In natural science, of course we have also learned about water. Water has many types. In the context of purification or thaharah, water which is considered valid to purify oneself, is:
2. River water (flowing water)
3. Sea water
4. Dew water
water 6. Source water (or spring)
7. Ice water or snow water (frozen water vapor droplets)
The seven waters are included in the criteria for real water or holy water, because all of them are originated from the sky or from the ground.
Various Kinds of Water …
After knowing the various kinds of water before, then there is the distribution of various kinds of water, all of which is still the same water as the seven types of water above, but due to several factors, either due to mixing with something else or not changing or changing with itself. Therefore, the water law is no longer original or absolute anymore.
Based on such conditions, the water is divided into various kinds of water. These types of water are divided into four types:
1. Original water or Absolute water
Real water or absolute water is water that can be used for purification. The point is that this water has a holy law and can be used to purify. This explanation of holy water is the same as the explanation of the original water above.
There is also water that is still pure to purify, but using it to purify the limbs (not clothing). Such as real water that is in a container made of gold and silver, deliberately heated with sunlight. Water like this is being used because it can interfere with the health of human skin.
2. Musta’mal water
Musta’mal water is water that has been used to purify or eliminate impurities in a person. Such as water that has been or is splashed when someone is performing ablution.
In this case there are differences of opinion there are those who consider it sacred and but cannot purify (because it is already used). There are also those who think sacred but and still purify as long as there is no change in taste, color and smell.
Also consider: Meaning and Types of Dam (Fines) For Those Who Break the Rules of Hajj or Umrah
3. Water that has been mixed with something holy
For example water mixed with flour, salt, and others. This water is still punished by purifying as long as the level of absolute water is still maintained. As for if the water’s absolute level cannot be maintained so it changes one of the properties of water. Then the water law is holy but cannot be used to purify something else
4. Unclean Water
The beginning of unclean water is absolute water. That is why this unclean water is divided into two:
First , if an unclean changes one of the properties of water (taste, smell, and color), then the water law has become unclean water. (water that is not desired )
Second , if an unclean is in absolute water but does not change the three characteristics of the water, the law is still holy and sanctifying. (water that is ma’fu )
If we have read the function of water that can cleanse itself from impurity and dirt, both existing and clothing. Here we will discuss about the unclean itself and its kinds.
Unclean is anything that is considered by Shara ‘to be dirty and is the cause of someone’s obstruction to worship. This unclean effect if not cleaned immediately from limbs or clothing will cause adverse effects. For example: can cause certain diseases, odor, dirty, unsightly, and others.
That is why as a Muslim when going to perform a worship such as prayer or tawaf should purify itself first. Able to bathe, perform ablution or tayammum.
Kind – Unclean Kinds and How to Cleanse It
1. Unclean Mughaladhah (heavy unclean)
Unclean Mughaladhah is when someone touches or is exposed to licking dogs and pigs, including when exposed to saliva or blood.
The way to purify unclean mughaladhah is by washing the affected body parts or touching the dog or pig with water seven times, one of which is with dust.
2. Impure Mutawasithah (being unclean)
Unclean mutawasithah is unclean does not burden does not make odious light. This means that unclean is the dirt that is on yourself or dirt from an animal. Like, vomiting, urine, feces, and animal feces.
Impure mutawasithah even this is also divided into two:
- Unclean hukmiyah, which is unclean which is not visible but is believed to exist, due to the presence of clear substances, odors and tastes. Small example when finding urine that is dry. The way to purify it is by watering it with holy water
- Unclean ‘ ainiyah, ie unclean which is visible to the eye (both substance, taste, color, and odor). How to purify it by removing the four unclean elements (color, smell, taste, substances) or splash them with water. As for when the unclean odor is removed and the color is difficult to remove, then such can be forgiven (in ma’fu )
3. Unclean Mukhaffafah (mild unclean)
Unclean mukhaffafah this is caused due to unclean urine exposed to a baby boy who had not been fed or drink anything other than breast milk (breast milk). The way to purify this unclean is by watering it. Unlike the case for female baby urine, even though the baby has not eaten and drunk anything other than breast milk, the urine has been punished by unclean mutawasithah
Distinguishes from Impure and Hadats
When someone is unclean or is in a state of hadats. Of course the person cannot worship properly because there are obstacles, which is why that person must purify himself first.
It is rather difficult to easily distinguish between these hadats and unclean ones. because both of these things also originate from someone himself, but for this unclean it often comes from outside the person’s body. Like unclean mughaladhah , and unclean mukhaffafah .
Or if it’s difficult, we can distinguish it by the way people purify the dirt (whether it’s unclean or hadats) that exist in that person.