Telematics Engineering is a scientific and technological discipline that arises from the evolution and fusion of Telecommunications and Computer Science . This merger has brought about the development of technologies that allow from making a phone call at the top of Mount Elbrus to a subscriber in the Amazon rainforest, sending a 3D video over the Internet, or even receiving images from a probe orbiting a planet. distant
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- 1 Origin of the Term
- 2 Definition
- 3 See Also
- 4 Source
Origin of the Term
The term Telematics was coined in France (télématique). In 1976 , in a report commissioned by the French president and prepared by Simon Nora and Alain Minc (known as the Nora-Minc Report and distributed by the title: ” Computerization of Society “) in which an incredibly precise vision of the future technological evolution.
However, the concept, as indicated in this report, can also be linked to an American origin: compunication, or as it is more commonly used Computer and Communications. However, the difference between the terms is not by chance: they respond to different contexts, indeed, there are key nuances to distinguish.
To clarify this, it is convenient to place ourselves in the context of the time: on the one hand, France placed clear emphasis on telecommunications as the engine of its social transformation (1976), while the United States was experiencing a great revolution in information technology. Thus, communication points to a more relevant model of computer systems; telematics (télématique) meanwhile, refers to a greater emphasis on telecommunication.
This difference of origin has been lost, as this scientific and technological discipline has completely converged worldwide, to form a single well-established body of knowledge.
Telematics covers a scientific and technological field of considerable scope, encompassing the study, design, management and application of communications networks and services, for the transport, storage and processing of any type of information (data, voice, video, etc. .), including the analysis and design of switching technologies and systems. Telematics includes, among other concepts, the following functional plans:
- The user plane, where the information of the final services and applications is distributed and processed;
- The signaling and control plane, where the control information of the system itself is distributed and processed, and its interaction with users;
- The management plane, where the information on the operation and management of the system and services is distributed and processed, and its interaction with network operators.
Each of the planes is structured in subsystems called protocol entities, which in turn are located due to their functionality at various levels.
These levels are groupings of functionality, and according to the Open Systems Interconnection Model of the International Organization for Standardization, they are made up of: physical level, link level, network level, end-to-end transport level, session level, presentation and level of application.
It also deals with services such as tele-education, electronic commerce (e-commerce) or electronic administration (e-government), Web Services , digital TV , switching and switch architecture, and also touches on topics such as performance analysis , modeling and simulation of networks: optimization, capacity planning, traffic engineering and design of networks .
Another modality is to find it focused on a specific activity such as Educational Telematics where the use of telematic resources directed at Education is developed ; including interactive communication, the distribution of information and the pedagogical use of services.