|Writing is an activity to create notes or information on a medium by using characters.
Writing is usually done on paper using tools such as pens or pencils. Early in its history, writing was done using images, for example hieroglyphic writing (hieroglyphs) in Ancient Egypt.
Scriptwriting appeared about 5000 years ago. The Sumerians (present-day Iraq) created markings on clay. These signs represent sounds, in contrast to hieroglyphic letters that represent words or things.
Writing activities developed rapidly since the creation of printing techniques, which made people more active in writing because their work was easily published.
Writing is very important for us, especially for a student. In our journey to become students, this language skill is always needed as long as we become students and become educators. For example, in writing papers for subject assignments and writing a thesis, writing plays an important role as our provision to convey the thoughts and ideas of students during our studies and when we become educators. Writing is very important because every day we will definitely do what is called writing.
Writing activities involve the writer as the messenger, the message or content of the writing, the channel or the written media, and the reader as the recipient of the message. As a language skill, writing is a complex activity because writers are required to be able to compile and organize the contents of their writings and put them in the formulations of various written languages and other writing conventions (Suparno and Yunus, 2004: 26).
Mastery of language and mastery of writing in writing are important factors that must be known from the start. The language aspects of writing are related to attitudes, readers, and goals. Attitudes, readers, and goals will influence how to write sentences, choice of words, and language style. Mastery of language and good writing mastery will make it easier to choose which one to use as a writing medium.
Writing is an activity to express someone’s thoughts, ideas and feelings which are expressed in written language. In another sense, writing is an activity to express thoughts and feelings in a written form which is expected to be understood by readers and functions as a means of indirect communication. Thus, we can emphasize that the meaning of writing is a person’s activity to convey ideas to readers in written language so that they can be understood by readers.
According to KBBI, the meaning of writing is giving birth to thoughts or feelings (such as composing, writing letters) with writing. Writing means pouring the contents of the writer’s heart into writing, so that the intent of the author’s heart can be known to many people through written writing. The ability of a person to pour his heart into a piece of writing is very different, influenced by the background of the writer. Thus, the quality or quality of the writings of each writer is also different from one another. However, one important thing is that in relation to writing activities, a writer must pay attention to the abilities and needs of his readers.
Elements of Writing
Writing as a written language activity includes four elements, namely as follows;
In this case, an idea is an idea, opinion, experience or knowledge expressed by the author.
Expression is the expression of ideas in such a way that the reader can understand them well. Expression of ideas can be divided into four forms, namely as follows.
a. Exposure, which is a form of disclosure that provides a systematic, analytical, and logical explanation of a subject so that readers understand it and increase their knowledge.
b. Description, which is a form of expression that describes an object with various observations of the author that he gets through his sense organs. The objects in question are objects such as people, places, scenery, beautiful songs, flowers, animals, plants, atmosphere, and so on.
c. Narration, which is a form of expression that conveys the events intertwined in such a way in the order of time or place to the reader with the intention of leaving an impression of changes in something that happened from the beginning to the end of the story.
d. Discussion, which is a form of disclosure that discusses or talks about something by using facts or arguments so that readers believe it and change their thoughts, opinions, or attitudes according to what the author hopes.
Order is a rule or order for the development and preparation of ideas that the writer usually guides.
Means are tools for conveying ideas, namely written language which mainly concerns vocabulary, grammar, how to use language efficiently and effectively, and spelling. To be competent in conveying ideas in writing, a person must be able to apply spelling rules, have adequate vocabulary, be able to apply language rules, be able to write effective sentences, be able to develop good paragraphs, and have the ability to reason.
a. Fundamentals of Writing
The principles of writing are explained by Nuruddin (2011: 39-46). In his presentation, he gave an example of a sentence that reads “This person’s father is the father of my child whose father is sick being treated by my neighbor’s child”. In that sentence, who is the person in question? Based on this example, writing activities require writing principles which are described below;
1. Clarity (clarity).
The principle of clarity makes it easy for readers. The author’s writing can be read and understood by readers. The writing does not cause misinterpretation. Ideas are not vague or vague. Quoting HW Fowler’s opinion, the principle of clarity appears in writing that uses general words, not special words. Writing is also concrete (not abstract), single (not long), short (not long), using its own language (not a foreign language).
The basics of brevity should be taken into account by the author so as not to waste reader time. However, this does not mean that the writing should be short, but rather that it does not use excessive language. Do not scatter words arbitrarily, do not repeat, do not twist in conveying ideas.
- Accuracy (correctness).
The principle of accuracy can cause the writer’s assumption to experience a point of similarity with the reader. A writing must be able to convey the points of idea to the reader with the compatibility as intended by the author. This means that there is no mistake in assuming that it causes misinterpretation by the reader. As a result, the author’s message cannot be properly understood by the reader.
- Unity (unity).
The unity of the main ideas in each paragraph must be considered in writing in describing the ideas / thoughts. Readers are facilitated in capturing the author’s ideas. The main ideas can be easily captured by the reader with the help of explanatory ideas.
- Coherence. Between sections of writing must be linked to one another (inter-verse or sentence). These links make it easier for readers to capture the author’s ideas.
The existence of prominence or a degree of difference between sections in the writing makes it easy for the reader to grasp the stress of certain ideas. Thus, the writer’s big ideas can be well understood by the readers.
Writing is an activity of deriving or depicting graphic symbols of a language conveyed to readers. The writing can be understood by the reader according to the author’s intent.
Productive and Expressive
Communicate ideas, feelings, experiences to others (readers).
Writing utilizes knowledge of graphology, vocabulary, sentence structure, language style, scientific notation.