Myrtle: properties and benefits and natural remedies of this plant of health
The Myrtle, due to its essential oil content (mirtolo, containing mirtenol and geraniol and other minor active ingredients), tannins and resins, is an interesting plant with aromatic and medicinal properties. Myrtle is attributed to balsamic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and slightly antiseptic properties, therefore it is used in the herbal and pharmaceutical fields for the treatment of diseases affecting the digestive system and the respiratory system.
The beneficial properties of the myrtle plant (Myrtus communis) and applications as a natural remedy for coughs and bronchitis.Myrtle (Myrtus communis) is a shrubby plant of the Myrtaceae family, typical of the Mediterranean maquis. It is a spontaneous species of the Mediterranean regions, common in the Mediterranean scrub. In Sardinia and Corsica it is a very common shrub of the low Mediterranean scrub, typical of the xerophilous phytoclimatic associations of the Oleo-ceratonion. The presence of myrtle in the high bush is less frequent.
Myrtle berries and the preparation of white myrtle, the liqueur
The most important product, from the quantitative point of view, is represented by the berries, used for the preparation of the myrtle liqueur proper, obtained by alcoholic infusion of the berries through maceration or steam. A less diffused liqueur is the White Myrtle, obtained by hydroalcoholic infusion of the young shoots, mistakenly confused with a variant of the myrtle liqueur properly so called obtained by infusion of the berries of non-pigmented fruit varieties.
The decoction of myrtle against bronchitis and phlegm
Myrtle is also taken in the form of a decoction , prepared with its leaves and sweetened with honey, it turns out to be a valid remedy against inflammation of the respiratory tract, phlegm and bronchitis. Used as an infusion instead, always using its leaves, it is an excellent intestinal astringent and an anti-hemorrhagic.
They are the leaves of myrtle and the essential oil derived from them to have therapeutic properties; in fact the substances contained in myrtle leaves have the property of bringing benefits to the immune system during the winter season helping it to defend ourselves from seasonal ailments.
Myrtle, popular tradition and remedy for digestion
In popular tradition it is believed that the properties of myrtle exert their benefits in cases of cystitis, in digestive problems, in gingivitis and in hemorrhoids. The myrtle liqueur, a typical product of Sardinia, prepared with the maceration of the berries in alcohol, is considered a good liqueur with digestive properties. Thanks to its tonic and antiseptic properties, the myrtle is used in cosmetics for the preparation of creams and detergents for parts intimate as well as for the treatment of sensitive skin. Furthermore, folk medicine attributes to myrtle healing properties in cystitis, in genitourinary disorders and recalls the use as a nervous and stomachic sedative. The fruits have a carminative, astringent, aromatic and tonic action.