Kidney disease and physical activity, can you?

Performing physical activity is still taboo for those who have kidney disease. What most people think is that constant rest is necessary, but not quite.

The chronic kidney disease is a kidney injury that progresses with slow loss, progressive and irreversible its multiple functions. However, the progression of the disease can be reduced if there is a change in eating and physical habits.

According to the Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Rehabilitation Directive, it is important to perform physical exercise for this population, including those who undergo hemodialysis , who have reduced cardiorespiratory capacity due to inactivity.

Who has chronic renal failure and needs to undergo treatment such as hemodialysis can be seen as a person in an imbalanced state and who is going through a process of tension and anxiety. She needs enough emotional stability to continue living naturally, as if there were no disease. Physical activity is suggested as an auxiliary way to combat stress, improve self-esteem and elevate mood.

Kidney disease and training

The exercises are designed with the objective of fully reaching the individual, taking into account his / her illness (es) and the periodization of the activity in terms of volume and intensity. Exercise should have a general influence on all body systems, enhancing recovery and preventing other diseases.

To start the exercise program, the person needs to be stabilized. This requires medical procedures, resources and motivation.

For an effective treatment, the action of a multidisciplinary team is necessary: ​​a medical team composed of clinicians, nephrologists and endocrinologists will have better results if they are working together with a trained nursing team, physiotherapists and physical educators, the latter being responsible for trying to break the pathology cycle – sedentary lifestyle – worsening of the pathology, common to all renal patients and a factor that compromises the quality of life of these people.

The  aerobic training can improve blood pressure control, lipid profile and mental health of individuals, and increase flexibility, muscle strength and function are impaired due to inactivity.

Thus, activities such as walking, cycling, weight lifting in the light category, contribute to the improvement of the clinical picture. Remembering that you should always talk to the doctor first and check the possibility of having a companion.

Malaise during training can occur even with people who do not have any disease, so we should all pay attention to symptoms and not perform intense or moderate physical activity without first consulting a doctor and having a check-up.


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