The teachers points of traditional Chinese medicine are part of an ancient method which reduces to 18 essential points for the treatment of ailments and diseases, to relieve pain, for preventive, treatment for addictions, energy balance.
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- 1 History
- 2 Classification of acupuncture points according to their location
- 3 Point 1: large intestine 4 (IG4)
- 4 Point 2: lung 7 (P7)
- 5 Point 3: pericardium 6 (Pc 6)
- 6 Point 4: lung 5 (P5)
- 7 Point 5: large intestine 11 (IG 11)
- 8 Point 6: triple reheater 5 (tR5)
- 9 Point 7: heart (C7)
- 10 Point 8: stomach 36 (E 36)
- 11 Point 9: spleen-pancreas 6 (BP 6)
- 12 Point 10: bladder 40 (V40 or V54)
- 13 Point 11: bladder 60 (V60)
- 14 Point 12: liver 3 (H3)
- 15 Point 13: gallbladder 34 (VB 34)
- 16 Point 14: conception vessel 12 (VC 12)
- 17 Point 15: conception vessel 6 (VC6)
- 18 Point 16: bladder 11 (VII)
- 19 Point 17: bladder 17 (V17)
- 20 Point 18: Governing Cup 26 (VG 26)
- 21 Sources
Acupuncture points , also called biologically active points, are points on the body surface where there is less electrical resistance or greater electrical conductivity, this can be verified with the use of various technical means, as they are highly sensitive.
Through manual exploration or using blunt-tipped instruments, the end of the needle end, or even the tip of the needle. At their level, there are neurovascular elements not present at any other point.
According to traditional Chinese medicine , acupuncture points are the inputs and outputs of the energy that circulates through the meridians, since most of the points belong to certain meridians.
When applying treatment on them, it is necessary to know not only the meridians to which these points belong, but also the anatomical sites where they are located in order to apply the appropriate treatment with good results.
Historically, therapists have always placed great emphasis on the selection of points. At the beginning of the 13th century, Dou-Han-ONG, a famous therapist, pointed out that “to locate a point it was necessary to consider five points to select one properly” that is, we will have to make sure of its relative position with the other four adjacent points and only by means of the comparison and differentiation, the correct point can be selected, for this purpose drawings and illustrations were introduced and bronze models were cast with the location of the points.
Classification of acupuncture points according to their location
- Points of the meridians: They are those that are on the path of the meridians. (365 points for the main meridians).
- Points outside the meridians: They are those that do not integrate any meridian (600 points). These points are studied grouped as points outside the meridians, points in the ear, foot, face and hand microsystems, painful points (ah-shi) that have no fixed location.
There is a healing method of 10 cardinal points for common diseases, which together form a complete system that allows treating any ailment in a certain part of the body with the simple pressure of a finger. It was created by Dr. Ralph Alan Dale, one of the most prestigious acupuncturists in the world, with the noble aim of presenting a simple and effective alternative for people of any age to heal through the knowledge of their own bodies.
These points can be used for both preventive purposes and pain relief. Treatment for addictions. Energy balance.
The beneficial experiences derived from it can be a useful tool in the hands of medical specialists, both in hospitals and in the community.
It should be used accompanied by good nutrition, physical exercises, positive thoughts. Emotional integration and a social commitment to improve the quality of our life and then make the best choice: drug addiction or the unmatched power of the hands.
Point 1: large intestine 4 (IG4)
- Location: Between the first and second metacarpals at the level of the middle of the latter, at its radial border. In prominence, which is formed by joining the thumb to the index finger.
- Regional anatomy: Here is the network of the veins of the back of the hand and the superficial branch of the radial nerve.
- Indications: It is the most analgesic point. Headaches, eye pain, insomnia, face and tooth pain, constipation, facial paralysis , tonsillitis , radial and trigeminal nerve palsy, vomiting , diarrhea , cramps, epilepsy, and seizures .
- Contraindications: Do not apply acupuncture or moxibustion at this point in pregnant women.
Point 2: lung 7 (P7)
- This point is located above the styloid process of the radius 1.54 cun (width between the index and middle fingers together) above the first crease of the wrist, by crossing the index fingers and thumbs of the two hands and placing the index finger of one hand in the styloid process of the radius of the other hand, the point is just in the depression below the tip of the index finger.
- Regional anatomy: The cephalic vein, the branches of the radial artery and veins, the lateral cutaneous nerves of the forearm and the superficial branch of the radial nerve.
- Indications: Nervous disorders, headache, skin conditions, torticollis and toothache. Cough, bronchitis, tonsillitis , facial paralysis. It is used together with lib (kidney 6, which does not belong to the system of the 18 master acupuncture points) to treat diseases of the lung, pharynx , larynx and thorax .
Point 3: pericardium 6 (Pc 6)
- We can find it two cun (the length of the third phalanx of the middle finger of the hand) above the crease of the wrist; between the tendons of the palmar longus muscles and flexor carpi radialis.
- Regional anatomy: Deeply located interosseous arteries and veins, cutaneous nerves of the medial and lateral part of the forearm, cutaneous branch.
- Indications: Sedative point. Special point in psychic disorders, insomnia, hysteria , palpitations, epigastralgia, hiatal hernia, gastroduodenal ulcer, stenocardia, acute gastritis , epilepsy and infantile convulsion.
Point 4: lung 5 (P5)
- It is located laterally in the crease of the elbow with the forearm flexed in the depression of the crease of the elbow in the middle of the line joining (p5) with the epicondulus of the humerus.
- Regional anatomy: branches of the radial recurrent artery and veins and cephalic vein; lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm and n. radial.
- Indications: Nervous disorders, chest pain, skin conditions and elbow joint. Cough, pneumonia, bronchitis , hemoptysis, laryngitis , asthma , epistaxis, enuresis , radial nerve palsy.
Point 5: large intestine 11 (IG 11)
- It is located lateral to the elbow crease with the forearm flexed. In the depression of the elbow crease in the middle of the line joining (P5) with the epicondyle of the humerus.
- Regional anatomy: Recurrent branches of the artery and veins of the radial side, cutaneous nerve of the antebrachial posterior side and radial nerve of the middle part.
- Indications: Homeostatic point, to treat hypertension, fever, anemia and asthma , conjunctivitis, glaucoma , toothache, allergy , gingivitis , facial paralysis.
Point 6: triple reheater 5 (tR5)
- Location two cun (the length of the third phalanx of the middle finger) above TR4 between the radius and the ulna, that is, two cun above the wrist crease on the back between the radius and the ulna.
- Regional anatomy: Deep anterior and posterior interosseous arteries and veins, cutaneous nerve of the forearm. Posterior interosseous nerve of the radial nerve and the anterior interosseous nerve of the median nerve.
- Indications: Smoking, drug addiction, paralysis of the upper limb, chest pain, ear disorders, headache, catarrh and fever, epistaxis, hematemesis, tonsillitis, infantile seizure, forearm neuralgia, intercostal neuralgia, writer’s cramp.
Point 7: heart (C7)
- Location: On the superior border of the pisiform bone towards the external side of the tendon of the flexor ulnar carpus muscle.
- Regional anatomy: ulnar artery, cutaneous nerve of the medial forearm, and the ulnar nerve.
- Indications: Psychopathies, sedative, for anxiety, insomnia, palpitations, hysteria. Modifies the psychic response, stenocardia, headache, dizziness amnesia, cardiac adynamia.
Point 8: stomach 36 (E 36)
- It is located three cun (width of the four fingers of the hand) below the inferior border of the patella and one cun lateral to the anterior border of the tibia. Lateral and below the tibial tuberosity three cun below stomach 35 (E 35) outside the patellar ligament.
- Regional anatomy: Anterior tibial artery and veins crural cutaneous nerve of the external part of the cutaneous branch of the saphenous nerve. Deeply the fibular nerve.
- Indications: Homeostatic, stimulating or general energizing. For digestive disorders (nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, constipation) and eye disorders. Neurasthenia, hemiplegia, vitamin deficiency, leg paralysis, infantile paralysis, Do not use this point in pregnant women.
Point 9: spleen-pancreas 6 (BP 6)
- Location 3 cun (width of the four fingers of the hand) above the apex of the medial malleolus on the posterior border of the tibia.
- Regional anatomy: Great saphenous vein, posterior tibial artery and vein. Cutaneous nerve of the leg (superficial) and tibial nerve (deep).
- Indications: Homeostatic point. For genitourinary conditions, sexual disorders, menstrual disorders, pelvic pain, insomnia, depression, physical and mental exhaustion. Digestive disorders and paralysis of the legs. Do not use it in pregnant women.
Point 10: bladder 40 (V40 or V54)
- Location: Midpoint of the popliteal crease between the biceps femoris and semitendinosus tendons; lying down or knee bent.
- Regional anatomy: popliteal vein, popliteal artery (deep); post femoral cutaneous nerve, tibial nerve.
- Indications: Sciatica, lumbar pain, lower limb paralysis, catarrh, hemorrhoids , knee pain , cystitis, anuria, enuresis, allergy , dermatitis, high blood pressure, vomiting.
Item 11: bladder 60 (V60)
- located in the depression between the lateral malleolus and calcaneal tendonor (Achilles tendon).
- Regional anatomy: Parval saphenous vein, sural nerve.
- Indications: Sacrolumbalgias, sciatica , to treat ankle conditions , hemorrhoids , vertigo, lower limb paralysis, epistaxis, chronic diarrhea and do not use this point in pregnant women.
Point 12: liver 3 (H3)
- Location: In the distal depression at the junction of the first and second metatarsals, two finger traverses behind the first and second interdigital space.
- Regional anatomy: dorsal veinsof the foot, dorsal metatarsal arteries of the great toe, branch of the deep fibular nerve.
- Indications: Eye diseases, pelvic pain, metrorrhagia, mastitis, headache, convulsion in children. Food poisoning, epilepsy, hysteria, HBP, facial paralysis, hepatitis , [[
Bladder stones]], vertigo.
Point 13: gallbladder 34 (VB 34)
- it is located in the depression anterior and below the head fibula at 2 cun (the length of the third phalanx of the middle finger) below Stomach 35 (E 35).
- Regional anatomy: Gene artery branch of the popliteal artery and tributary gene vein of the popliteal vein, common fibular nerve.
- Indications: Suicidal ideas. Point to work on the lower limb muscles. Spasms and paralysis. Hemiplegia, sciatica, knee pain, intercostal neuralgia, cholelithiasis, uterine bleeding, hyperacidity.
Point 14: conception vessel 12 (VC 12)
- Location midway between the umbilicus and the xiphoid process of the sternum.
- Regional anatomy: Superior epigastric artery and veins, anterior cutaneous branch of the 7th intercostal nerve.
- Indications: Gastric disorders, vomiting, dyspepsia, acute and chronic gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcer, colitis, enterocolitis, hyperemesis , diabetes, hepatitis, asthma , infantile convulsion.
Point 15: conception vessel 6 (VC6)
- Location: 1.5 cun (width between index and middle fingers together) below the navel.
- Regional anatomy: branches of the superior and inferior epigastric artery and veins, anterior cutaneous branch of the 11th intercostal nerve.
- Indications: Urinary incontinence. Genitourinary and intestinal disorders, menstrual disorders, metrorrhagia, impotence, rectal prolapse, enuresis, neurasthenia.
Item 16: bladder 11 (VII)
- Located two finger traverses outside the lower edge of the spinous process of the 3rd. Thoracic vertebra.
- Indications: Cervicalqias, muscle spasms, shoulder joint pain, cough, fever , bronchitis .
Point 17: bladder 17 (V17)
- Location: 2 through the finger on the outside of the 7th thoracic vertebra.
- Indications: anemia, chronic hemorrhagic conditions, hiccups, nausea, vomiting, dyspnea, bronchitis, esophageal stenosis, gastritis , stomach ulcer , diabetes, hemopathies.
Item 18: Governor Cup 26 (VG 26)
- Location: Below the nasal septum at the junction of the upper third of the upper lip. Under the nose, in the nasolabial fold.
- Regional anatomy: superior labial artery and veins, buccal branch of the facial nerve and branch of the infraorbital nerve.
- Indications: Shock, fainting, fainting, hysteria, palpitations, epilepsy, facial paralysis, stiff neck, exaltation, lumbar pain.