Parts of the quena

The flute is known as a wind instrument made bevel used traditionally by the residents of the central Andes.


Naturally the quena is made of wood or cane, adding all its holes it has a total of seven, six of them are located in the front and one of them is in the back, intended for the thumb.

In present times, quena together with charango and sicu are one of the typical musical instruments used in folkloric ensembles of Andean music.

Its use is also intended in ethno music, in fusion music, in new age music, among other derivations. This musical instrument is native to the Andean highland area, geographically located in South America.


  • 1Parts of the Quena
    • 1Chanfle or Bevel
    • 2Body
    • 3Holes
    • 4Semitepadillo
    • 5Tied
    • 6Cut
    • 7Nozzle

Parts of the Quena

Chanfle or Bevel

The bezel or chanfle is located at the top of the quena, it is used as an insufflation channel that is used to produce and blow the sound that is needed in order to operate the quena.

There are different kinds of chanfle, the most common and important are those called in C, those called in V, the rectum and those called in U.


The body of the quena is characterized by being contoured around it, it has an oval and round appearance, its measurements are between approximately 15 centimeters to 120 centimeters.


The quena has 7 holes that are manipulated by the fingers of the hand, its distance and size can vary between all depending on the style and type of the quena. In them the left hand and the right hand are positioned indiscriminately.



This is known as the lower part of the musical instrument, where the quena ends, this portion is normally cut in the reed knot and it is for this reason that when this process is carried out, a kind of thickening occurs when it is not filed. The exit hole is a hole in the knot.


Nylon thread is used in the tying, this because it is very resistant and elastic. The use of other types of twine made of different materials is also involved.

There are different reasons why you need to tie the bamboo pole. One of these main reasons is to enhance the effect of knots and knots, as well as to avoid cracks that may be caused by humidity or blows.


The cut will depend on the tastes of the person who will use the quena. This can be anatomical or straight, to be able to create it exactly knowing its length, the base must be calculated using the formula L = V / a.2

This formula means that:

  • L is the length of the tube.
  • V represents the speed of sound.
  • a are all the vibrations of the note expressed in Hz language when the sounder is uncovered.


The mouthpiece is a part built thanks to the cut of a small file. The edges located vertically and the nozzle curve are sharpened using the file, this being done in order that the air has the minimum resistance.

At the bottom of the chanfle curve and on the outside of the reed there is a filing that serves as a channel through which air moves through it. The curve of the nozzle and the height in the thickness of the reed depends on the chanfle.

The nozzle will be low when the chanfle is straight, the case of the chanfle will be V-shaped then the nozzle will be medium, and when the chanfle is U and C shaped then the nozzle will be high.


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