Quail is known as a race of birds that can not fly high. Poultry which is a family of Phasianidae have relatively small body characteristics, short wings, and small legs but are very agile in running.
Quail farming was first tried in the United States around 1870, while in Indonesia it started getting popular around the 80s. In the cultivation of quail, the products are eggs for consumption, as well as meat, feathers for crafts, and manure for natural fertilizers.
How to Cultivate Quail
The first thing to pay attention to is the selection of a location for cultivation, namely a location away from the crowd, not a place that is often flooded with water, and has good air circulation. Next is the preparation of the cage and its equipment, maintenance activities, and the harvesting process.
- Provision of Cages
Cages are made in several types according to the stages of livestock growth, namely cages for laying broodstock, pens for nurseries, starter pens (quail less than 3 weeks), cages for grower quails (3-6 weeks), and cages. layer (quail aged over 6 weeks). The size of the cage is usually 2 meters x 1 meter with a height of 40-50cm.
While the height of the feet with the base of the cage is about 30cm. The cage can accommodate 100-200 quail chicks. The cage material used is generally from ram wire netting with an iron or wood frame. Equipment in the cage that must be provided includes a place to eat, a place to drink, a heating lamp 30-60 watts, and a place to lay eggs for the mother of the quail. The cage should be placed in a location that has good air circulation, humidity ranges from 30-60%, and sunlight can enter sometimes.
- Quail Selection and Maintenance
In choosing quail depending on the goals to be achieved. If the farm prioritizes the production of consumption of eggs, then the seeds chosen are healthy and slightly fat female types of quail. Meanwhile, if meat production is prioritized, then choose male quail and afkiran laying quail.
Meanwhile, if the business is being carried out prioritizing breeding (hatching eggs), then the type of male quail that is agile and ready to fertilize with healthy female quail is good. The next stage is maintenance activities which include feeding, cage sanitation, and disease control.
There are a variety of feeds that can be given, either from factory processed or natural feed or by mixing the two, for example milled corn, rice bran, and factory pellets with a ratio of 1: 1: 3 to meet protein, fat, fiber, calcium, phosphorus, and so on. For sanitation, the cage needs to be cleaned at least 3 days and spraying disenfactants once a week.
The types of diseases that usually attack quail include: worms, tetelo (NCD Tetelo vaccination), aspergillosis, colitis, dysentery, white stool, and chicken pox. Providing healthy food, clean cage, and vitamins are the keys to success.
- Quail Harvest
The main product of this poultry business is eggs which are usually sold for consumption. Each mother quail can produce 200-300 eggs per year. So, if you keep 100 female quail sires, the result is 20,000 – 30,000 eggs every year.
Generally, the processed quail eggs are boiled eggs with a selling price at the consumer level of around Rp. 2,000 for 5 items. Meanwhile, the by-products that are also used are meat, feathers for handicraft materials, and manure as plant fertilizer.