Have you ever visited your garden or seen small insects in your cabbage or broccoli? These tiny insects, known as aphids, can cause damage to your crop and cause disease. But how can you naturally control aphids?
First let’s talk about what aphids are.
What is aphid?
Aphids are suckers of root or root juice, small insects with soft bodies. Adults are usually less than an inch long and their nymphs are smaller. Aphids are available in a variety of colors – green, red, white, yellow, gray ……. And different aphid species exist for different crops. There are bean aphids, cabbage aphids, watermelon aphids, potato aphids. Aphids can reproduce quickly and breed multiple generations in a single season.
Most aphids have short wings, so they move slowly. And so it is not difficult to control the number of them, if a little attention in the garden. Aphids produce a substance called honeydew, which sucks the juice out of your plants. Ants can also be found everywhere you find aphids. Ants help aphids for this honeydew, as it is their food source. Apart from regularly sucking the juice from your plants, aphids also carry diseases such as mosaic virus that can destroy your crop.
It is worth taking action to keep aphids away from your garden or remove them at once. Many use various chemical pesticides to destroy these aphid species, but these pesticides are very harmful to our body. So there are some natural ways to control these aphids.
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Companion planting for aphid control
There are some companion plants that can help control aphids naturally in your garden.
Tulsi’s strong aroma disrupts the aromatic receptors of aphids and has an irritating effect, which keeps your plants aphid free. Tulsi also acts as a deterrent to some aphid species and prevents aphids from sucking the juice from the stem or root.
Tulsi is a great companion to name a few tomatoes , peppers, beans, eggplant and asparagus.
Aphids and many other pests dislike garlic. The strong odor of garlic smells of aphids, keeping you away from vegetables. Keep garlic away from peas and beans.
Like garlic, onions are a member of the allium family, most of which will prevent pests like aphids. The smell of onions will help control aphids and prevent them from destroying your plants. Onions are a good companion for brassicas such as cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. Keep the onions away from your seams and peas. However, the onion has been transformed into a very valuable commodity in the market. So it’s best not to use it now.
Rosemary is a very aromatic herb that can attract the natural enemies of aphids. Rosemary also contains a type of oil that can adversely affect aphids.
Mint is another aromatic herb that attracts beneficial insects. Like rosemary, mint also contains a variety of oils that can help fight aphids.
Sunflower is another trap tree that you can add to your garden for aphids. Sunflowers are large and strong and capable of withstanding aphid attacks.
Read more: 5 Domestic Tips to Control Aphids
Essential oils to control aphids
Essential oils can also help control aphids in addition to companion plantings or in place of collaborative plantings. The oils emitted from rosemary and mint help prevent aphids, so using essential oils can be used as an insect repellent.
The following garden oils can be used to help prevent aphids in your garden:
- Peppermint oil
- Rosemary oil
- Mint oil
- Basil oil
- Neem oil
Pest useful for aphid control
Fortunately for you, there are some ready and waiting beneficial insects to help fight aphids in your garden. Currently there are about 100,000 species of insects on earth. About 1 million of these have been identified, of which more than 4,000 insects are benefiting people, which means that they play a friend’s role.
Organic spiders, carabid beetles, bolts, myriad bugs, water bugs, damsel foraging, ladybird beetles, ground beetles, urchungas, grasshoppers, waterbags, plantbags, damsel flies, ear wigs, wolves, wolves, wolves, wolves, chickens Useful insects such as Dwarf Spider, Half Spider, Longitudinal Spider, Dragonfly, Tiger Beetle, Bolt, etc. K helps.
Among them is the Lady Bird Beetle, which grows yields by protecting plants from enemy pests by eating aphids or any harmful insect eggs and small insects. The beneficial side of these is that both the insect and the whole insect destroy the harmful insect. The most useful and common predator of aphids is the insect. You can keep these Lady Bird Beetles in winter to destroy pests from homemade citrus trees.
Read more: Fertilizers produced from banana peel to enhance the soil fertility of the garden
Tips and traps for controlling aphids
Finally, here are some other things you can do to control garden aphids:
Yellow sticky trap
Yellow sticky traps are made of polypropylene sheet ， glue and paper. It is about 8.12 mm wide. Also sticky trap is the color of blue sticky trap, green sticky trap, black sticky trap, white sticky trap etc.
Yellow sticky trap
Adhesive traps are neither toxic nor harmful, safe for humans, animals and the environment.
Keeping yellow sticky traps around the tree will easily prevent aphids. They also work under the control of mussel beetles.
Spray the water
Aphids are tiny and using your garden sprayer directly on aphids will avoid them and send them flying away. This is only a temporary solution.
Creating a mixture of water and soap to spray on your plants can be effective. Adding in some powdered garlic can add extra protection. You can also buy organic pesticide soap to spray on your plant. In addition to keeping the leaves of the tree clean, the aphids also control.