QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS Server;Complete Review And Analysis

We present a complete analysis of the QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server , the top-of-the-range model of the tower-type manufacturer QNAP, and this equipment has state-of-the-art hardware to provide the best possible performance, both in storage and file transfer , as well as to run multiple virtual machines simultaneously. A very important feature of this new NAS server is that it has the possibility of installing the QTS 5.0 operating system or the QuTS hero 5.0 operating system, we must remember that the latter operating system incorporates the ZFS file system, one of the most advanced that exist. Do you want to know all the features and the real performance of this high performance NAS server?

Main features;QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS Server;Complete Review And Analysis

This new high-performance NAS server is aimed at very advanced home users who want to have the best and most powerful on the market, it is also designed for audio and video professionals because it has a large storage capacity. Of course, it is aimed at any company that needs to have the best NAS server that currently exists, both in storage capacity and in raw power. A very important aspect is that this TVS-h1288X model has a “big brother”, and that is that the TVS-h1688X model has more storage capacity than the TVS-h1288x, specifically a total of four additional bays to accommodate hard drives in its inside.

Processor and RAM characteristics

This TVS-h1288X has a powerful Intel Xeon W-1250 processor with 6 cores and 12 processing threads , it works at a speed of 3.3GHz but goes up to 4.7GHz in Turbo Boost mode. This processor belongs to the high-end NAS server processors, it has a 64-bit x86 architecture and floating point unit. A very important feature of the new processors is AES-NI hardware encryption acceleration, this functionality allows us to have read and write transfer rates as high as if they were not encrypted, we have the possibility of encrypting both shared folders (Dataset) and obtaining great speed, in addition, it is also used if we use transfer protocols of files such as FTPES and SFTP without compromising download and upload speeds. Nowadays, to protect our security, it is essential to use data encryption, either on the disk itself as well as when transferring data through the local network or the Internet.

Another very important feature that this processor incorporates is that it has an integrated GPU (graphics processor) , specifically the Intel UHD Graphics P630 . Thanks to the incorporation of this GPU, we are going to have hardware-accelerated transcoding , therefore, the performance that we will obtain if we use the transcoding of Plex Media Server will be much higher than if the main processor did, in addition, thanks to the incorporation of GPU when it comes to transcoding will not affect CPU usage too much, ideal for doing other tasks. We must also bear in mind that, by incorporating a GPU, we have an HDMI 1.4b to 4K and 60Hz port for video output, so we can use this NAS as a multimedia player.

The RAM that is installed in this NAS is 2 x 8GB DDR4 ECC, therefore, we have 16 GB of RAM capacity. This model allows the expansion of RAM memory up to 128GB of DDR4 ECC RAMIn 4 x 32GB DDR4 ECC configuration, in this way, we can run a large number of processes without RAM problems. If you are going to intensively use this NAS server for deduplication with ZFS, for Virtualization Station where you can run different virtual machines, and also Container Station for Docker containers, we recommend expanding the RAM memory to at least 32GB capacity. In our analysis you will see that we have expanded the RAM memory up to 64GB DDR4 ECC. Another very important aspect is that the RAM must be of the ECC type, that is, with error correction, so that the ZFS file system works correctly and provides us with the best possible data integrity.

As for the internal memory of this NAS (Flash memory), it has the same capacity of 5GB as always, with double boot protection of the operating system, to avoid problems with updates or that the operating system is corrupted.

Storage features

This new QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server is very complete at the storage level, if you need a server that has many bays for hard drives or SSDs, this model together with the TVS-h1688X is one of the best you can buy due to the large number of bays. This NAS server has the following storage inside:

  • 8 bays to house internal 3.5 “hard drives : these bays will allow us to install 3.5″ hard drives, 2.5 “hard drives with the corresponding screws, and also allow us to configure 2.5” SSD drives .
  • 4 bays to house 2.5 “disks : in these bays we can install both hard disks and 2.5″ SSD units, in this case we will not need any type of screws to adjust the trays to the disks, QNAP has designed a system so no tools are needed.
  • 2 M.2 22110/2280 NVMe PCIe 3.0 x4 slots : thanks to these ultra-fast SSD drives we can use them as a storage set for the system or virtual machines, but we can also use them for SSD cache acceleration. QNAP allows us both possibilities.

As you have seen, this equipment is really complete at the storage level, we must not forget that we could expand this storage with external expansion boxes connected via USB 3.2 Gen 2 at 10Gbps to this equipment, so if it falls short, You can always use this type of device for mass storage.

Connectivity features

This NAS server at the connectivity level is one of the most complete that we can buy today, both in its Ethernet ports as well as the USB ports that this model has. Regarding connectivity at the network level, we have:

  • 10G network card with two 10G ports pre-installed . This network card is installed by default in a PCIe 3.0 x8 port, and it will provide us with a speed of up to 20Gbps Full-Duplex. The operating system allows us to configure these ports in Link Aggregation to increase the performance of the trunk link, of course, we could also configure the Jumbo Frames to 9K to optimize the data transfer to the maximum.
  • 4 2.5G Multigigabit ports . Thanks to these four 2.5G Multigigabit ports that we have on the back, we can have great connectivity and also perform Link Aggregation and activate the Jumbo Frames at 9K.

As you can see, we have a total of 6 Ethernet ports, so we could internally configure a router so that our NAS server is responsible not only for functioning as a NAS, but also as a router using the virtualized pfSense operating system in Virtualization Station.

Regarding the USB ports that this NAS server incorporates, it is one of the most complete that currently exists, because not only do we have many USB ports but they are one of the fast ones as they incorporate the latest standard. This NAS has the following USB ports:

  • 1 USB 3.2 Gen 2 10Gbps Type-A port on the front of the NAS, with quick backup button.
  • 2 USB 3.2 Gen 2 10Gbps Type-A ports on the back of the server.
  • 2 USB 3.2 Gen 2 10Gbps Type-C ports on the back of the server.

Thanks to these ultra-fast ports, we can transfer data to the NAS and from the NAS really quickly, so as not to have any type of bottleneck in the data interface.

Other characteristics of this model is that it has three PCIe 3.0 ports , the first of which is a PCIe 3.0 x8 that is occupied by the 10G network card with dual 10G ports, the other two ports are PCIe 3.0 x4 and are free to use. No problem. Thanks to these ports, we could equip the NAS server with a Thunderbolt 3 card and much more.

This model for units manufactured before 2021 had an audio input and also an audio output, but as of 2021 they do not incorporate this functionality. What we do have is the HDMI 1.4b to 4K and 60Hz port that we have explained to you in the processor part. Thanks to this port we can have video output and use the NAS as a multimedia player.

OS

The operating system that comes in this NAS server by default is QuTS hero, however, we would also have the possibility to install the usual QTS. This model, as it has ECC RAM memory, is compatible with both operating systems, but we recommend using QuTS hero because we have the ZFS file system, which is one of the most advanced that currently exists. ZFS allows us to create many datasets (shared folders in QNAP), the possibility of having up to 65536 native snapshots of the file system, real-time compression to save storage space, and we will also have real-time deduplication to save even more space. A very important aspect is that, if you enable deduplication, you will save storage space but it is RAM memory intensive on the NAS.

The graphical user interface, supported applications and everything else is exactly the same between QTS and QuTS hero, so the only thing that really changes is the file system and the storage part.

Once we know the main characteristics of this NAS, let’s see the external analysis of this NAS.

External analysis

This new QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server comes in a large box because the equipment is really large, we must bear in mind that it has a large number of bays to house hard drives, and it is very high-end. On the front of the box we will find the typical sticker with the model of the equipment and its main technical specifications, such as the incorporation of an Intel Xeon processor, 16GB of expandable RAM, integration of 10G and 2.5G Multigigabit ports, we also have the number of bays for hard drives and SSDs, as well as NVMe SSDs inside. It will also indicate that we can install expansion cards thanks to the fact that we have two PCIe 3.0 x4 ports, in addition, it has the QuTS hero operating system with the ZFS file system and all that this implies. Finally,

At the top of the box is where we are going to find the MAC addresses of all the network cards that we have in the NAS server, we must remember that we have a total of 6 Ethernet ports, two of them 10GBASE-T and the another four are 2.5G Multigigabit.

Inside we can see the NAS server perfectly protected against any blow, right inside we will have both the NAS server as well as all the documentation and accessories. The content of this server is as follows:

  • QNAP TVS-h1288X
  • Power cable with shucko connector
  • Cat6A Ethernet network cable with shielded RJ-45 connectors
  • Two heatsinks for NVMe SSDs
  • Two keys to lock and unlock the hard drive and SSD bays
  • Screws to install the drives perfectly to the bays, although they are optional
  • Low-profile bracket for the 10GBASE-T network card pre-installed in the NAS
  • Documentation: Quick Installation Guide, Extended Product Warranty, and Limited Equipment Warranty Instructions.

In the following gallery you can see all the content in detail:

In the quick installation guide of this NAS server we can learn how to remove the 3.5 “hard disk bays and install disks of this size and also 2.5” that need screws, in addition, it will also teach us how to remove the bay 2.5 ”and install SSD drives. Of course, we will also see how the disk bays are locked and unlocked, how to remove the top case of the NAS and access all its components, as well as how to install the M.2 SSDs. Finally, we can see the NAS connected to a switch, and this to a PC to access it via the web.

Regarding the accessories built into the NAS server, we have the typical power cable that we always have in high-end NAS. We will also find a Cat6A network cable and with shielded RJ-45 connectors, thanks to this cable we can achieve a speed of 10Gbps without any problem, it is a detail that QNAP has incorporated a high-end network cable and not the typical Cat6 or Cat5e cable that we all know.

We also have two heatsinks for the M.2 NVMe SSDs that we can install internally, the two keys to lock and unlock the NAS server bays, we also have each and every one of the screws that we might need to perfectly anchor the hard drives to the bays. from the NAS. Finally, we have the low-profile bracket of the 10GBASE-T card with its corresponding retaining screw.

The first thing that strikes us about this QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server is that physically it is almost the same as the TS-1277, it has very few differences. In the front part is where we will find the four bays for hard drives and 2.5 ”SSDs, we can also see the status of the M.2 SSD units with the status LEDs, we can see a small LCD screen with two buttons with which we can interact easily and quickly. We can also see the 8 bays to house the 3.5 ”hard drives inside, a power button for the NAS server, a fast copy button with the 10Gbps USB 3.2 Gen 2 port, and also a strip of blue LEDs. when it turns on it will indicate that it is on and working perfectly.

On the right side we can see a sticker with the exact model of the equipment and the main specifications, in addition, we can see the logo of QuTS hero, the operating system that incorporates this NAS server.

What does catch our attention with respect to the QNAP TS-1277 that we have previously analyzed are the bays for the hard drives and the SSD or 2.5 ”hard drives, because now they come with a locking and unlocking system. This function is ideal to avoid unintentionally removing the bays, to remove a bay we will have to unlock it and then extract it, in this way, it is not as direct as in the TS-1277 that there was no blockage, and that in case of mistake we could have data loss.

As for the 10Gbps USB 3.2 Gen 2 port that we have on the front, it is great news that this NAS incorporates all the fast USB ports, and taking into account the hardware that this equipment incorporates, we are sure that the performance will be simply excellent.

On the right side of the NAS and on the left side we do not find any port or any button, which is normal in this type of professional network devices. What we will see will be the typical NAS installation sticker that will make the task much easier, however, we will configure it through the local network and entering via the web.

The 3.5 “and 2.5” bays are the same as always, they will allow us to put the hard drives and SSDs without the need for any tools, in this way, we can fix the bays to the drives without the need for any screwdrivers. kind, something really useful. However, our recommendation is that if you are not going to be changing disks continuously, do put the corresponding screws on the 3.5 ”hard disks in order to fix them perfectly.

At the back of this NAS server is where we are going to find the rest of the server connections. At the top we can see the card with two 10GBASE-T ports that comes pre-installed in this equipment, this card is installed in the PCIe 3.0 x8 port that incorporates the NAS server, thanks to this network card we can make trunk links of up to 20Gbps Full Duplex to transfer data at a very high speed. We can also see two USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports at 10Gbps type A and another two USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports at 10Gbps type C, it is one of the first NAS to incorporate all USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports at 10Gbps, so we can obtain a great performance in this regard.

Just below the USB ports is where we will see the four high-performance 2.5G Multigigabit ports, thanks to these four ports we could make a trunk link of up to 10Gbps Full Duplex, in addition, it allows you to configure it with Jumbo Frames through the QuTS hero operating system. Finally, we can also see the HDMI output port to use HybridDesk Station and use this server as a multimedia player, in addition, we will have the typical Kensington connector to prevent theft.

This NAS server has a total of 3 PCIe 3.0 ports, one of them is PCIe 3.0 x8 and is already occupied by the 10GBASE-T Multigigabit network card, the other two PCIe 3.0 x4 ports are available to install expansion cards such as the ones Thunderbolt 3 among others. In this back area is where we can see the two available slots to install more cards and expand the functionality of the NAS server.

This NAS server also stands out for having a total of 3 fans to extract the hot air from the interior of the server, in addition, hot air will also come out in the grille on the bottom left that comes directly from the fans for the main processor. Of course, we also have an additional fan in the power supply to keep it well cooled, as well as in the 10GBASE-T network card, therefore, this equipment is prepared for environments where maximum performance is required.

To carry out this analysis of the QNAP TVS-h1288X, we are going to install the following storage and RAM:

  • We expanded the RAM to 64GB, using two Kingston Server Premier 32GB DDR4 3200 MHz ECC CL22 DR X8 modules.
  • Installation of 2 M.2 SSD NVme Samsung 970 EVO Plus units of 1TB each.
  • Installation of 2 SSD 2.5 »Kingston DC500M units of 960GB each.
  • Installation of 4 hard drives of 10TB each, Toshiba N300 model that is specifically designed for NAS servers.

Thanks to the expansion of RAM (from 16GB that are pre-installed to 64GB) we will be able to run a large number of virtual machines and not have any problems. We will also have a large internal storage with SSD cache acceleration, and we will even have a storage pool with all SSDs for the system and virtual machines.

The installation of the 3.5 “and 2.5” drives has no difficulty, in addition, we can do it without screws in the usual 2.5 “bays, and optionally without screws in the 3 bay. 5”.

Once we have seen this new high-performance NAS server externally, we are going to remove the upper case and access each and every one of its internal components to see how the RAM memory is expanded and also to see how the RAM can be installed. M.2 NVMe SSDs.

Internal analisis

Removing the top case from this NAS server is as simple as ever. We will simply have to remove the seven screws that we have at the back, drag the case towards us and then lift it to access each and every one of its components. At the top the first thing we will see will be the 10GBASE-T network card with two ports that is already pre-installed in the PCIe 3.0 x8 port, we will also be able to see all the power supply cables and even the interior of the bays of the hard drives.

On the right side (if we look at it from the front) is where we have the two fans to properly cool the processor of this equipment, we must remember that it is a high-performance Intel Xeon, so we must have a very good cooling to avoid problems with temperatures. We will also find in this area the two PCIe 3.0 x4 ports that we have free and available to install expansion cards of this high-performance NAS server.

The CPU fan can be easily removed by removing the screw that we have in the upper area, and remove it very carefully so as not to damage it or damage any component. Inside this fan we can see the RAM memory banks, this NAS server has a total of 4 DDR4 ECC memory banks. We can also see the two M.2 NVMe slots that we have available on this NAS, and that its installation does not need any type of tool or screw, because it is already prepared to anchor it perfectly and have no problems.

Replacing the pre-installed RAM memory is very simple, we will simply have to remove the old ones and install the new ones in the same memory banks. Once this is done, the NAS server will automatically recognize the new RAM and start using it.

Regarding M.2 NVMe SSDs, it is highly recommended to install the heatsink that comes with the NAS server in the controller part of the SSD, which is what heats up the most when it is at full performance. This is very important to avoid the dreaded Thermal Throttling and the performance of SSD drives to drop when they are above a temperature.

As you have seen, this NAS server inside is really complete, being able to expand the RAM, installing NVMe SSD units and even installing expansion cards via PCIe 3.0 x4.

Test laboratory

This QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server is a high-performance equipment, and in order to be up to speed in the speed tests, it is absolutely necessary to have a high-end PC so that the latter does not have any type of bottleneck. To carry out all the performance tests we have used our main computer with the following hardware:

  • CPU: AMD Ryzen 7 3800X.
  • RAM: 32GB RAM DDR4 3200MHz.
  • Network connectivity: ASUS XG-C100C at 10Gbps.
  • Operating system used in the tests: Windows 10 21H1.

To connect the NAS server to the PC, we have used a high-performance QNAP QSW-M408-4C managed switch , and Cat 8 cabling to have the best possible performance in all tests, in this way, we can maximize the performance of this NAS server.

LAN performance tests

In the LAN performance test, we have used the iPerf 3 tool for Windows operating systems and also Linux, the whole network is at 10Gbps and we have used Jumbo Frames at 9K to maximize the real performance. In the NAS server we have installed the iperf3 application natively to achieve the maximum possible performance.

In this first test we have used the client PC as “iPerf 3 client”, and the QNAP server as “iPerf3 server” using the QuTS hero operating system natively, without virtualization. In this test we will check the performance in “upload”, from the PC to the NAS server.

Now in this second test we have used the PC as the «iperf server» and the QNAP as the «iperf3 client». In this test we will check the performance in “download”, from the NAS server to the PC.

As you can see, we have achieved the expected throughput of 9.8Gbps in this speed test with the QNAP 10Gbps card integrated into the NAS server and the 10Gbps network scenario. The performance is excellent, and we have found that the CPU consumption hardly increases with this test, because the Intel Xeon W-1250 is really powerful.

M.2 NVMe SSD performance tests in RAID 1

In this performance test we have used two M.2 NVme Samsung 970 EVO Plus drives , configured in a RAID 1 storage pool (ZFS Mirror) to protect against a possible failure of one of the drives. If we had configured it in RAID 0 (Stripe), the writing speed would be higher (around twice approximately), but we have the limitation in the 10G network card itself. If we configure the dataset with ZIL in we will never obtain greater performance in writing, so it is advisable to leave it in automatic or never, if we want the best data integrity, then we must configure it in “Always”.

Samba speed test:

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.06GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 420MB / s

FTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.2GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 620MB / s

FTPES speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.1GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 575MB / s

SFTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 325MB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 310MB / s

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are the following with ZIL always:

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are as follows with ZIL in never:

As you can see, the performance is excellent in all the tests, it has been shown that this NAS server is capable of squeezing 10Gbps connectivity without reading problems, in fact, we have a bottleneck in the wired network, because we would be able to get faster reading speed judging by the results. If we configure the ZIL in never or in automatic, we will obtain more speed sacrificing data integrity in case of power failure.

HDD performance tests in RAID 5 without SSD cache

In this performance test we have used four 10TB Toshiba hard drives configured in RAID 5 (RAIDZ-1) and without SSD cache . By having a total of four disks we have different possibilities when configuring the RAIDs, such as RAID 0, RAID 1, RAID 5, RAID 6 or RAID 10, but we have chosen one of the most used to carry out these tests , RAID 5 (RAIDZ-1).

Samba speed test:

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.15GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 420MB / s

FTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 1.0GB / s

FTPES speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 580MB / s

SFTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 320MB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 310MB / s

The performance is again excellent, especially in the FTP test where we have achieved 1GB / s of reading and writing, a magnificent performance.

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are as follows with ZIL in never:

In the case of using a dataset with data encryption, the speeds we have achieved are the following:

Samba speed test:

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.15GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 410MB / s

FTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 1.1GB / s

FTPES speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 560MB / s

SFTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 320MB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 305MB / s

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are as follows with ZIL in never:

As you have seen, there is hardly any loss of speed in reading and writing if we use data encryption in the dataset or shared folder, so we recommend that you always activate it to protect the confidentiality of your data.

HDD performance tests in RAID 5 + SATA3 SSD cache in RAID 1

In this performance test we have used four 10TB Toshiba N300 hard drives configured in RAID 5 . We have used the two Kingston DC500M SSDs as SSD cache to accelerate the NAS read and / or write performance globally. The NAS configuration wizard for creating SSD cache, the configuration wizard will allow us to configure a RAID 0 for reading or a RAID 1 for reading / writing. In addition, we also have the possibility to accelerate only random I / O or all. The configuration done is to put the SSD cache as RAID 1, with read / write and for all of them.

Samba speed test:

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.15GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 550MB / s

FTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 1.1GB / s

FTPES speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 600MB / s

SFTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 325MB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 310MB / s

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are as follows with ZIL in never:

In the case of using a dataset with data encryption, the speeds we have achieved are the following:

Samba speed test:

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.15GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 600MB / s

FTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 1.1GB / s

FTPES speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 1.26GB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 590MB / s

SFTP speed test

  • Read (NAS to PC): 320MB / s
  • Write (PC to NAS): 315MB / s

The results achieved with CrystalDiskMark 7 are as follows with ZIL in never:

As you have seen, if we use SSD cache we will gain some speed in writing, in the case of reading we have the limitation in the 10G network, so we have not been able to verify the difference in performance in this scenario. However, we believe that QNAP should improve the SSD cache management because we believe that the write performance should be better with the SSD cache.

USB 3.2 Gen 2 Performance Testing with FileStation

Another test that we have carried out is reading and writing with the USB 3.2 Gen 2 port that we have available on the NAS server, we have both USB 3.2 Gen 2 type A and also type C ports, to perform backups very quickly. In these tests we have used an ASUS ROG Strix ARION and an M.2 NVMe SSD with the aim of not having any type of bottleneck. This case supports USB Type A and also USB Type C, therefore we have tested it in both scenarios.

Speed ​​tests on USB 3.2 Gen 2 port at 10Gbps type A:

  • Read: 495MB / s (SSD to NAS)
  • Write: 880MB / s (SSD to NAS)

Speed ​​tests on USB 3.2 Gen 2 port at 10Gbps Type C:

  • Read: 480MB / s (SSD to NAS)
  • Write: 860MB / s (SSD to NAS)

As you have seen, we have a very high speed, reaching in writing speed up to almost the promised theoretical 10Gbps, a really spectacular speed to achieve 880MB / s in writing. If we want to achieve maximum speed, it is absolutely necessary to have an M.2 NVMe SSD in a case of this style.

QuTS hero operating system

This new QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server has the possibility to install the QTS operating system or the QuTS hero version, we have installed the QuTS hero version by having the ZFS file system, the best file system to protect the integrity of the data that is contained within the NAS server. Of course, once we have installed the operating system, we will have to enter its administration via the web with the user “admin”, and the password will be the MAC address in capital letters. If you are going to follow the configuration wizard and you are going to configure QuTS hero from scratch, you will see that by default the “admin” user is no longer enabled, you will have to create an administrator account with another user name.

In the main menu of this operating system we can see the shortcuts to the different applications that are installed on the NAS server, the graphical user interface has improved a lot compared to previous versions of QTS.

In the “Storage and snapshots” section we can see all the storage pools and also the shared folders (dataset in ZFS), we can also see in real time all the installed SSDs and hard drives, as well as their main characteristics with the brand and model, as well as storage capacity. In these menus we can see the global status of all NAS server storage.

We will also be able to see where a certain disk is installed, with the aim of replacing the storage if we need it. Of course, we will have all the shared folders with the two options of a dataset in ZFS: compression and deduplication. In order to save storage space, our recommendation is that you always enable compression, however, deduplication consumes a large amount of RAM, so we must take it into account if we are going to use it.

If you want to see how the storage pools are configured in QNAP, you can see it in our complete video:

In the «Control Panel» is where we can access all the configuration and customization options of the NAS server, you will be able to see the same options as always of QTS and other QNAP NAS servers. The only different thing in this section is that we will not have the native FTP server in the operating system, now it is separated in its own application called QuFTP. This application will allow us to make much more advanced configurations than before, so we must take it into account.

One of the applications that we like the most to be able to configure the network to our liking is «Virtual and network switch». In this application we have the possibility of carrying out complex configurations at the network level, creating “Virtual Switch” and using different virtual machines in each one that you have created. For example, in the following screenshot you can see the configuration if we want to use the pfSense operating system as the main router on our NAS server, with the different network interfaces configured in detail.

If you are interested in configuring your QNAP NAS with a pfSense to use it as a router, here you can see the whole process:

Regarding the applications that we have available in the App Center, we have the usual main applications, with the possibility of installing additional software compatible with the x86 architecture since we use an Intel processor. We can install additional software such as iPerf3 or Transmission natively on the NAS, however, we could also use Container Station to configure different Docker and use many more applications to make the most of the equipment’s hardware.

One of the most important applications for a high-end QNAP NAS server is Virtualization Station, because it gives us the ability to virtualize entire operating systems with excellent performance. We will be able to virtualize Windows, Linux and even UNIX operating systems based on FreeBSD, the compatibility is really high and the operation is really good. We have advanced options such as taking virtual machine snapshots, making backup copies and even exporting the virtual machine.

Although the VPN servers are not installed by default, we do have QVPN 3, the application that includes all the VPN servers and clients that QNAP currently has. In this application we can use different VPN servers such as QBelt, PPTP, L2TP / IPsec, OpenVPN and the new WireGuard that will provide us with excellent performance.

In the drop-down menu we will find all the installed applications, either by default or that we have installed ourselves. In the case of QuTS hero we cannot use QVR Pro because it is not compatible, but we do have QVR Elite with the same features and capabilities as the popular video surveillance software.

If you are concerned about your data and want to make local or remote backups (to another NAS, another server or in the cloud), thanks to HBS3 we can make very advanced backups, in order to protect our data locally or external. This application has compatibility with different protocols, and full integration with dozens of solutions in the cloud. It has deduplication of the backups, and it provides us with programs for Windows, Linux and macOS to undo the deduplication and access the data.

Another really useful application is HybridMount, this application will allow us to make local and external mounts via FTP and other protocols on the NAS server. We can use our NAS as a cache of an external server, to later synchronize it automatically. This solution is ideal for using cloud services as well as local services.

So far we have arrived with our analysis of the QNAP TVS-h1288X, a top-of-the-range NAS server with a very high performance and a large number of possibilities, thanks to its use of the QuTS hero operating system with the ZFS file system, the most advanced available. currently exists. Once we have seen the real performance of this team, we are going to make a list of strengths and weaknesses.

Strengths

  • Excellent materials in the NAS server box and the bays for SSDs and hard drives.
  • It is one of the best NAS that we can buy for its hardware, with an Intel Xeon W-1250 processor and 64GB of RAM.
  • It includes 4 ports 2.5G Multigigabit for the LAN with Link Aggregation, plus the 2 ports 10GBASE-T Multigigabit with Link Aggregation.
  • It has two M.2 NVMe slots to use it as an SSD cache or as storage.
  • Excellent performance both in reading and writing, whether in Samba, FTP, FTPES and SFTP. With the AES encrypted shared folder the speed is also optimal.
  • Excellent performance in 9.8Gbps local network thanks to the 10GBASE-T card, which is expected because its hardware is high-end.
  • Excellent RAID 5 performance with 10TB Toshiba N300 hard drives and Kingston DC500M SSD cache , reaching 1200MB / s sequential read and write (FTP only), something spectacular, and the bottleneck is we have 10Gbps on the link.
  • Excellent performance of USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type A and Type C ports, in read and write, reaching up to 480MB / s read and 880MB / s write with USB 3.0.
  • QuTS hero very complete operating system, compatible with ZFS and has all the usual applications such as Virtualization Station, Container Station, HBS3, QVPN3 and many more applications that we can install for free.
  • It has HDMI output because the processor has an integrated GPU.
  • PCIe 3.0 x4 ports available to install more cards like Thunderbolt 3 or USB.
  • Free applications for mobile devices that allow us to carry out any action, they are very intuitive and with a very renewed and intuitive design.
  • The fans are very quiet, the cooling of the internal components is optimal and nothing is heated.
  • Price: outstanding, this model is worth around € 2,800 with 16GB of RAM. A high price, but the best QNAP has today.

Weak points

  • None remarkable.

Last conclusions

This QNAP TVS-h1288X NAS server is the best of the year 2021 without a doubt, it is the best you can find in the professional field, because this equipment is aimed at small and medium-sized companies due to its hardware characteristics, and also its high price of almost € 3,000. This equipment is not only very powerful with the built-in hardware, but it also has expansion capabilities thanks to its available PCIe ports and a large number of bays, both for hard drives and SSD drives.

This model incorporates a powerful Intel Xeon W-1250 processor with up to 128GB of RAM, in our case we have installed 64GB of RAM, more than enough to run several virtual machines simultaneously and not have problems. The reason for allowing so much RAM is that the ZFS file system when we use deduplication, consumes a lot of RAM, so the more RAM the better it will work. This model is ideal for development environments where we are going to use Docker containers or full virtualization of operating systems, since it has a very powerful Intel processor.

The storage capacity is something that we must highlight, and that is that it has 8 bays for 3.5-inch hard drives, 4 bays for 2.5-inch drives and two M.2 NVMe slots, so you never run out of storage space. storage. A very important feature is that the QuTS hero operating system will allow us to configure the SSD and HDD as a storage pool, not just as an SSD cache.

Regarding connectivity, incorporating 4 2.5G Multigigabit ports with Link Aggregation is a very favorable point, since we can create a trunk link of up to 10Gbps without problems, with the aim of transferring a large amount of information through the local network . However, it also comes by default with a QNAP dual port 10GBASE-T Multigigabit card, this will allow us to transfer data with a single network cable at a speed of up to 10Gbps, in addition, it also supports Link Aggregation on these 10G ports. In another high-end model like the TS-1277, we saw that we had 10G connectivity but the card had to be purchased separately. Finally, another aspect to highlight is that all its ports are USB 3.2 Gen 2 at 10Gbps, both those of type A and also those of type C.

We have been using this NAS server intensively for over a month, although we have waited until the final QuTS hero 5.0 release to perform all the performance tests with the latest improvements in stability, speed and security. As you have seen, we have achieved a very high speed in a local network of up to 1.2GB / s in reading and writing. Another aspect that we must highlight is the very high speed we have achieved in the USB 3.2 Gen 2 ports, reaching up to 480MB / s in reading and 880MB / s in writing.

The QuTS hero operating system has the same features as always, we can configure the NAS server in a very advanced way, in addition, thanks to version 5.0 we have very important new features such as support for TLS 1.3, improvements in security, stability and speed as well as support for Teamviewer and we even have the popular WireGuard VPN, one of the fastest VPNs we currently have. Something that we would like to highlight is the «Virtual and network switch», since we can use our NAS server as if it were a router, by being able to install pfSense, OPNsense and even RouterOS to use its Ethernet ports as interfaces of a router.

Finally, another aspect that we must highlight is the HDMI 2.0 port and the GPU acceleration of this equipment, thanks to the integrated GPU we will have hardware transcoding for the video, so we can make the most of the popular Plex Media Server.

This QNAP TVS-h1288X is currently the fastest and most complete NAS that we have tested to date, if we take into account the technical characteristics, the performance achieved and the price of the equipment, the final assessment of RedesZone is as follows:

 

by Abdullah Sam
I’m a teacher, researcher and writer. I write about study subjects to improve the learning of college and university students. I write top Quality study notes Mostly, Tech, Games, Education, And Solutions/Tips and Tricks. I am a person who helps students to acquire knowledge, competence or virtue.

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