Passion fruit is a little-known introductory fruit. Although many of these fruit trees are found in the hilly areas of Bangladesh, it is still a fruit unknown to the people of this country. This is also called tang fruit. Very tasty and rich in vitamin C, the fruit originates in remote Brazil. It is commercially cultivated in Hawaii, New Zealand, Australia, South Africa, Kenya.
Passion fruit is closest to Jhumkara. Its scientific name simulates Parsiflora edulis . It consists of two tribes. The fruit of the first tribe is violet and the other is yellow. The emergence of yellow fruits through mutations from purple fruits.
Passion fruit tree long- spreading woody shrubs , leaves 1-5×12-5 cm. The large flowers are very fragrant and grow in the leaves of the leaves, the fruit is round and smooth, 3-5 cm in diameter, the yellow variety is much larger than the purple varieties.
Passion fruit contains yellowish juices in the inside, which is the consumable part. One gram of fruit yields 5 grams of juice. The yellow, gelatinous, aromatic pulp that covers its seeds can be mixed with water to make a very delicious juice. It can be mixed with other juices as well. Pumps can be processed by preparing ice cream, juice, squash, jam and jelly. It is possible to extract oils rich in pectin and high levels of linoleic acid from seeds and apricots.
Passion fruit ingredient
Juice is 5-7% of the total weight of the fruit. The juice contains 5% water, 0.6% acid, 1.5% whitish, 1.5% affection, 1.5% acid. One third of the acid is citric and the rest is malic acid. Juice contains 12 calories, 8-20A carotene, 25-5 milligrams of vitamin C, 0.5 milligrams of calcium and 0.5 milligrams of iron.
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Climate and soil
Passion fruit is considered as a sub-equatorial fruit. Although its cultivation is also widespread in the equatorial regions. Neither extra hot or extra cold is good for this fruit. The appropriate temperature is 8-12 degrees Celsius. The rainfall disrupts the pollination of flowers. Yellow varieties are more tolerant of heat. So it is cultivated in warm regions like Bangladesh. Passion fruit can be grown on any kind of well-drained soil.
Passion fruit varieties
The highest cultivation of Passion Fruit in Bangladesh is Bari Passion Fruit-1. It is 5.5 cm x 5.5 cm in size. The average weight of the crop is 5 grams and 5 grams of juice are available.
Passion fruit is bred with seeds and branch pens. Depending on the method of planting the seedlings, the distance depends on the sowing. Bounces can be made by making frames in the form of a machete or wedge used in cultivating luau-pumpkin. It is important that the knitting tool is durable so that it can last for 3-5 years. After 2 years of planting seedlings, the fruit begins to ripen. After 3-5 years, the tree gradually becomes weak. As the fruit is produced in the new branches, the branches are sometimes pruned. This will increase the yield by allowing new branches to branch out. Winter is the perfect time to prune.
2. By seed
The seeds can be separated from the fruit and washed with water and stored in dry shade. The seeds can be made directly by sowing or by planting in polybags. Seedlings 8-12 cm. The seeds are sown by straw by sowing seeds at a depth of 2-2 cm away. Seeds germinate within 3-5 weeks. Once the seedlings are completed, the seeds can be picked up from the floor and transferred to a polybag. If the seedlings are 3-5 months old then the seedlings are 3-5 cm. Planting is useful when tall.
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2. By cutting
Branches can be cut off into branches with 3-5 stages. At the bottom of the branch when cutting, 1 to 2 cm. With the teresa cut below, the seeds should be planted in the soil with the following stages at a degree north-south facing. At the time of planting the cuttings, the top of the leaves should be left with 2-3 leaves. Cutting success can be noticed within 3-5 days. Saplings are suitable for transplantation at the age of 6-8 months May-August is the perfect time for cutting. Cutting fodder maintains maternal virtue.
Seedlings planting method
May-August is the perfect time for planting saplings. Now is the right time. 2-5m x 2.5-1.5 m At this distance the fruit seedlings are planted. For planting 1 x 3 x 3 cm. A hole made in size is applied to each pit containing 25-20 kg of roasted cow dung, 25-5 urea and TSP and 3-5 grams of MP fertilizer. After transplanting the seedlings should be irrigated to maintain proper moisture in the soil. The soil needs to have sufficient juice during flowering and fruit development for good yield. The soil moisture should always be monitored. As a result, irrigation is also required during the drought season. However, water should be drained out so that water does not accumulate at the base of the tree during the monsoon.
Incompatibility in pollination
Passion may result in pollination problems. Due to its purple varieties, the flower closes at noon in the morning. But the yellow varieties blossom at noon and close in the afternoon. Flower pollen is sticky. Pollination is effective with the help of insects.
Passion causes problems in self-realization. Some varieties may also cause problems with post-pollination. The pollen loses its effectiveness by bursting with water. In Bangladesh, during the rainy season the flowers get the result. This may result in difficulty in bearing fruit. It is possible to increase the retention of fruits by artificial pollination.
After ripening, the fruit falls to the ground. Then it has to be collected. The yield of yellow oats is much higher than the purple varieties. Although the fruit of the purple varieties is excellent. Hawaii Island produces 5 tonnes of yellow and 3 tonnes of violet varieties per hectare. The ripe fruits can be stored for about a month at a temperature of 5 and 6-5% moisture.