Types of folds: get to know the top 8 and learn how to use them

If there is a challenge for graphic professionals, especially the first time, it is the right choice of the types of folds to be used in their printed pieces. In order for you to provide the appropriate material to the client’s proposal, it is essential to know and understand its various forms of use.

They are many, and the same fold can be known by different names. Thinking about this initial confusion and aiming to help you in the assembly and in the adequate budget of your graphic materials, we prepared this post with specifications about the types of folds and where they are usually used.

Get to know the 8 main types of folds now and learn how to use them!

How to choose the type of fold?

The choice of the fold should not be random. Like any project,  this step  is a fundamental part of planning. Before choosing what type of fold you will use, it is important to think and answer some questions.

For example: where will the material be used? What is the contracting company about? What content is being released? Which audience will be reached with this material?

The answers to these questions can better guide you in the selection process, given the wide variety that we will show below.

What are the 8 main types of folds?

Folds are essential in graphic materials. They serve different purposes and transform a simple piece into something different, even with creative effects.

To end your doubts at once, read on and stay on top of the most used fold types on the market.

1. Simple fold

This is the most commonly used type. Also known as central fold or fold in half, it takes place exactly in the center of a material, resulting in two perfectly equal parts, side by side.

It can be applied in both smaller and larger sizes. The interesting thing is that it is convenient to read your content. It is common to find it in materials such as invitations and menus, for example.

2. Concertina type fold

Also called a zigzag, it allows the accommodation of a greater number of information in the same paper space, which is folded in parallel, two or more times.

While the simple fold has an internal face and an external one (or 4 pages), the accordion increases these possibilities on the front and back of the material. And, consequently, the number of pages. It is ideal for shows and events,  promotions  and folders for the general public.

3. Wallet type fold

It is the one that opens twice to the outside. In the first opening, it brings access to the content. The second part opens as a piece of the verse. In this way, the information is presented gradually to the reader. It is usually made on a single, continuous strip of paper, but it can also be made from a set of individual sheets.

This type of fold can be used to schedule internal events. It is ideal for the promotion of new products or services, surprising the reader with the presentation of the content progressively.

4. Fold in cross

If there is a need to fold a folder horizontally and still vertically, the cross fold is the most suitable. The name is given, therefore, when the paper is completely open and the design of its fold is that of a cross, with the center in the middle of the paper. It can be used in materials such as booklets, leaflets or pamphlets with more information.

5. Folding accordion cross

The union of two types previously mentioned results in the so-called accordion cross fold. It is made on a parallel fold, asymmetrically, in the form of a zigzag. It is also known as French fold.

It is widely used in the production of four-page notebooks (unrefined) in the editorial area. To give more volume to the pages, it is also possible to bind the material.

6. Cross fold wallet

If the idea is to have a print with several faces, folding the cross wallet is your choice. For more extensive content, this combination is also indicated. It is another example widely used for the creation of notebooks in the editorial area, making the most of a sheet of paper.

7. Window type fold

It has a leaf with four sides, so that the two flaps are folded inwards, joining the spine, but without overlapping. Two symmetrical parts open in order to show content in a larger space.

It is used in magazines, when the idea is to have more space for the presentation of a large photo. It is also used in formal presentations and to emphasize products and services.

8. Rolled fold

In this type of fold, each face is progressively smaller, being folded inside the next one. It is also called irregular folding, as it does not center the folds, as in the previous examples. It provides an original design to the material and is interesting to use in brochures.

What is the right way to signal the folds and send to print?

The fold is the finish that changes the shape of the printed paper. With a simple fold, for example, an A3 size sheet in closed format becomes an A4 sheet. For this reason, it is essential to signal its existence when  sending the material for printing . The fold must be indicated on the material by means of dotted lines.

Never forget the safety margin

Any material with folds or other finishes must be marked, with attention to safety margins for all content (texts, illustrations, etc.). This is because, when the machine makes a fold, it can vary from 2 to 3 millimeters laterally.

If there is no safety margin, an important element, like the text, can be cut. Have at least a 5 mm safety margin. And, preferably, carry out previous tests with folds by hand, to ensure that the result comes out correct.

Consider the crease for thicker papers

The process that reinforces the folding of the material is called the crease. It is indicated for papers with the heavier weight, because they bring greater resistance. That is, these papers may “break” when the fold is made. Think, for example, of cardboard when folded.

Choosing the right fold requires time and attention, so that the result presents the  best quality . With all this information about fold types, your graphic work will certainly be better done and chosen properly  for your client , right? Remembering that all the folds mentioned in this article can be easily produced by Gráfica KWG. If your material has any kind of fold, please contact us and request a quote.


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