Generally, symptoms of fatty liver can arise when the fat in the liver exceeds 10%, characterizing grade 1 or mild liver steatosis , which rarely presents symptoms and does not cause damage to the body, as long as its cause is avoided. Know the symptoms and pay attention!
What causes fat to accumulate in the liver?
The accumulation of fat in the liver, technically called liver steatosis, is a very common problem that can be caused by risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Initially, there are no symptoms
Normally, during the early stages of the disease, there is no symptom whatsoever , which is why steatosis is often discovered accidentally through tests to diagnose other diseases.
Most known symptoms
Some patients with fatty liver complain of fatigue and a feeling of heaviness in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen. There is no evidence , however, that these symptoms are related to the accumulation of fat in the liver. There are patients with advanced degrees of steatosis who have no symptoms , however, those who have advanced steatosis usually present:
- Excessive tiredness;
- Abdominal discomfort on the right side;
- General malaise;
- Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Why do these symptoms exist?
These signs and symptoms arise when the cause of the problem is not avoided , causing a marked situation with large accumulation of fat and inflammation of the liver cells.
It is common for patients with fatty liver to be unaware of their health problem, not only because the symptoms are rare, but because, when they happen, they are usually not associated with liver problems.
Is it possible for children to have steatosis?
In children in the first years of life, fatty liver is caused mainly by some metabolic diseases. In older children and adolescents, the causes are similar to those of adults
Childhood treatment is of fundamental importance to prevent irreversible damage in adults, in addition to raising the child’s awareness of healthy lifestyle habits.
How to deal with this problem?
Weight loss is possibly the most important measure. However, weight loss should be limited to a maximum of 1.5 kg per week to avoid worsening of the condition. Regular physical activity also helps a lot, as it lowers cholesterol and increases the effect of insulin on the body. In patients with morbid obesity, bariatric surgery may be an option