Human relationships always consist of a complex web of power, hierarchy and domination and that is why today one of the most important and effective ways to make a link between individuals work is through leadership. When we talk about leadership, we are referring to people who permanently or temporarily occupy the role of leader, of the one who directs the destinies of others with the idea of the common good or at least to achieve a previously established objective.
Although the idea of leadership is mostly related to the field of work, reality shows us that the importance of leadership can be made visible in an endless number of situations and ties: in friendship groups, in the family, in educational settings, etc.
That said, it is clear that in every human bond there is or can be an individual who fulfills the role of leader in front of others. We usually think of a leader as someone imposed on others, for example in the workplace, when a boss acts as director of certain activities or when the position merits leadership. But we must not forget that this is also present in other types of ties and roles: parents are those who exercise leadership in the family, especially the father if we find ourselves in patriarchal societies. In a group of friends the dynamics can easily occur in which one sets himself up and out of necessity of the group in leader and which everyone follows.
Defining the figure of the leader
The leader is considered an important figure when it comes to group or group work. Thus, a leader is one who is placed in command of the group and who makes decisions according to the needs or requirements of each circumstance. In some sense, the idea of a leader can generate some resentment, but this only if we speak of authoritarian leaders who do not take into account the opinions of their followers or who act for their own benefit using the strength and work of all.
In reality, a good leader is a person who has authority in a natural way and who also exercises it naturally, without effort or without authoritarianism. The leader is that person around whom all the others group by almost unconscious determination, when observing that this person has charisma, capacities and security to lead the group. In many occasions, the situations that are experienced are those that make the person in question become a leader by his own characteristics .
It is necessary and important that the leader is recognized by all the members of the group, that there is no other who can discuss his role, that the leadership is clear and coherent, that he shows experience and knowledge in the task, that he is sociable, etc. However, it is known that leadership can often be applied through fear, violence, threats, panic, due to economic differences, etc. In these cases, the leader will be respected but not voluntarily by the other members of the group.
Leadership in the world of work as a discipline phenomenon
In the workplace today, the figure of the leader is essential to carry out different types of projects that can give good returns. This is so because it is considered that a good leader can guide a group much better than if each person worked alone or independently. This same situation is transpolated to many other social areas such as those mentioned above. However, unlike what happens with other types of leaders, those who occupy this role in the world of work must act for the benefit of the company or institution and not for their own interests. The conflicts that may arise with staff and their different needs come into play in this regard.
Psychological and scientific studies affirm that not everyone is prepared to fill these roles and that less than half of the leaders observed in companies and firms show really healthy attitudes regarding how leadership is exercised between their peers and their subordinates.