Mulberry is one of the most popular flowers among the winter flowers. It is not a stranger to the gray city offices, courts, educational institutions, and the variety of varieties of mattresses. Demand for these flowers is wide throughout the year. At various festivals, weddings, meetings, processions, meetings at the rhinoceros, the use of toppings is unacceptable. So every day, the flowers are flowing from the surrounding areas of Dhaka and surrounding areas. In today’s episode we will discuss about the process of cultivating a flower.
- A mild climate is required for the growth and development of the flower.
- The optimum temperature range is 8-20 degrees Celsius for its spread.
- Temperatures above 4 ° C reduce the growth of plants, which affects the size and number of flowers.
- In severe winter the plants and flowers are affected by the cold.
Species and Cultivation
Only 5 species of mattress are cultivated all over the country. These are:
- Tagetes erecta – African pears: cultivating it for medicinal, festive and decorative purposes. This plant reaches a height of 3-5 cm (25-5 inches). The range of colors can range from white and cream, to yellow, golden and orange.
- Tagetes patula – French apricot: It is a perennial flower, which sometimes grows up to several meters. The stem is reddish-brown and the leaves of the tree are darker than African mammals. The color of the flowers changes from yellow to red.
- Tagetes tenufolia – Cognata: This is a dwarf and shrub.
- Tagetes lucida – Sweet aromatic rhinoceros plants are tender, perennial, leaves clear and small. Flowers are usually seen in 2-3 veins.
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- The rhinoceros can grow on different soil types because it can be adapted to different types of soil.
- French (dwarf) mattress is most commonly cultivated in light soils where soil drainage is good, moist soil suitable for African (long) maize cultivation.
- When cultivating in tubs or containers, a mixture of one-third of two teaspoons of clay or two teaspoons of soil should be made by mixing manure with soil. This fertilizer should be filled with soil or in containers or polybags.
- The pH is important to have a pH of 1.5 to 1.0.
Preparation of land
For cultivation on land, it should be well cultivated and then 25-25 tonnes of dung should be mixed per hectare.
- The two most common methods of seed production are seeding and cutting.
- Plants grown from seed are tall, bulky and heavy, and therefore it is better to breed with seeds than to cut.
Growth in the nursery
- Rhinoceros seeds are black and durable for about 3-2 years to produce seedlings.
- Seeds germinate within 3-5 days. To prevent damp conditions before sowing, Captain 2 gm / kg seed treatment should be done.
- Seeds should be sown in pots, seed boxes or nursery beds.
- Nursery beds need to be dug and mixed with good rotten cow dung.
- Before sowing, the Captain should be sprinkled on the ground to avoid ants.
- The seeds should be thin (2-5 cm row) and sown 2 cm deep.
- Nursery beds must remain moist throughout the period.
- The amount of seed depends on its purity and germination rate.
- Generally in summer and monsoon, nurseries need 20-30 grams of seed / acre for growth, and 8-20 grams per acre are needed during the winter season.
- Seeds are planted in one hectare of land, which requires about 1.5-5.5 kg seeds, but in the case of hybrids, 25 g / ha. Seeds germinate within 3-5 days.
- Seeds germinate within 3-5 days after sowing and are ready for transplantation 3-5 weeks after sowing.
Planting of seedlings
- Seedlings are easily transplanted and their mortality rate is very low when transplanting the land.
- At the time of transplanting, they should have 4-5 leaves.
- Thin and tall shrubs do not produce good trees.
- It is not possible to get the desired yield even from very old plants.
- Saplings should be planted in well-prepared soil and the soil should be pressed around the main area so as not to create aeration gap.
- Light irrigation should be given after planting.
- The density of the plant depends mainly on the variety of plant growth practices, cultivation process and soil type.
- In general, the distance from one tree to another for French rhinoceros should be 5 cm x 4 cm and for African marigolds it should be 3 cm x 4 cm.
- Proper spacing between plants is essential for improved growth and flowering of the plant.
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- Good roasted cow dung should be mixed before cultivating 25 tonnes / ha.
- The additional recommended NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potash) fertilizer dose will be 1: 3: 1.
- Half of the nitrogen must be filled and applied as basal dose, supplementing potash and phosphorus, one week after planting.
- The residual amount of nitrogen should be 3-5 days after planting.
- Zinc and boron are also required for the quality and yield of marigold flowers.
- Weed is a major problem in the cultivation of mattresses, especially in the monsoon. If weed is not removed in a timely manner, there is a great loss in terms of growth and productivity.
- It is necessary to clean the weeds by hand 4-5 times during the whole growth.
- Weeding should be done only when needed.
- Irrigation is provided once a week or when needed.
- Care should be taken not to over water the ground.
- Give water to the trees for 3-5 days, but the frequency and quantity of water depends on the type of soil and the season. Light soil requires more frequent irrigation from heavy soil.
- In summer it is required to irrigate after 3-5 days interval, in winter, 3 days in winter.
- During the monsoon the soil should be irrigated according to moisture.
Regular irrigation should be maintained from mukul formation to flower collection.
Pruning and soil management
- After three weeks of planting, the soil should be reversed and then again after one week or one month after planting.
- Pruning should be followed to grow the stems of the tree and develop the lateral branches.
- Pruning is usually done for 5 days after transplantation.
- Flower production increases.
Collection of flowers
- The flowers take 3-5 days after transplanting in the tub or on the ground.
- Depending on the variety, the flowers are harvested to achieve full size.
- It is best to take flowers in the morning.
- Irrigation before flowering gives rise to flower quality.
- Regularly growing flowers and removing dried flowers will increase yields.
- The loose flowers are packed in a bamboo basket, and the stalked flowers are packed and taken to market.
- About 1 to 5 flowers are available from one tree. The floral period is around 6 months.