Around the age of 50, especially if you have a sedentary lifestyle behind you, some pains may start to appear. Those in the legs can be quite common and could have various causes. Here are the main ones.
The information contained in this article has been validated by our doctors and specialists
If you sit for too long when you stand up, your legs feel shrunken . If you walk too much, you get weird pains in your bones just when you stop . If you wear heels for several hours you feel that your knees and ankles are in pain. But it never happened to you before. It is similar to the pains in the bones that appear in the early stages of a bad cold. But the flu has nothing to do with it.
Let’s see what are the main causes of joint or muscle pain in the legs in menopause .
Why can leg pains occur in menopause?
During menopause, the body goes through a profound shift in hormonal balance . It is the hormones that act on the musculoskeletal system , in particular by ensuring the hydration of all parts: ligaments, muscles, cartilages and even bones . When this hydration decreases, it is possible for a kind of inflammatory state to develop that can give rise to pain . In addition , estrogens – in particular – stimulate the production of collagen , which is very important for maintaining the elasticity of the skin and muscles .
Beyond that, there may be another reason behind muscle pain: other hormones, called androgens , stimulate the building of muscle tissue throughout life. In menopause, androgens also decrease and therefore muscle mass is reduced and a loss of strength and tone may be felt .
The legs in particular are called to a constant daily effort, having to support the weight of the whole body. Precisely for this reason the pains can be more frequent.
Why do some women have leg pain and other women don’t?
Every woman is different and every menopause is different . This reason alone would be enough to justify the differentiation of the disorders that women manifest after the end of the fertile life. For example, some suffer from hot flashes a lot, others don’t; some encounter difficulties in intimate life , others do not and tell – indeed – of a rediscovered sexual serenity.
The same is true for osteo-articular or muscular pains that can depend on a wide variety of factors, including those referred to the personal “historian”, who may have encountered particularly stressful situations for bones, ligaments and muscles such as, for example, sports agonistic or fractures, injuries, postural problems.
Beyond that, other completely personal factors must be considered such as:
- Average weight over the last few years
- Lifestyle and type of daily activity (sedentary work, habit of physical activity, stressful life, etc.)
- Eating habits
- Situations of strong stress, even momentary (it can predispose to a drop in the immune defenses and therefore to the worsening of painful conditions)
Beyond these subjective issues, there are the consequences of hormonal changes in menopause which are often overlooked and therefore can lead to worsening of the symptoms affecting the osteo-articular system. This is why when you feel pain in your legs and apparently there is no triggering reason, it is good to contact the gynecologist