When someone is traveling long distances and takes a long time, of course that person may forget the prayer. Indeed, traveling long distances and long distances makes us often inconvenienced to carry out the prayer.
However, in Islam it has its own rules regarding the prayers of people who are traveling far. For those who are traveling in worship their prayers are given relief by spoiling their prayers or offering prayers, or can do both (plural qasar).
Then what is meant by the plural prayers and the qasar prayers ?, And what’s the difference with the five daily prayers that we do at the usual time?
Chapter List ☰
Understanding About Multiple Prayers
Multiple prayers are prayers that combine two fard prayer and are performed at one time, either at the beginning or at the end. In understanding this plural prayer, one must also know in advance what prayers can be multiplied or combined into one time.
The prayer that can be defiled is the Dzuhur prayer with the prayer of Ashar, then the Maghrib prayer with Isha ‘prayer. For example defiling Dzuhur prayers with Ashar prayers. It can be done directly during Dzuhur or Ashar time. Likewise, by condemning the Maghrib prayer and the prayer of Isha ‘, it can be done during the Maghrib or the time of Isha’
Distribution of plural prayers
This plural prayer is divided into two types:
First , the Plural of
Plural Plot is the combination of two obligatory prayers, which is performed at the beginning of the first prayer (initiated)
For example: Dzuhur prayer and Asr prayer, done one time, precisely during the Dzuhur prayer, or Maghrib prayer and Isha ‘prayer which is done during Maghrib prayer
Second , Plural End.
The final plural is the merging of the two obligatory prayers, which is performed during the second (final) prayer.
For example: Dzuhur prayer and Asr prayer which is done during Asr prayer, or Maghrib prayer and Isha prayer ‘which is done when entering Isha time’
Terms and Conditions for Performing Plural Prayers
The legal requirements for abusing this prayer are as follows:
For plural takdim the conditions are:
- Have the intention to perform the plural prayer
- Prayers are done in sequence
- There is no interruption when performing the two obligatory prayers
For the Ending Plural to distinguish is its intention, the rest is equivalent to the condition of plural prayer. When a person wishes to perform his prayer with the takhir plural, then the person must intend to pray the takhir plural first when entering the first prayer.
How to Perform Plural Prayer
The way to perform this plural prayer is like the usual prayer, just to decide whether we will perform the plural or takhir. No matter what the readings, motions, rules and precepts differ from the intention of the prayer.
Persons Allowed to Perform Plural Prayers
Because this plural prayer is one of relief to one. Therefore, not everyone is allowed to perform their prayers in a defamatory manner. There are certain criteria that a person is allowed to perform his fardh prayer by being banned. Among others are:
- Persons with chronic illness or illness.
- People who are in a state of long distance travel or traveler
- People who are in important conditions and situations, so it is not easy for that person to leave.
- People praying in the mosque, and then raining heavily. (Especially since his house is far from the mosque, so it’s a hindrance to coming home)
Also consider: Recognizing Kinds of Water and Types of Unclean
The Meaning of Qasar Prayer
In prayer worship there is a term other than plural prayer, namely qasar prayer. The obligatory prayer is performed by summarizing the number of rak’ahs. As from four rak’ahs to two rak’ahs. For prayers that are less than four, it is not allowed to excuse them. Like Shubuh and Maghrib prayers.
Terms and Conditions of Performing Qasar Prayers
Obtaining this obligatory prayer is certainly not just for anyone. There are legal requirements that make this prayer called qasar prayer, namely:
- Intention to offer prayer
- Prayed prayers are prayers with a total of four rak’ahs. Prayers of Dzuhur, Ashar and Isha ‘
- It is within walking distance of a qasar prayer, over 77 km
- Traveling has a good and true purpose. Like to get acquainted, seek knowledge, trade and more.
For the way of performing this qasar prayer is like dawn prayer, which is two rak’ahs.
People – Allowed to Pray Qasar
As explained in the plural prayer above, this qasar prayer cannot be performed by anyone. There are separate exceptions for those who are allowed to perform the plural prayer and this qasar prayer.
This qasar prayer is applied to those who are sick or those who are traveling far away or when someone is in an unsafe condition.
The meaning of Plural prayer plus Qasar (Plural of Qasar)
For the meaning of the plural prayer qasar is a two-time prayer that is joined together at a time where the number of rakaat is summarized together. The time of this qasar plural prayer itself depends on the person who performs it, whether at the beginning (Jamak Takdim) or at the end (Jamak End)
How to Perform the Qasar Plural Prayer
Based on the plural prayer, the way to perform this prayer is divided into two types:
First , Takdim plural prayers performed with qasar.
For example Dzuhur prayer and Asr prayer, all of which were combined at the time of Dzuhur, and carried out at the time of Dzuhur also. each is only done with two cycles.
Likewise the Maghrib prayer and the Isha prayer ‘means how to perform the Maghrib prayer in the previous Maghrib three rakaat, followed by performing the prayer of’ two rak’ah. All of his movements, recitations and pillars are the same as when performing the obligatory prayer worship, which is different in intention.
Second , the Last Plural Prayer is performed with qasar.
For the plural prayer of takhir performed with this qasar its implementation is the same as the plural of qasar takdim. The only difference is the intention and the time of its execution at the second or last prayer.
For example, the midday prayer combined with the Asr prayer, which is performed during the Asr prayer. So, the way to do it is by praying Dzuhur two rak’ahs followed by Asr prayer two rak’ahs later.
Similarly, the prayer of Maghrib and Isha ‘is the same as the plural of qaddim, but this is done in the end time.
Benefits of Qasar Plural Prayer
After we learn about the material described above, surely there are few benefits that we can take and we can study about how generous God Almighty, who has provided various relief in the act of charity.
Especially about prayer that is a pillar of religion for all of us. The benefits of this qasar plural prayer include:
- Is one of the relief from Allah Almighty, to His servants, so that it becomes its own lesson that the importance of the prayer.
- Making the heart calm, safe and not upset, because it has been carrying out the prayer which is an obligation for all Muslims
- Not inferior and not afraid even when he is in a precarious condition, because the prayer is always maintained
- Make it easy for someone who is sick or has obstacles
- Provides convenience for someone traveling long distances, so it doesn’t take much time.
Hopefully the explanations above can add to our beliefs and beliefs, how important it is for a Muslim to keep up with the five-time prayer service. So that whenever and wherever he always remembers God the Creator of Nature, God Almighty.