Rosemary is a plant known for its aromatic fragrance, and because it has been cultivated for a long time in the gardens of Western Europe, as it is often used culinary . It is a perennial shrub with flowers, which are super attractive and can be a decorative arrangement for the terrace or patio. This genus contains three species native to the Mediterranean, the best known being the common rosemary, also called Rosmarinus officinalis . If you want to enjoy its fragrance and flavor in your favorite dishes, then I tell you how to plant rosemary at home .
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Characteristics of common rosemary
The Rosmarinus officinalis, is an evergreen shrub that can be found in various cities in Europe, especially in the Mediterranean region. In its natural habitat, it can easily reach 1.8 m height or more. If you grow it as a garden or patio plant, you will have to keep it pruned at a height of 1.2 m, with equal expansion.
The stems of common rosemary are woody, with short deep green leaves and rolled edges. The flowers, are tubular and violet-bluish in color, arise in small corsages in spring and summer.
When to plant rosemary
You will have to plant the rosemary in spring , with the appropriate compost, starting with a 15 cm diameter container and changing the pot plant in the next year, to a 20 cm diameter container, to reach a final 25 cm , after which you will have to pay the plant on the surface with a rich compost. Good drainage is essential, so you will have to place a layer of pieces of pot in each container.
Rosemary care in spring and summer
In spring, cut all the dead shoots and the branches and stems that have been damaged by frost, and trim the sprouts that are left over. Then, you will have to prune the bushes that have grown too much to restore their compact form, or you can also do it after it has finished flowering; trim all shoots to half their length. Notice that the flowers arise in the wood of the previous year.
Keep the plant in a sunny and bright place, preferably in a protected place if it is a cold area. Rosemary resists cold air currents and develops much better if you don’t water it frequently; keep the compost only slightly damp, not waterlogged.
Rosemary care in autumn and winter
The flowering of rosemary can continue well into autumn, and it will only be necessary to take a couple of precautions when winter begins. Rosemary is a hardy plant; nevertheless, assure your plant of a place where it can get sun and it is protected against icy winds. Keep the compost dry during autumn and winter, especially on colder days. Keep in mind that the combination of cold and moisture can prove fatal to rosemary.
If you want to spread the rosemary , the first thing you should do is take cuttings that are 10 cm long from the semi-mature young stems in summer. Remove the lower leaves from the stems and immerse the ends where you made the cut in rooting hormones. Put the cuttings in an equal mixture of sand and wet peat. Keep the mixture slightly moist and protected from light, in a chest of drawers, until the shoots have taken root. This usually happens at three or four weeks. Plant the cuttings with roots in 8 cm diameter containers.