HDL and LDL are the acronyms used to denote the types of lipoproteins that carry cholesterol in the blood. The HDL is called good cholesterol and LDL of bad cholesterol .The cholesterol is a type of fat produced by the liver, present in all body cells and plays important roles in the body.HDL and LDL lipoproteins bind to cholesterol so that it can be transported through the bloodstream, since its greasy consistency does not allow it to dissolve in the blood, just as water and oil do not mix.
LDL is the acronym for Low Density Lipoproteins , which means low density lipoproteins, also called “bad cholesterol.”
LDL transports the cholesterol from the liver to the cells of the tissues and favors their accumulation in the internal walls of the arteries, decreasing the blood flow, being directly related to heart diseases.
HDL is the acronym for High Density Lipoproteins , which means high density lipoproteins , also known as “good cholesterol”. HDL is able to absorb the cholesterol crystals, which are deposited in the arteries, removing it from the arteries and transporting it back to the liver to be eliminated.
HDL is called “good cholesterol,” because once the individual has high levels of this type of cholesterol, it can become beneficial, reducing the risk of heart disease.
In the case of HDL (good cholesterol), it is advisable that the value is equal to or greater than 60mg / dl . The value is considered low if it is less than 40 mg / dl for men and 50 mg / dl for women.For bad cholesterol (LDL), your blood concentration should be less than 100 mg / dl . Values between 160 and 189 mg / dl are considered high and greater than 190 mg / dl are considered to be very high