Pharmacological treatment of hypertension

A patient is considered hypertensive when you have a systolic pressure of 140 mm Hg and diastolic 90 mm Hg . To reach this conclusion, the doctor must perform two blood pressure measurements. Every three to six months in three different consultations.

Table of contents

  • Treatment objectives of hypertension.
  • Hypertension prevention
  • Cardiovascular risk assessment
  • Medicines for high blood pressure
  • Definition of medication for hypertension.
  • Number of medications for high blood pressure.

TREATMENT OBJECTIVES OF HYPERTENSION.

The main purpose of drug treatment against hypertension. es Low blood pressure , both systolic and diastolic, for values ​​below reference. The secondary objective is to avoid complications High features of hypertension.

HYPERTENSION PREVENTION

In addition to drug treatment, the patient of hypertension should also adopt a set of food and hygiene measures . Every hypertensive patient should follow the measurement regardless of their blood pressure level. It is essential that high blood pressure patients control their weight, cholesterol and glycemic levels, stop using cigarettes, reduce alcohol and salt intake, do regular physical activity and have a balanced diet.

CARDIOVASCULAR RISK ASSESSMENT

Treatment for hypertension should be prescribed after a doctor’s assessment of the patient’s heart risk . This calculation includes age (over 50 in men and 60 in women), smoking (in the current or last three years), diabetes (treated or not), stroke (before age 45), and some form of dyslipidemia.

They should also be taken into account family history traumatic heart attack myocardium or sudden death of first degree relatives. Other risk factors are obesity., Sedentary lifestyle and kidney changes.

MEDICINES FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

Many medicines have been made to control cases of high blood pressure. Among them are diuretics, calcium blockers and beta blockers . Pharmacological treatment prescribed by the doctor depends on the condition or degree of hypertension or potential complications.

DEFINITION OF MEDICATION FOR HYPERTENSION.

The definition of the drug used against hypertension depends on a number of factors, such as the cause and type of hypertension, the efficacy and tolerability of the drug, advantages, and associated risks. The decision depends only and exclusively with the doctor

NUMBER OF MEDICATIONS FOR HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE.

It is recommended to start treatment with this medicine only or a combination of two drugs in low doses. In case of drug resistance, doctors may prescribe two other treatments. Typically waited four weeks using the drug and changes in the patient’s lifestyle to determine if there was resistance to the drug.

In rare cases, when the patient goes to the doctor for his condition, a severe arterial hypertension specialist may prescribe three or more types of medications at first consultation. In most cases, treatment for high blood pressure is carried out for years or even for a lifetime , without the medical authority of the patient. The sudden interruption of treatment can cause the so-called rebound effect and worsen hypertension.

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