Iodine for pregnant women and children is very important for the development of the child’s brain. Iodine is important to prevent the decline in the level of intelligence, and developmental delays in children.
The Importance of Iodine
Iodine is an essential element for humans and animals because it is an important element in the synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3). Just a little iodine is needed for the growth and development of children. If a woman does not consume adequate amounts of iodine during pregnancy, there is a possibility that her baby will be born with mental disabilities, as well as hearing or speech defects.
Foodstuffs that contain a lot of iodine are fish and seafood (seafood) containing about 660mg/ug of foodstuffs, dairy products and cereals contain an average of 100mg/ug of foodstuffs. Other food ingredients are vegetables and fruits containing an average of 40mg/ug of food ingredients; but depending on the soil conditions in which the plant grows; fertilizers used and food processing.
Disorders Due to Iodine Deficiency
Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD or IDD) have a very broad spectrum ranging from disorders to fetuses, newborns, pre-school children, school children, women of childbearing age, and adult men. This disorder causes a decrease in learning abilities, women’s reproductive health, community quality of life and economic productivity.
Children who do not receive adequate amounts of iodine during their childhood may experience a slowdown in mental, physical or intellectual development. Even moderate iodine deficiency can reduce learning abilities and reduce intellectual abilities.
Children who live in endemic areas (generally mountains), and iodine deficiency can have an impact on impaired learning performance and intelligence scores (IQ); then in adults can cause goiter and impaired mental function.
A goiter, an abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland , can cause neck swelling and is a symptom of an iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency in early pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
The use of iodized salt instead of regular table salt helps women and children get the sufficient amount of iodine they need. Iodized salt is safe for consumption by the whole family, and is the only salt needed for cooking purposes. Families must be convinced to use only good quality iodized table salt that is packaged and labeled as containing iodine.
Mothers should always ensure that they consume only iodized salt. Mothers and fathers need to be sure that the salt they consume is iodized salt. Using iodized salt instead of regular salt helps provide pregnant women and children with as much iodine as they need.
Based on government regulations; salt that can be traded for the purposes of human or livestock consumption, fish salting, or food industry auxiliary materials is iodized salt that has met the Indonesian Industrial Standard (SII)/Indonesian National Standard (SNI) 01-3556. So if you choose iodized salt, pay attention to the inclusion of SNI 01-3556 Standard on the packaging.
Iodized consumption salt SNI 01-3556-2000 aims to: protect consumer health, guarantee honest and responsible food trade and support the development and diversification of iodized consumption salt industrial products.