San Isidoro Cathedral of Holguin

San Isidoro de Holguin Cathedral . Religious and worship place for the Catholic Church. It was the Parish Church of the city of Holguín . In it the settlement books of baptisms, marriages and deaths since 1731 are kept .

Summary

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  • 1La catedral
  • 2 History
  • 3 Construction
  • 4Arquitectura
  • 5 Sources

Cathedral

The Cathedral of San Isidoro, located on Libertad Street in the city of Holguín , is a religious and place of worship for the Catholic Church . The Catholic Religion was the spiritual pillar of Spanish domination, hence one of the first buildings to be built in a new town was the church, which in addition to officiating all religious rites, controlled births, through baptisms, weddings and burials in the area it served.

Many of them were used as cemeteries, such was the case of the Parroquial Mayor which, until the end of the 18th century , served as a holy field for the first inhabitants of the town.

History

The history of the Parish Church of San Isidoro dates back to the year 1680 in Hato de Managuaco , where the first religious building was built in the territory of the north coast through the efforts of Don Francisco González de Rivera .

Later, in 1709 it was transferred to Las Guazumas , Hato las Cuevas and in 1719 to Cayo Llano , the year in which the town of San Isidoro de Holguín was founded. The first building of the Church of San Isidoro was blessed on April 3, 1720 in the City of Holguín , with the first mass being celebrated on April 4 , 1720 . It was elevated to the rank of Cathedral in 1979 and consecrated in 1996 .

Building

The primitive church was a poor wooden construction, located where before the ranch of García Holguín had been, to the south and its creation was due to the expense of the councilman Don Diego de Ávila y de la Torre , who with the help of the neighbors he also moved the bell of the Church of Las Guazumas . Its first priest was the priest Don Juan González de Herrera y López , appointed by Bishop Jerónimo Valdés on January 11 , 1719 .

In 1730 the primitive construction was demolished and a new one was built with a mud roof with tiles, carved wood, brick and earth floors that according to Bishop Morell y Santa Cruz . It was enlarged in 1751 , to two aisles and a sacristy, all of the same material as the existing one. The ground floor of the temple was completed by a bell tower made up of four poles and two medium-sized bells. Towards one of the sides there was a cemetery of forty-seven yards long, surrounded by a stockade of strong poles and xequi.

Architecture

Since its inception, the Parroquial Mayor had access to the church square or Plaza de San Isidoro as it was also called, which from 1898 took the name of Julio Grave de Peralta , the greatest generation of the wars of independence in Cuba . All this was due to the fact that, since Holguín was an 18th century city and had no coasts, the compilation of the Indian laws and legislation that governed the life of the Hispanic colonies established the creation of two squares with portals facing the front, constituting the parish square, the first political-religious center of the city, which is why the first residents built their homes on its front.

At the end of the 18th century, the property was deteriorated and its reconstruction and expansion was decided from 1800 , building that same year the chapel of the Virgen del Rosario , towards the right entering and later that of Jesús Nazareno , today of the Virgin de la Caridad , towards the left side. The reconstruction was finished in 1815 , although it really continued to be remodeled throughout the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century .

In the 18th and 19th centuries, it possessed valuable altars painted in gold and images with accessories of gold, silver and precious stones, as well as jewels and sacred vessels of gold and the turned wooden cone with its organ. At the beginning of this century, it undergoes a notable transformation by demolishing its original tower and building two on both sides of the central nave, despite this transformation, among which are others of a reversible nature, such as the loss of its furniture, product to changes that occurred in the Second Vatican Council, the property preserves important architectural values ​​such as, among others, a notable carved ceiling, with a pair and knuckle in the central nave and overhangs on the sides, standing out for their artistic beauty the ceilings in the chapels, which in turn make up the arms floor plan of the building in the Latin cross, with arcades on its fronts, from which a small square starts on both sides.

It is a construction with a Latin T floor plan. The Cathedral of San Isidoro is a solid building with three wide doors and attached columns, with a pediment in the center that defines its triangular top. The Moorish interiors of the Cathedral of San Isidoro have as a great attraction the carefully worked wooden ceilings, still original, which are the most beautiful among those that are preserved in the Mudejar style in the city of Holguín . From 1922 to 1940 , the first public library in the city operated in the parish church. In 1979 it was raised to the rank of Cathedral of San Isidoro de Holguín, creating the diocese in the provinces of Holguín and Las Tunas .

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