Eggplant is a type of fruit that is used as a vegetable in South Asia and Southeast Asia. The leaves are dense and about 5 to 20 cm long and 5 to 7 cm wide. Wild eggplant trees can grow even bigger. Eggplant flowers are white to pink in color. There are five petals. Eggplant fruits are violet white. The fruit is often cylindrical in shape. There are many soft seeds inside the fruit. Eggplant is very important for many health benefits of eggplant.
Different varieties of eggplant
There are some popular eggplant in Bangladesh that are already successful in business. Examples are: Islampurri, Khatkhtia, jump, Ishwardi-1, Uttara (Bari Begun-1), Talbugun, Nayan Kajal, KG Eggplant, Shingnath, Egg Egg, Jhumko, Mukt Keshi, Shuktara, Tarapuri (Bari Begun 2), Barjee (Bari Begun 2). 3), Nayantara (Bari Begun-1), Vijay, Surprise F1
Made of seedling
Egg cultivation is mainly grown on plowed soil. For the cultivation of eggplant, first the seedlings are made in the ground and transplanted on the mainland. There are a few things to keep in mind when preparing the seedling. For example, there is no water in the seedling. There is always light and air in those places. If there is an irrigation system near the seedbed, it is better. To obtain disease-free seedlings, the soil in the seedbed must be cleansed.
For the cultivation of eggplant, fodder production is an important task. For winter eggplant cultivation, sowing can be done in the middle of the sravan month and in the month of Ashwin and during the rainy season for Chaitra month. Seedlings have to be created by mixing sand, compost and soil equally. To get strong seedlings, first sow the seeds in a seedling. The seedlings need to be planted in the second seedling after 3-5 days of planting. The plants are healthy. The seeds are wasted in excess water.
Land preparation and planting of seedlings
Eggplant remains in the field for several months. So the land has to be well prepared to get good yield.
Usually, to prepare the field land, the soil should be watered with cultivation and ladders 3-5 times.
Saplings are suitable for planting in the age group of 3-5 days. At this time the seedlings produce 3-5 leaves and the seedlings are about 3 cm. Is tall
During the sowing, it is important to be careful not to damage the roots. Soaking the soil with water in the seedbed for 2-3 hours before sowing, does not damage the roots.
Seedlings produce saplings 3-5 weeks of age. Rows at a distance of 1 cm Is to put away. The distance between the eggplant varieties is 5-7 cm. Less can be done more.
Approximately 3-5 grams of seed are sown in a 5 meter sowing area. The seedlings should be planted on the mainland if they are 3-5 days old.
Organic fertilizers should be applied as much as possible in the field of eggplant in order to get good quality yields like farmers. Examine the soil and apply the fertilizer according to the soil type. However, the use of organic fertilizers will improve both soil quality and environment. If there are cattle in the house, the cow may be collected from there. Cow dung can be collected from a neighbor in Thawal, not his own cattle. Apart from this, garbage fertilizers should be used in the soil to get good yield. Fertilizers can be made by digging holes around the house, leaving garbage, garbage and fallen leaves together.
Fusarium is caused by fungal diseases of the eggplant. The roots and roots of the tree fade away. If the disease leaves the tree and the tree falls down. As a result, the tree dies.
Locally made organic pesticides can be used. If the disease is not eradicated, the local agriculture department can be contacted.
Irrigation and drainage
A large quantity of water is required for varieties of eggplant during winter and early planting.
Sandy soil can be irrigated 3-5 days in succession.
During the monsoon and perennial varieties, there is a need for proper drainage.
Occasionally, the soil needs to be loosened for rapid growth of the tree.
Occasionally, weeds need to be cleared if weeds appear on the ground.
At the very beginning of the soil should be kept with kachuripana and straw so that the soil does not dry up quickly.
If the fruit production is reduced in older trees, the rest should be cut off by leaving 20 cm from the base of the tree. After applying fertilizers and water, the branches will quickly form and produce new fruit again.
When lifting a suitable eggplant from the tree, it is important to be careful not to cause any injury to the base of the tree. The eggplant taken from the tree should be kept on a raw leaf or dry straw mattress so as not to cause any injury. It is urgently needed