widely used system in government systems worldwide.

The characteristics or characteristics of parliamentary government are as follows:

  1. King, queen or president as head of state has no government power.
  2. The head of government is the prime minister
  3. Parliament is the only institution whose members are directly elected by the people through the general election.
  4. The executive is the cabinet responsible to the legislature or parliament.
  5. If the parliament issues a no-confidence vote to a particular minister or all ministers then the cabinet must submit its mandate to the head of state.
  6. In the two-party system designated to form a cabinet as well as prime minister is the chairman of the winning political party.
  7. In many party systems the cabinet formation forms a coalition  and gets parliamentary confidence.
  8. If there is a dispute between the cabinet and the parliament then the head of state considers the correct cabinet then the parliament is dissolved by the head of state.


If the parliament is dissolved then the responsibility for the implementation of the election lies with the cabinet within 30 days. If the political party that controls the parliament wins the election then the cabinet will continue to govern. But if the winner in the election is the opposition party then the cabinet returns the madat to the head of state and the winning party of the election will form a new cabinet.

  1. Presidential government system, is the overall working relationship between state institutions through the separation of state power, here the president is the key in managing the power of running the state government.The presidential government system not only puts the president at the center of the executive power, but also the state power which automatically makes the president the head of state.

The characteristics or characteristics of the Presidential government system are as follows:

  1. President as head of state as well as head of government.
  2. Cabinet or council of ministers formed by the president.
  3. President is not responsible to parleme
  4. The President can not dissolve parliament
  5. The Minister should not be a member of parliament
  6. The Minister is responsible to the president
  7. The term of office depends on the president’s confidence.
  8. The role of the executive and legislature is balanced with thecheck and balancessystem .

The system of government in the communist state

The legislature in the Soviet Union is run by an institution called the Supreme Soviet URRS (STU) consisting of two assemblies, the Union assemblies and the assemblies of nations. The union reflects the common interests of the entire population of URSS (like the House of Representatives) while the assemblies of nations reflect the nations and tribes in the URSS region (sort of Senate). The highest civic (STU) chooses the highest soviet presidium (a kind of MPR working body) which is a very powerful institution in the Soviet Union.

The Executive Power is administered by the responsible ministerial council and is subject to the URSS Highest power. The real power of government in the Soviet Union was in the hands of communist party leaders.

Referendum Government System

In the Swiss state lawmaking is under the control of the people who have the right to vote. The monitoring was conducted in the form of a referendum. Referendum there are 3 types:

  • The Obligatory Referendum is a referendum which must first get a direct approval from the people before a particular Constitution comes into force.
  • Referendun Fakultatif is a referendunm conducted if within a certain time after the Act is implemented, a certain number of people want menginginka referendum. If the result of the referendum requires the enactment of the Act it will continue to apply, but vice versa.
  • Consultative Referendum is a referendum on technical matters. Usually the people do not understand about the material of the law requested approval.

The Kolegial System
The system has presidents and vice presidents elected  by seven members of the Federal Council for tenure each year. The system is implemented in Switzerland where seven members of the federal council are jointly leading the Swiss State and government.

The following is a list of countries that use presidential and parliamentary government systems. Countries with a system of parliamentary government itself is divided into two parts, namely the republic and monarchy.

State with parliamentary system (republic)

  1. Albania
  2. Timor Leste
  3. Estonia
  4. Ethiopia
  5. Finland
  6. German
  7. Greece
  8. Hungary
  9. India
  10. Iceland
  11. Ireland
  12. Iraq
  13. Italy
  14. Israel
  15. Kyrgyzstan
  16. Kiribati
  17. Lebanon
  18. Latvia
  19. Lithuania
  20. Libya
  21. Malta
  22. Macedonia
  23. Mauritius
  24. Marshall Islands
  25. Moldova
  26. Micronesia
  27. Montenegro
  28. Mongolia
  29. Nepal
  30. Nauru
  31. Poland
  32. Pakistan
  33. San Maruno
  34. Samoa
  35. Singapore
  36. Serbia
  37. Slovenia
  38. Slovakia
  39. Somalia
  40. south Africa
  41. Switzerland
  42. Trinidad Tobago
  43. Turkey
  44. Vanuatu
  45. Bosnia
  46. Herzegovine
  47. Bangladesh
  48. Bulgaria
  49. Botswana
  50. Croasia
  51. Cape Verde
  52. Czech Republic
  53. Dominica

Countries with parliamentary systems (monarchy)

  1. Antigua
  2. Barbuda
  3. Australia
  4. Bahrain
  5. Bahamas
  6. Barbados
  7. Netherlands
  8. Belize
  9. Belgium
  10. Bhutan
  11. Cambodia
  12. Canada
  13. Denmark
  14. Grenada
  15. Great Britain
  16. Japan
  17. Jamaica
  18. Jordan
  19. Lesotho
  20. Luxemburg
  21. Liechtensein
  22. Kuwait
  23. Malaysia
  24. Morocco
  25. Monaco
  26. Selendia Baru
  27. Norway
  28. Papua New Guinea
  29. Saint Kitss
  30. Grenadies
  31. Samoa
  32. Solomon Islands
  33. Sweden
  34. Spanish
  35. Tuvalu
  36. Tonga
  37. Thailand

State with a presidential system

  1. United States of America
  2. Angola
  3. Afghanistan
  4. Angola
  5. Argentina
  6. Bolivia
  7. Benin
  8. Burundi
  9. Brazil
  10. Colombia
  11. Chile
  12. Comoros
  13. Costa Rica
  14. Cyprus
  15. Domonican Republic
  16. El Salvador
  17. Ecuador
  18. Ghana
  19. Gambia
  20. Guatemala
  21. Honduras
  22. Indonesia
  23. Iran
  24. Kenya
  25. Liberia
  26. Malawi
  27. Maldives
  28. Mexico
  29. Nigeria
  30. Nicaragua
  31. Panama
  32. Palau
  33. Paraguay
  34. Philippines
  35. Sierra Leone
  36. Seychelles
  37. Southern Sudan
  38. Turkmenistan
  39. Uruguay
  40. Venezuela
  41. Zimbabwe
  42. Zambia

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