The Rose is the flower to give for excellence and each variety carries a different message. For centuries the Rose has been the symbol of love, devotion, admiration, beauty and perfection. The Rose also symbolizes the secret and gently reveals it. The well-closed bud of the Rose also embodies female chastity while the blossomed Rose represents youthful beauty. In Roman mythology the Rose of lovers was the sacred flower of Venus and since then it has remained until the present day as an expression of deep and passionate love.
In the Greek and Roman world, the rose was associated with the myth of Adonis and Aphrodite: the goddess, in love with the young hunter, can do nothing to save him from the death caused by the attack of a boar. In rescuing the beloved, Aphrodite is wounded with brambles and her blood is making red roses bloom. Zeus, moved by the pain of the goddess, allows Adonis to live four months in Hades, four in the world of the living, and four others where he would have preferred: for this reason the rose is considered a symbol of love that conquers death and also of rebirth.
The name “Rosa canina” is used indiscriminately both in the botanical nomenclature – indicating, respectively, the genus and the species – and, usually, in the common language. In the spoken language of some Italian regions, the wild rose is simply called “grattacu” or, still, wild rose, rose of the hedges, pink thorn, rosella, rose of maquis, roses of the thorns and biancarosa.L ‘appellative “canina” has origins remote: in ancient times, in fact, the roots of this shrub were used in decott as an effective remedy in the treatment of rabies.
The rose in the language of flowers and its beneficial properties
In the language of flowers, the dog rose symbolizes both poetry and independence. It is even mentioned in the Bible: probably, Judas actually used the rosehip tree to commit suicide; still, the crown of thorns of Jesus was presumably made with the branches of this shrub.The Romans celebrated the Rosalia, linked to the cult of the dead, in a period between May 11 and July 15: this festival of roses was transmitted in the Christian world, where Pentecost is also called “Easter of roses”. The rose was also present in the cult of Dionysus, for the belief that it prevented the drunken man from revealing his secrets. In the iconography of Christian mysticism the rose, for its beauty, its perfume, for the mystery of its form appreciated since time immemorial and for the mostly red color, the very ancient symbol of love, indicates the cup that collected the blood of Christ or the transformation of the drops of this blood or the wounds of Christ himself.
- Popular medicine recommends the use of rose water for eye washes, in cases of burns, against eczema and against inflammation of the oral cavity.
- The bud bud derived from young shoots regulates the body’s immune response, giving the preparation an effective action against all allergies. In particular, its intake improves the immune response at the respiratory level in those with an allergic tendency and in children.
- The anti-inflammatory property is useful in acute inflammation (alterations of nasal mucous membranes, eyes and airways with phlegm).
- It is an excellent remedy in the prevention of allergies and in the treatment of rhinitis, conjunctivitis easma due to contact with pollen; in childhood diseases such as tonsillitis, nasopharyngitis, otitis, cough, cold of infectious origin.
- The berries of the dog rose contain vitamin C, in quantities up to 50-100 times higher than citrus fruits and allows the body’s natural defenses to be refined (100 grams of berries contain the same amount of vitamin C as 1 kilo of traditional citrus fruits) .
- The vitaminizing and antioxidant action of bioflavonoids, contained in the pulp and peel, acts to improve blood circulation. This beneficial effect on blood quality is due to its ability to promote the absorption of calcium and iron in the intestine, balancing the level of cholesterol and contributing to the production of hemoglobin; it also activates vitamin B9 (folic acid) with a slight antihistamine effect.
- Since vitamin C , also known as ascorbic acid, cannot be synthesized directly by man (unlike what happens with other animals), it must be introduced either with food, or with the food supplement, in cases where power is lacking.
- The wild rose is an excellent tonic for mental and physical exhaustion, it helps to defeat stress, stimulates the elimination of toxins, uric acid-causing gout and rheumatism-through diuresis.
- The berries have an astringent action due to the presence of tannins, useful in case of diarrhea and intestinal colic.
- It is a good diuretic, because by stimulating the elimination of toxins through urine, it is useful to counteract inflammation of the bladder and kidneys, abundant menstruation, inertial catarrhs, hyperhidrosis, conjunctivitis, tissue fragility.