Stress symptoms: understand how to identify and treat

With the intense routine, pressure from society and demands at work, it is common for people to be stressed more easily. But this problem that affects a large part of the population has several symptoms that hinder our days and decrease the quality of life.

Anxiety, insomnia, hair loss, restlessness and irritability are some of the many signs that a person is stressed. With that in mind, we created this post to explain a little more about the symptoms of stress and how to identify them. Check out.

What is stress?

Stress is a hormonal reaction triggered by sensations and emotions that disturb the body. Situations of fear, discomfort, anxiety, frustration, wear and worry release high amounts of cortisol and adrenaline in the nervous system. Known as stress hormones , when released in large quantities they affect health, productivity, mood and quality of life.

What are the most common causes for this problem?

There are three types of stress: acute stress, acute episodic and chronic stress. Each has a cause and duration. Below we explain a little about each one:

Acute stress

Acute stress gets its name because it is a reaction to a stressful fact or moment, which can be in the physical or emotional area. Symptoms usually go through the area of ​​anxiety and can be psychological like mood instability or physical like headache.

Episodic acute stress

This type of stress is very similar to acute, but in the case of episodic, the stimuli that lead to stress are repeated frequently. In this case, the symptoms extend for longer, such as a persistent headache or hypertension.

Chronic stress

When a person is constantly stressed, being part of the routine, it means that he may be becoming chronic. What happens is that the body’s symptoms and reactions to stress do not go away, affecting the individual’s health. This can become a risk factor for anxiety and depression . The main symptoms are fatigue, insomnia, discouragement and sadness.

What are the main symptoms presented by a person with stress?

As noted above, there are different types of stress, each with its causes, symptoms and duration. But, there are some discomforts that can occur in any of them. Therefore, we list the main ones below.


The insomnia is a major symptom of stress. Because of the hormones released by the body, especially adrenaline, the person finds it difficult to turn off thoughts. When lying down to sleep, instead of relaxing and turning off, the individual keeps thinking about a thousand things constantly. Making you stay awake for long periods of time.

Constant tiredness

After insomnia at night, tiredness comes during the day. As the individual has difficulty sleeping and spends part of the night awake, the body feels the next day. With that, sleep accumulates over the days and hours, making the person feel constant tiredness and have difficulty doing any task. It can happen that in a moment the subject feels so fatigue that he ends up sleeping wherever he is and without realizing it.


Agitation is another common symptom of stress hormone release. It can affect both the body and the brain and cause the individual to be agitated in several ways. It is common that, in addition to the difficulty of turning off thoughts to sleep, the person is unable to remain completely still and is stamping their feet, moving their hands or even walking from side to side.

Sadness and irritability

With sleep deprivation, continuous tiredness and constant agitation, emotions end up on the surface. And that is why sadness, irritability and stress always go hand in hand. It is common for stressed individuals to discount their emotions, whatever they may be, in other people and end up getting into fights and confusions with others.

Weight loss or gain

It is common for people with stress to discount their emotions in food, and therefore end up gaining weight. But the opposite can also happen, the individual loses the desire to eat or ends up losing weight due to continuous agitation. Either way, eating too much or too little can cause stomach problems like gastritis, reflux and ulcers.

Low immunity

Low immunity is another symptom that can arise because of stress. To keep the body healthy, it is necessary for the person to maintain a series of habits, such as sleeping well, maintaining a balanced diet, drinking water and practicing physical activities. The lack of them in the routine makes the individual more likely to get sick and develop infections.

Hair loss, dizziness, headaches, muscle tension, difficulty concentrating, memory failure, anxiety, acne and skin allergies are some more frequent symptoms of stress.

How to identify these symptoms?

Usually, the symptoms of stress appear together, it is very rare to have only one at a time. Therefore, to identify whether it is really stress, the ideal is to note the signs and discomfort that the person is feeling, so it is easier for a specialist doctor to reach a diagnosis.

It is common for the stressed person not to be able to identify their symptoms alone. For this, it is nice to talk to someone close and discuss what you are feeling. It may be a family member, co-worker or even a spouse.

The symptoms of stress alone are uncomfortable, uncomfortable and can interfere with quality of life. But continuous stress can end up causing more serious illnesses like depression, heart problems, hypertension, premature aging, digestive problems  and eating disorders.

Therefore, it is extremely important to seek a specialist whenever you experience symptoms of stress. It is he who will make the diagnosis correctly and develop the best treatment for each situation. Among the treatments for stress are medications, massages, physical exercises and changes in diet


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