Have you accidentally deleted some photos from your camera? Have you accidentally given “delete all”? Most likely, they are very easy to retrieve. In this article on how to recover deleted photos from the camera we will see what you can do to get the information back, since as you will really see, a deletion is not what it seems and there are many possibilities of having the photographs back.
Before we start, we want to clarify that as soon as you realize that you have accidentally deleted a photo you should avoid doing any more on the storage medium you are using. Change the SD card and save the one that contained the deleted images as this will make it much more likely that you will recover them. This is based on the recommendations made by the creators of the software that we are going to propose to recover the photos, and in the article you will understand very well why we give it. We started!
Index of contents
- Deleting a file in computing is not what it seems
- File recovery software
- PhotoRec is your best ally to recover deleted photos from the camera
- How to use PhotoRec to recover deleted photos
- What to do if I cannot retrieve the information?
Deleting a file in computing is not what it seems
Most file deletions can be recovered very easily. The reason is that when we delete a photo from our camera, it is most likely that the file is not really deleted, but two things can happen:
- Any reference to the file existing is removed.
- The file is marked as deleted.
That is, when the photograph is deleted, it is not that all the data blocks in which it was located are filled with zeros and ones, since it is something that takes more time than the previous two methods. These are made possible by the way the file systems that organize information work.
It could be said that the equivalent is that, instead of taking a book out of a library, all references to it are removed (where it is located, what book it is, etc.) and left in the same position. When it is necessary to put in a new book, that “unknown book” will be removed from there to put it in that place.
In a camera, you will surely have an SD card or similar as a storage medium, and the most common file system in these cases will be FAT , specifically FAT32 . These are the abbreviations of File Allocation Table, that is to say, file allocation table, and basically describes the way in which the files are stored in which physical positions of the memory are.
This is a FAT table
These positions are divided into blocks, and the same file can occupy one or more, and they do not have to be contiguous. For example, a photograph that occupies 3 blocks could be in the 4th, then the 7th, then the 2nd, then the 10th … In the FAT table there will be an entry for the beginning of the file in the position corresponding to its first block ( we will see the example of file A that begins in the 4th). This will contain the next block that we will have to access, in our example the 7th, and so on until we reach the last block that instead of leading to a specific one will have a fixed value (for example -1).
If the references to the file are not deleted from the FAT table and it is simply marked as deleted, recovering it will be really easy as long as you do not end up needing any of those data blocks, hence our recommendation at the beginning of the article.
File recovery software
Due to what we have explained to you, there is a large number of programs that allow you to recover deleted files, including those from your camera. You just have to connect it to the PC and use suitable software. You will see now that the previous idea is not the most optimal to achieve recovery, but fortunately we have plenty of options.
PhotoRec is your best ally to recover deleted photos from the camera
The quintessential program to recover deleted photos from the camera is PhotoRec, not only because it is completely free and open source, but because it is specifically designed for digital photos.
As we have already explained, the big problem with file recovery on a FAT system like the one used by your camera’s SD is that it is only possible if the file is in contiguous blocks, something that doesn’t have to happen. So the key to PhotoRec is that it totally ignores what the file system is and is dedicated to searching the data deep in memory. This way we also get rid of problems if we have formatted the entire card instead of deleting only some photos.
In particular, PhotoRec manages to identify the block size of the device, and from this value it goes through each block in search of new files. The program has a signature database that allows you to identify the file extension to proceed with its recovery. Among these are the .jpg photographs that are widely used in digital cameras.
It is still ideal that the storage of the files is in contiguous blocks (without fragmenting), but the software has methods to fully recover fragmented files.
We also take the opportunity to indicate that this program will not cause any problem on the files that you already have written, since it performs the entire process in read-only mode.
How to use PhotoRec to recover deleted photos
Let’s see now how we can use PhotoRec with our device. This program comes bundled with TestDisk, other software from the same developers, so that will be the one we will have to download. We leave you the download link here .
First of all, we recommend connecting the camera to the computer or, failing that, only the memory card, depending on whether you have a compatible reader or not.
Once the zip file from testdisk is downloaded , we will unzip it in the folder we want, and we will navigate to it. There we will find two executables: photorec_win.exe and qphotorec_win.exe. The latter is the version with a graphical interface, which is easier to use.
Once inside, the first thing will be to choose the device where we want to do the data recovery. We can do it in the selection menu that we find in the upper part of the main program window. There we will select our camera.
So, we will basically have two options: either select a partition on the drive or choose none ( “No partition” ). The last option that will allow us to basically scan the entire device regardless of its partition distribution. Perhaps it is the best option if we have formatted the entire unit , in case we have simply deleted some photos, perhaps choosing the corresponding partition is more convenient.
Be that as it may, at the bottom we will choose the type of file system, where we will have to choose FAT / NTFS / HFS + / ReiserFS /… since it is the option corresponding to the file system that our camera will have. If you are doing this for a Linux partition and not for a memory card, you should choose the ext2 / ext3 / ext4 option.
We will continue choosing the directory in which we want to save the files to be recovered, within the disk of our computer or another auxiliary unit to which we are going to recover.
The next thing will be to see the type of files that we want to recover (click on File formats ) . This is quite an important part, because if you look at what we get in the program there are a huge amount of file extensions that we really don’t need to scan at all, and if we leave them all it is possible that the program will waste additional time looking for these files. So what we recommend, in the case of a camera, is that you choose only the extensions in which you save the images, such as JPG or RAW.
It should be noted that by clicking on the “Restart” button you can unmark all the elements and in “Restore” all those that were previously previously marked will be re-marked.
Well, now we can start the process of recovering our photos, which will surely last a fairly long period of time, so take it easy. Click on Search and you’re done.
Then the program will start with a very fast pass through the sectors of the unit, to go on to read all the sectors in search of files to recover. As we say, this can take a long time, especially depending on the storage space of the drive. So do n’t expect to be able to use it for several hours, you may even have to let it run at night. That is why perhaps it is convenient to connect the card through a reader and not through the camera itself, although it can still work out.
As files are recovered, you will have them available in the folder you have chosen, within the “recup_dir”. You will be able to see them, identifying if they are what you were looking for, and the truth is that in many cases you will be surprised with old photos that you did not expect to have there.
Personally PhotoRec has gotten me out of a lot of trouble, and I have managed to recover entire photo sessions after accidentally formatting the camera’s SD card. But on other occasions it has also failed me. I would say that it has worked for me ” half the time ” or even more.
What to do if I cannot retrieve the information?
Having passed a whole scan with PhotoRec, if you have not been able to recover the data it is very likely that it is already unrecoverable. And it is that this program performs a deep search of the data, so every bit of the storage device should be analyzed.
Nor should we rule out the possibility that the drive is damaged, especially if the information has not been erased voluntarily. Precisely, a corruption in the file system or in the device itself is not common, and if you have understood our explanation of how these systems work, you will understand that this problem can have catastrophic consequences that involve the direct loss of data. A good sign that this is happening is that the drive is read-only, files or folders are renaming meaninglessly, etc.
Deleting an image from the camera or even deleting all of them accidentally is something that can happen frequently. Then, methods to recover deleted photos become necessary . In particular, there are a large number of programs available that allow us to do so with a relatively high degree of success.
This is achieved thanks to the fact that, in reality, when we delete a file or perform a formatting, we are only eliminating the references to it, but we do not delete the information itself. This will remain in the storage unit until it is overwritten by another file, or photograph in this case.
Therefore, as soon as we detect that we have carried out an accidental deletion, we should stop using that storage unit (the SD card, or where the photos are) to avoid writing data on the deletion. So, we will connect the device to our PC and use a software. Our recommendation is definitely PhotoRec. It’s open source, works great, and does an in-depth scan.
We recommend reading our articles:
- How to know if a USB pendrive is fake
- SD card: all the information about its types and characteristics
- How to repair SD card
- The file is too large for the target file system
Of course, this is also a good opportunity to remember that it is very important to keep very safe what you want to keep and erase as best as possible what you don’t. When you do photo sessions, save them in another medium as soon as possible, to avoid any unforeseen events. If you frequently connect the camera to the PC to check something, take the opportunity to copy the photos, perhaps even in the cloud.
It is something that we have learned well on this website, with our high volume of reviews , because as much as there are possibilities of recovery it is something very tedious. In case you want the opposite, to lose track of an image from your camera, then it is best to resort to erasing methods that are as advanced as possible. We hope that this article has been helpful to you to achieve recovery, and if you have not succeeded, invite us to tell us about your specific case in our hardware forum .