قل يأيها ٱلكافرون (1) لآ أعبد ما تعبدون (2) ولآ أنتم عابدون مآ أعبد (3) ولآ أنا عابد ما عبدتم (4) ولآ أنتم عابدون مآ أعبد (5) لكم دينكم ولي دين (6)
(1) Qul yaa ayyuhal kaafiruun (a)
(2) Laa a’budu maa ta’buduun (a)
(3) Wa laumum ‘aabiduuna maa – a’bud (u)
(4) Wa laa-‘ aabidummaa ‘abadtum
(5) Wa laaumum’ aabiduuna maa a’bud u)
(6) Lakum was sentenced by waliya in (i)
(1) Say: “O you disbelievers (2) I will not worship what you worship (3) And you are not worshipers of the God whom I worship (4) And I have never been a worshiper of what you worship (5 ) and you have never (also) been a worshiper of the God I worship (6) Your religion for you and my religion for me ”
|ٱلۡكَا فِرُوْنَ||= infidels|
|لَآ أَعۡبُدُ||= I do not worship|
|عَابِدٞ||= a worshiper|
|مَا تَعۡبُدُوْنَ / مَّا عَبَدْتُّمۡ||= what you / you worship|
|لَكُمۡ دِينُكُمۡ||= for you your religion|
|وَلِيَ دِيْنِ||= and for me my religion|
Tajweed Read Law in QS. al-Kafirun
When reading the Koran, of course we must start with the procedures that are polite and polite. Among them is to read isti ‘ adzah or ta ‘ awudz , followed by reading basmalah . This courtesy is of course we cannot let go of learning and reading QS. al-Kafirun above.
In QS. al-Kafirun above, there are some recitation recitation laws that we need to know and study. Among other things about the law reading mad (long), qalqalah (bouncing), ikhfa (hum or vague), and idzhar (clear).
First , the law of reading mad (long).
Reading mad (length) is when no punctuation fathah () meet with the letter aleph that berharakat breadfruit ( ا ), then punctuation kasrah () meet with the letter ya ‘ that berharakat breadfruit ( ي ), as well as punctuation dhamah ( ) meet with the letter wawu who has breadfruit community ( وْ )
Mad reading (long) here there are only two beats, there are also five beats. This mad (long) reading is in the sentence:
(two beats) دِيْ نُكُمۡ, أَعۡبُدُ مَا , تَعۡبُ دُوْ نَ
(five beats) وَ لَآ أَنَا۠, قُلۡ يَٰٓأَ يُّهَا
Second , the law of reading ikhfa (hum or vague)
Ikhfa reading (hum or cryptic) in QS. al-Kafirun This is the meeting of nun breadfruit or vowel tanwin ( ن / ) with one letter ikhfa numbering 15. In the QS. al-Kafirun this letter is intended ikhfa namely, the letter ta ‘( ت ). The reading of ikhfa ‘(cryptic or hum) is in the sentence:
وَلَآ أَنتُ مۡ ,
Third , the law recites qalqalah (bounces)
Qalqalah reading law (bouncing) in the QS. al-Kafirun is included in the qalqalah Kubra , where the letter qalqalah , the letter dal ( د ) is located at the end of the verse. The recitation of the qalqalah (bounces) is in the sentence:
… أَعۡ بُدُ ٣
Fourth , the law of reading idzhar (clear)
For the reading law of idzhar (clear) in this letter al-Kafirun, there is the reading law of idzhar syafawi , that is when the mim sukun letter ( مْ ) meets with hijaiyah letters other than the mim letter ( م ) and ba ‘ ( ب ). This idzhar reading is in the sentence:
لَكُ مۡ دِ ينُكُ مۡ وَ لِيَ دِيْنِ
A Brief Description of QS. al-Kafirun
Surah al-Kafirun in the Qur’an ranks 109th in the letter, this letter falls into the category of Makkiyah Surah , which is a letter sent down in the city of Mecca. Surah al-Kafirun was revealed after Surah al-Ma’un and before Surah al-Fiil, and consists of six verses. The name al-Kafirun is given, because it is taken from one of the words contained in the first verse.
This Surat al-Kafirun also tells us all about the loss of the hopes of the Quraish of Mecca, at which time Muslims did not want to follow or replace the faith and belief they had professed, with the teachings of the Quraysh of Mecca.
Prophet Muhammad SAW. upholding the principles in Islam. He did not want to follow the invitations of worship of the Quraysh, because the rules and procedures for worshiping between different religions are not allowed to be mixed up or exchanged at will.
Moral Messages in QS. al-Kafirun
In QS. al-Kafirun that has been described above, of course if we want to examine together more thoroughly, there must be some messages that are very useful for all of us Muslims. Then, what are these important messages?
The following important messages are contained in the QS. al-Kafirun:
- The beliefs and beliefs held by Islam are certainly different from other religions.
- Although different beliefs or beliefs, we as human beings, must still maintain harmony, brotherhood and mutual respect for the beliefs of others who are different, and must not harass one another.
- An order to uphold a religion that he already believes in, without exchanging it with other religions
- Invitations to always maintain tolerance between religious people of different faiths
- Islam acknowledges the existence of a different religion or belief, but not the truth
Hopefully with a discussion of readings, vocabulary explanations, brief descriptions, and moral messages contained in the QS. al-Kafirun above, can provide motivation and enthusiasm for all of us to always maintain tolerance, mutual respect, unite in maintaining religious harmony, nation and state in our beloved country