= Like other Islamic pillars, prayer also has legal requirements and conditions for the obligatory prayers. On this occasion we will discuss about what are the legal requirements for prayer and what is called the obligatory prayer requirements.
Terms – Conditions for the Legal Prayer
The legal requirement for this prayer is something which before the prayer, must be fulfilled first. The various types of valid conditions for this prayer are as follows:
- Sacred of hadats, both small and large hadats. These small hadats are anything that invalidates wudoo ‘, such as farting, urinating and defecating. The big hadats are when wet dreams or junub (for men and women) and menstruation, puerperal, and after childbirth (specifically for women), and to purify it is by taking a big bath or junub.
- Sacred all the limbs, clothing and places of the unclean. As explained in QS. al-Muddatssir (74): 4
Wa tsiyaabaka fathahhir
“And clean your clothes”
- Cover genitalia. For men, the genitals should be between the navel and the knees of the legs. Whereas for female genitalia is the whole body (body), except for the face and two hands.
- Enter prayer time (which has been determined at the time of prayer in the region of each country)
- Overlooking the Qibla.
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Prerequisites for Prayers
The conditions for the obligatory prayers are the conditions whereby someone has or must be obliged to pray when these mandatory requirements have or all have been fulfilled. As for the conditions that cause a person to be exposed to the statutory obligation to pray are as follows:
- Baligh. That is, it is old enough to do everything that is mandatory.
The age limit for a boy is when the child has a wet dream or when the child is about 15 years old. Whereas for girls the baligh limit is when menstrual blood comes out or around the age of 9 years.
- Common sense. Not in a state of madness, or loss of mind.
People who are crazy or drunk, which causes loss of mind, are not required to pray. As explained in the Qur’an an-Nisaa ‘(4) verse 43, the following:
يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ لَا تَقۡرَبُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَأَنتُمۡ سُكَٰرَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَعۡلَمُوا مَنَ
Yaa ayyuhal ladziina aamanuu laa taqrabus shalaata wa antum sukaraa hattaa ta’lamuu maa taquuluun (a) …
“O you who believe, do not (approach) prayer, while you are drunk, so that you understand what you are saying …”
- Mumayyiz, is able to distinguish between good and right, right and wrong as well as halal and haram.
Warning Before Prayer …
From the explanation of the legal requirements and obligatory prayers above. When performing prayers in the mosque. Usually the prayer prayer will warn the congregation to close ranks (shaf) prayer.
In addition, children who are accompanied by their teacher or parents are usually also warned so that when performing the prayer service, not to joke, get busy, or chat with their friends. Because, it can cancel their respective prayers.