Parts of the stage

The stage is called the place which is used to represent the different performing arts as well as to hold conferences, rallies and public events.


The box of the stage is the one that conforms to the stage itself, the heights correspond to the upper area of ​​the tower of tramoya and the moats are the lower part that is in front of the proscenium.

In the architectural language there are different types and models of stage, based on a traditional scheme commonly exists in the Elizabethan, sand, Italian and black box or laboratory stage.


  • 1Parts of the Stage
    • 1Proscenium
    • 2 Pointershell
    • 3Scene
    • 4Hatch
    • 5Bambalinón
    • 6Racks
    • 7moat
    • 8Rope of counterweights and counterweights
    • 9Curtain
    • 10Forum
    • 11Lightbar
    • 12Cyclorama
    • 13Element support bar
    • 14Tramoya or grill

Parts of the Stage


It is the part closest to the public that originates from the edge of the stage until reaching the front curtain.

Pointer shell

Low deck that is located with the back to the public in order to hide the prompter. This part has been removed in most theaters today.


It is the visible terrain of the stage where the actors carry out their theatrical routine. It is divided into different parts: the back that corresponds to the third plane, the central part that is the second plane and the front part that belongs to the first plane. These planes are classified into left, right and center respectively.


Also called a hatch, it is the part of the stage that opens to leave a space where to transport different objects or actors to the scene.




It is a special type of curtain that hangs horizontally from the ceiling and creates a mouthpiece that dwarfs the size of the scene.


It is part of the decoration of the theater and is located on the sides of the stage, through these the actors come and go. The first rack is called the Harlequin.


Extended part that is under the stage. Here you will find the different decoration elements that are heavy. They are also used for the intervention of characters using a hatch. Currently few theaters using the moat.

Counterweights and counterweights rope

They are part of the mechanism of the stage through which objects on the scene are raised and lowered.


Large curtain that goes up and down or runs and draws. There are two types: the Guillotine that works vertically and the American that works vertically.


Background of the stage in which the cyclorama is located.

Light bar

The lights used to illuminate the scene and the actors are installed in this part.


It is a curtain or painting that is used to decorate the setting of the theatrical performance.

Element support bar

It is a bar that is used to hang supporting the elements that are part of the scenery.

Tramoya or grill

Machinery used to carry out the changes of stage effects and decoration. The person in charge of assembling, handling and designing the stage is known as stage man.


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