Types of agriculture

Agriculture is generally considered as that set of techniques and knowledge to cultivate and care for the land and all those activities that are related to it. Therefore, agriculture focuses above all on a transformation of nature, developing various options for the care of the land and the cultivation of edible plant species or with some type of human use or benefit. In this way, agriculture is one of the most important activities carried out by man, which in fact defined its characteristics of social organization thousands of years ago. If we remember, it is precisely the development of agriculture and livestock that man was able to settle in certain places, and stop being nomadic, creating a complex and broad social organization for this.

Agriculture is very important because through it an exploitation of the products that the earth gives us for human enjoyment and consumption is carried out. That is why thanks to agronomy, which is the discipline in charge of studying agriculture, it is possible to establish and study various techniques that help humans to rationally exploit the land and its products. Poor exploitation can have disastrous effects on social life, as food production would be severely affected, as well as unproductive soil conditions. Consequently, it is very important to be careful when developing the agricultural techniques that we know. For their part, the various types of agriculture that exist are based above all on what techniques or resources are used to produce plant species.

Types of agriculture, rainfed

Types of agriculture:

Rainfed agriculture: as its name indicates, it is all agriculture that does not need water from the farmer. That is to say, the water supply is not provided by the human being, but is left in the hands of nature, that is to say, the rains or groundwater.

Irrigated agriculture: in contrast to the previous technique, in this case the water is provided by the farmer. In general, the water is obtained from different places such as river or rain streams, whether natural or artificial, wells or any other water medium.

Subsistence agriculture: it is a very precarious or basic type of agriculture that mainly consists of the production of plant species or food solely for the consumption of the farmer and his family. Therefore, in this type of agriculture there is no surplus that can be marketed.

Industrial agriculture: as its name implies, in this type of agriculture powerful techniques and infrastructure are developed, focused above all on the mass production of food or plant species. Thus, in this type of agriculture there is an industrial production process, aimed at consumers of all kinds.

Intensive agriculture : agriculture of this type seeks to produce a large number of plant species in a relatively small area or space. This type of agriculture has harmful implications for the land, since it wears it down quickly, rendering it unusable for a period of time. It is a characteristic technique of industrial agriculture.

Extensive agriculture: obviously, this type of agriculture is opposed to the previous one. Therefore, in extensive agriculture we try to produce in much larger spaces, causing less impact on the soil and, in this way, maintaining a better conservation of the environment. It is a much slower type of agriculture, so it is not usually used in industrial cases.

by Abdullah Sam
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