Since the 1970s, clinical psychology uses mindfulness as a possible treatment for various psychological diseases. But…. The mindfulness that is ?
Mindfulness is a word that has been translated into our language in different ways: Full Attention, Full Consciousness, Mental Presence … In fact, this anglicism is a translation of the Pali word “sati”, a Sanskrit language that was spoken at the time in that Buddha taught 2500 years ago. And “sati” is the nominalization of the verb “sarati” which means to remember or remember.
But we still don’t have the answer to our question very clear: what is the mindfulness ?
MINDFULNESS WHAT IS
Mindfulness is a psychological concept focused on the concentration of attention and awareness, based on the concept of full awareness of Buddhist meditation. Despite having its roots in Buddhism itself, mindfulness is taught outside of any component or Eastern terminology. Therefore, its approach is totally pragmatic and does not depend on religious dogmas, you can practice it with the best specialists, for example, at the Denken Center .
In addition, its growing popularity has led to the creation of a library of scientific literature that includes many studies that explore the potential of Mindfulness in different facets: self-control in children, the development of resilience and coping resources in people sick, improvement in objective levels of health, etc.
The goal of mindfulness is to achieve a deep state of consciousness during the session, and for this various techniques are used. We seek to make our conscience relax and not make judgments of our feelings, feelings or thoughts. Know what happens inside us in every moment.
The mindfulness manages to separate the person from his thoughts to be able to recognize them and to question the mental patterns, giving great weight to the here and now through a total attention to the present moment.
MINDFULNESS HOW TO PRACTICE
Now that we have answered the question how mindfulness it is, let’s see how it is practiced. Mindfulness should be practiced for half an hour a day, although it is advisable to start with shorter sessions of no more than ten minutes. Thus the mind is acclimatized to the new sensations and mental states of meditation are gradually being built. If we try on time at the beginning, it is easy for us to end up frustrated by devoting too much time often to something we still do not know how to do well, and end up getting tired and giving up.
Therefore, learning to do mindfulness may require some practice time until we are able to meditate in almost any circumstance.
For its practice it is necessary to look for a noise-free place, with a temperature between 18 and 25º and in which we feel comfortable. Do not forget to deactivate phones, alarms, electronic devices and all kinds of noise and waves that can disturb or interfere with meditation. In case we play background music, it is important that it be relaxing and with repetitive cycles to prevent our perception from hoarding.
On the other hand, the use of comfortable clothes will always be a positive element, and it is recommended to take off your shoes and all the accessories that can oppress the body.
The most appropriate position is simply to sit comfortably on the floor. Not necessarily in the lotus position, but it is essential that the posture leaves the back at a right angle to facilitate breathing. You can use a cushion, a mat or a towel to be more comfortable. In the event that the cushion is quite thick, it will be advisable to tilt the pelvic area forward, sitting at the end.