Is Alcoholism Is A disease Or Addiction

The concept of Alcoholism as a disease and not just addiction, developed only in the second half of the 19th century. France was one of the countries that earlier began to appreciate the growing average annual consumption of alcohol, facing with some concern the annual capitation exceeding three liters of alcohol and the high proportion of the number of taverns per inhabitant.

The awareness of the danger that these facts pose to Public Health, the progress in knowledge of the physiology of the nerve cell and the effects of alcohol on the nervous system were certainly the basis of a scientific approach to the problems related to alcohol consumption.

Among the numerous definitions that were owed to WHO, we highlight the one that considers alcoholism as a disease and alcoholic as sick, making reference to extensive repercussions of the disease, in addition to those directly affecting the individual and the possibility of treatment.

Due to its importance and significance, it is transcribed:

“Alcoholism is not a defined nosological entity, but the totality of problems motivated by alcohol, in the individual, extending on several levels and causing organic and psychological disorders, disturbances of family, professional and social life, with its economic, legal repercussions and moral ”;

“Alcoholism is not a defined nosological entity, but the totality of problems motivated by alcohol, in the individual, extending on several levels and causing organic and psychological disorders, disturbances of family, professional and social life, with its economic, legal repercussions and moral ”;

“Alcoholics are excessive drinkers, whose dependence on alcohol is accompanied by mental disorders, physical health, relationships with others and their social and economic behavior. They must undergo treatment ”

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