The 16 benefits of wheat germ oil
Pressing the wheat germ produces the homonymous oil which is the best food source of vitamin E (133 mg / 100 g versus 18.5 mg / 100g of olive oil). This vitamin is a powerful antioxidant agent, essential in the fight against free radicals, in the defense of health and in the prevention of aging.
- Wheat germ oil is also very rich in essential fatty acids, which are also precious allies of our health, as long as the food is eaten raw (it is not recommended to use it hot for fried or fried). If taken as a supplement, wheat germ oil should be taken at the end of the meal (the fats in the food promote the absorption of vitamin E), following the manufacturer’s instructions.
- Consumed regularly, replacing part of the refined foods with whole grains or using specific supplements, wheat germ can fill the numerous deficiencies of the western diet, high-calorie on one side but poor of the essential nutritional principles for our well-being on the other.
- This vegetable oil appears as a thick liquid, yellow in color tending to ocher and with a pleasant taste, it is used both as a natural supplement, as a condiment in daily nutrition, perhaps mixed with olive oil, and for cosmetic use.
- From a ton of wheat it is possible to obtain, through a cold pressureextraction process , a kilo of oil. This method preserves all its active ingredients, guaranteeing the maximum content of Vitamin E, a fat-soluble and heat-sensitive vitamin, which, with chemical solvents and high temperatures, could be destroyed.
- Internal use:the intake of wheat germ oil in the form of pearls or as a raw condiment , provides, in addition to vitamin E (of which it is the main natural source), calcium, copper, manganese, magnesium, B vitamins and phosphorus. The synergy of these nutrients makes wheat germ oil effective in reducing cellular oxidative stress and controlling certain lipid parameters, as well as promoting good energy and metabolic production. In fact, thanks to the antioxidant action, this precious oil promotes fatigue resistance and reduces oxygen debt during physical activity.
- According to recent studies, free radicals are implicated in a large number of degenerative diseases that accompany and cause aging. Finally, the presence of essential fatty acids, 55-60% of which are linoleic acid (omega 3), gives this oil a cholesterol-lowering property , effective in controlling cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood.
- It can be used in the treatment of skin diseases such as psoriasis and eczema, it is effective for treating burns and skin ulcers. As an external application it is very useful for dry skin.
- It is beneficial for the general health of the skin as it improves blood circulation in the skin when used outdoors. It also helps skin cells that may have been damaged due to the scorching heat of the sun. It is also good for dermatitis and reduces scars.
- It is advisable to apply it on the clean skin of the face in a thin layer every evening and as a serum, especially in the area around the eyes and around the lips. In a more generous layer once a week, as an anti-wrinklecompress , which will be removed with a towel after about 15-20 minutes, in case of dry and dull and dull skin. Or you can add a few drops in the usual night creams, to enhance the nourishing action.
- The high concentration of Vitamin E, makes the wheat germ oil particularly suitable for nourishing dry skin, protecting those withered by external agents such as wind, sun, cold; and as an elixir of youth for mature skin. Wheat germ oil nourishes and restructures the tissues, because it strengthens the insufficient hydrolipidic film, the lack of which causes cracking, flaking and irritation. If mixed together with sweet almond oil, in order to make it more absorbable, and massaged on the still moist skin, it exerts an emollient and restorative action, especially after exposure to the sun or in case of very dry skin, which scales or “pulls”. Ideal for preventing stretch marks, during pregnancy and lactation; during and after slimming treatments to firm and restore tone and strength to withered and tired skin.
- Excellent as a wrap to be made before shampooing, in the case of parched, bleached, brittle and fragile hair. It gives benefit from the first treatment to dry and dry scalp.
- Health benefits of wheat germ oil include improving the overall functioning of the heart. Research has shown the beneficial effects of an important substance known as octacosanol (policosanol) and in particular in improving cardiovascular functions. Polycosanols are effective in controlling the production of cholesterol by the liver. It is thought to increase the “good” cholesterol level and reduce that of “bad” cholesterol.
- Linoleic acid, fatty acids such as oleic, palmitic and stearic acid are the fatty acids found in wheat germ oil. Essential fatty acids including linoleic cannot be produced by the body. As a result, they should be taken daily as they improve the immune system, the nervous system and help in the growth of healthy and regenerating cells.
- In sports activities, the contribution of octacosanol may be useful: this long chain alcohol has ergogenic properties and increases the working capacity of experimental animals. The mechanism of action is not known, but pharmacokinetic research has shown that the octacosanol administered by mouth is localized selectively in brown adipose tissue, where it could somehow stimulate lipidosynthesis and release fatty acids for muscle tissue. It should be noted, however, that if the study is repeated in the trained animal, the preferential accumulation tissue of octacosanol is the skeletal musculature, and no longer the adipose tissue: this could indicate that the octacosanol acts only in the presence of a well trained musculature and in subjects who already practice sports, but not in sedentary subjects, and that the effect is due to an increased mobilization of fatty acids within the skeletal musculature. Moreover, through a series of combined effects on enzymes involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism, octacosanol reduces triglyceridemia, increases concentration – and therefore peripheral availability – of free fatty acids and, by stimulating peripheral lipoproteinlipase, increases the entry of lipids in skeletal musculature.
- However, there is another reason why wheat germ oil can be useful in sports. Numerous experimental evidence indicates that (REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES) oxygen compounds with high oxidizing activity (ROS) play an important role as mediators of skeletal muscle damage and inflammation after prolonged exercise. It has been hypothesized that ROS production is increased during exercise, as a result of oxygen consumption and electron flow within the mitochondria and subsequent peroxidation. The literature indicates that a dietary antioxidant supplement facilitates the neutralization and elimination of peroxides produced during exercise, preventing damage to the muscular structure.
- Vitamin E is one of the main defensive mechanisms against the oxidative stress of skeletal musculature, and the administration of vitamin E with the diet helps prevent damage to the skeletal musculature operated by ROS during intense exercise, suggesting its use in athletes , in conditions of muscular asthenia or in the elderly whose muscular work capacity is reduced. It should also be remembered that an experimental lack of vitamin E and selenium causes a degeneration of the skeletal musculature in the animal
Nutritional table of wheat germ
The values in this table refer to 100 grams of product (1 cup corresponds to approximately 115 grams).
|Calories||360 kcal (kj 1506)|
|Total carbohydrates||51.8 g|
|Retinol (Vitamin A)||0 mg|
|Thiamine (Vit. B1)||1,882 mg|
|Riboflavin (Vit. B2)||0.499 mg|
|Niacin (Vit. B3)||6,813 mg|
|Pantothenic acid (Vit. B5)||2,257 mg|
|Pyridoxine (Vit. B6)||1.3 mg|
|Food folate||281 mg|
|Folic acid (Vit. B9)||0 mg|
|C vitamin||6.8 mg|
The wheat germ
Wheat germ is often derived from sprouted kernels because its nutritional properties are enhanced during the germination process. By placing the grain in contact with water, the embryo becomes the site of an intense enzymatic activity, which significantly increases its precious nutrient reservoir.
The level of calcium passes in a few days from 45 to 71 mg per 100 g, that of phosphorus from 423 to 1050 mg and that of magnesium from 133 to 342 mg. Germination also significantly increases the content of amino acids and vitamins; B1 increases by 20%, B5 by 45%, B6 by 200%, carotenoids by 225%, vitamin E by 300% and vitamin C by 500%.
Wheat sprouts are therefore a better source of nutrients than dried wheat germ. They can easily be produced at home, using seeds of biological origin and soaking them in warm water for 12 hours. Then they will be placed in a deep dish, covered with a damp gauze that protects them from direct light and drying. Leaving them at a temperature of 20 ° C and taking care to wet them slightly twice a day, the wheat sprouts can be consumed after three or four days. For an adult the recommended dose is that obtained from a spoonful of dry seeds.
In a clinical trial in subjects with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia, treatment with wheat germ resulted, after 4 weeks, in a reduction in total cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol of 9 and 20% respectively. After 14 weeks, an 11% reduction in triglyceridemia also became evident.
Furthermore, according to the Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study, vitamin E has a protective effect on ischemic heart disease for a direct action on the progression of atherosclerosis