The electric bass , also called bass, is defined as a melodic and musical instrument that belongs to the family of chordophones.
The electric bass is physically and in construction similar to the electric guitar, yet its body has larger dimensions. It also has a scale and a longer neck. It usually consists of 4 tuned strings, taking into account the standard tuning of the double bass, which is its predecessor.
The electric bass was created with the purpose of producing the bass and rhythmic sounds using an instrument that is easier, compact and cheaper to transport and produce than the double bass. The latter was the instrument that was used in the 40s and 50s, for this reason the bass took on the appearance similar to that of the guitar, despite the fact that this detail caused many people to confuse both instruments.
In order to prevent excessive use of additional lines within the staff, the electric bass, as with the double bass, plays an octave lower than the notes that are represented in musical notation. As with the electric guitar, the bass must be connected to an amplifier that allows it to emit sounds.
WHAT ARE ITS PARTS?
- 1The Parts of the Electric Bass are:
The Parts of the Electric Bass are:
In most cases the body is made of wood materials, although there is a possibility that instruments made of different acrylic or plastic materials exist. For example, luthite is widely used today and also as various forms of design.
A huge number of musical instruments have a plastic pickguard, called a pickguard in English, along with a piece that is used to protect the body finish from scratches and blows by the user of the instrument and any other incident that may occur .
It is usually built of wood or any other kind of alternative material. The neck can be found bolted to the body, mainly in the basses that are bolt on models. You can also make a single piece next to the instrument, as in neck-through models.
The main function of the neck is to carry out the transmission of the vibration of the strings to the body. If the connection of these parts is not good, then stability problems may occur. In general, each of the basses has a unique soul on its neck. Although in models of 6 strings or more the elaboration with two of these pieces is being generalized.
The fingerboard is usually mounted on top of the neck, even though the early models of the electric bass did not have that part. The woods most used in its elaboration are ebony, maple, wenge and rosewood.
It is made of ivory, plastic, bone or other materials such as brass or graphite. Its objective is to hold the strings at the same height as the headstock, allowing free vibration and transmitting it to the neck.
In the hardware are the metal parts of the bass. In these the tuning pegs and the bridge are distinguished. The latter is normally built in metal. Its importance has a special influence on the final result of the instrument’s sound.
The strings are built based on some metal alloy. Although it is also possible to find ropes made from alternative materials, nylon or silicone. The strings represent being one of the crucial parts that directly influences the sound of the bass. The main types of strings are wound or roundwound, smooth wound or flatwound, and semi-smooth or half-round wound.