Epistle to the Ephesians. More than a letter , the Epistle to the Ephesians (= Ef) is a doctrinal and exhortatory writing, which reveals in its author, fundamental pedagogical and pastoral interests. It is a reflection on the church , seen as the body of Christ (1.22b-23; 4.15–16. Cf. Col 1.18), and a solid teaching about the salvation that God offers to sinners (2.4–9).
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- 1 Ephesus
- 2 Author
- 3 Date
- 4 Recipient
- 5 Sources
Since 133 BC, with a population of close to half a million people, Ephesus was the capital of the Roman province of Asia and the official residence of the Governor. It was located in a privileged place on the Mediterranean coast , with a port with a lot of traffic and an important means of communication with the interior of Asia Minor.. The worship of the goddess Diana, in whose honor a temple to which devotees from “all Asia and the whole world” had come on pilgrimage (Acts 19:23, 41), contributed to increasing the city’s prestige. The book of Acts refers to Paul’s two visits to Ephesus. The first was brief (Acts 18.19–21), but the second lasted “for three years” (Acts 19.1–20.1, 31), a period whose duration indicates the importance of the missionary work carried out there.
Pablo, a native of Cecilia , was a Roman citizen by birth. His family was from the tribe of Benjamin, and he was educated as a Pharisee . He studied under Gamaliel and was highly educated (he was fluent in several languages and knew the Hebrew and Greek literatures). Saul, his name in the Hebrew language, was a great persecutor of the church, the death of Stephen deeply impressed him. He later converted when he was heading to Damascus, persecuting the Christians, after going blind. I get my sight back and soon after it was Arabia . He was the great world missionary of the New Testament ; in Gentile territory he used his Roman name of Paul. His three journeys are recorded in the book of Acts, he carried out his work in Asia Minor ,Greece and Rome . He suffered great persecution (jail, stoning, whipping) but nothing stopped his ministry of preaching, healing and building the church and writing. Imprisoned for long periods in Rome between AD 64 and 68 He is the author of most of the New Testament epistles . Paul has been said to be the most powerful human personality in the New Testament. There is an old traditional description of Paul that presents him as a man of small stature, brow, long nose, bald, bow-legged, stocky, full of goodness.
Paul wrote Ephesians in Rome, being in prison in 60 or 61 AD
This letter was not sent to the Ephesian church only, it was a circular letter. Some ancient manuscripts omit the words << in Ephesus >> and there is no reference in the book to Ephesus or personal greetings to people there, although he had spent a long time in that city.
Outline Salutation (1.1-2)
Position in Christ of the believer (4.1-6.9)
The walk of the believer (4.1-6.9)
The armor of the believer (6.10-20)
Conclusion and blessing (6.21-24)