Parts of the saxophone

The saxophone , also called saxophone or saxophone is defined as a conical musical instrument, it belongs to the family of wood and wind instruments. Normally it is made of brass, it consists of a mouthpiece next to a simple reed, similar to the clarinet.


It was created in the early 1840s by Adolfo Sax. This music instrument is normally associated with jazz music, popular music, and the Big Bang. Saxophone players are called saxophones or saxophonists.

There are different types of saxophone, they are distinguished by their tuning function and have 8 different sizes. They can be soprano in or flat, soprano in flat or flat, alto or alto in flat or flat, baritone in flat or flat, tenor in flat or flat, low in flat or flat, sub-bass and double bass in yes or flat.


  • 1Parts of the Saxophone
    • 1Nozzle
    • 2reed
    • 3Ligature
    • 4Neck
    • 5Keys
    • 6Body
    • 7Body screw
    • 8Neck cork
    • 9Octave Pin
    • 10Bell
    • 11Arc
    • 12Protective key

Saxophone parts


When the mouthpiece is blown, the reed vibrates. Without using other parts of the instrument, a high-pitched sound is produced.


This is the sound producer, it is used just like the vocal cords of the human being. It is fixed to the mouthpiece thanks to a ligature.


The ligature looks like a clamp. The most common materials used to make this part of the saxophone are metal, leather and plastic.

It is used to firmly hold the reed in the mouthpiece so that the user’s actions are clearly translated into a complete sound by constant vibration.



The mouthpiece is connected to the neck. This is the joint between the body and the mouthpiece. The sound produced by the vibrating reed enters the body thanks to the neck.


They can be made of nickel or brass, usually almost all keys are made of mother of pearl. The keys in the lower and middle areas of the bow are known by the name of spatula wrench. The keys on the right and bottom are the side keys.


This resonance chamber is the most important in the instrument. The sound vibrates inside the body and is amplified when the keys are held down. Those located on the body vary the length of the air column to form a different note or tone. The longer the air column, the corresponding note will be lower and vice versa.

Body screw

This tightens the seal on the upper end of the body. Holds the neck firmly in place after the body has been inserted.

Neck cork

The end of the neck is made up of a thin layer of cork, which enables the mouthpiece to be easily attached to the neck while a tight seal is maintained.

Octave pin

This works as a pivot point and support for the octave key, it comes out slightly after the end of the saxophone body.


In this part the sound wave emerges, usually ending in a decorative flash. Taking into account the register and size of the saxophone, the bell can be in the down or up direction. This is the common place for the ornamentation of the instrument, it is also the best area to hold the saxophone.


The bow is the lower end in which the great variety of styles of this instrument have a U-turn to return to rise before ending in the bell. The arc is needed for acoustic issues because the lower register horns are very difficult and long to control if rendering is a formally straight style.

Protective key

The protection of the key surrounds different important holes that are located in a part where accidental blows against furniture and objects surrounding the bow of the body are very likely.


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