In order to achieve the best possible operation of a computer system, the main thing is to have a good systems administrator, whose tasks include: documenting, configuring, monitoring, managing system hardware, installed applications, users, and closely monitoring the security in such a way that the system is not compromised, thus creating a reliable, safe and quiet work environment for employees.
Installing, patching, and even removing software packages on machines is undoubtedly one of the most common activities that a system administrator must perform, and this is where the RPM files or Red Hat Package Manager file come into play , which are very useful for storing and moving program packages. In this practical guide we will explain what these files are, what they are useful for and how to use them.
- What is the most common use for files with an .RPM extension?
- What characteristics are distinctive about .rpm files?
- What are the most relevant differences between .RPM and .DEB files?
- How can we open an .RPM file from a Linux PC?
- With a terminal
- With the command line
- Is it possible to open an .RPM file from an Android device?
- What programs can be used to convert .RPM files?
- RPM Package Manager
- RUN Paint
What is the most common use for files with an .RPM extension?
In the case of a file, its uses include storing installation packages in Linux operating systems, facilitating system updates, updating, installing, distributing and uninstalling some particular software since they are packaged in one place, in short, it is used for all relevant activities of a program, from finding it to giving it a personal touch and finally eliminating it if necessary. Regardless of the use of Linux for these types of files, the RealPlayer software also uses files with the RPM extension as add-on files, adding additional functions to the program.
What characteristics are distinctive about .rpm files?
They allow to update individual components of a system without reinstalling it completely and it is that having a new version of an operating system based on RPM we do not need to reinstall it on the computer as if it happens with other operating systems, rather it allows intelligent, automated and instant updates , is designed to perform powerful queries by searching the database of packages or files, even finding out which package a particular file belongs to or where it comes from.
Likewise, another of its most powerful features is its ability to verify very useful packages, especially if we are concerned about having deleted a file necessary for a package, we can verify it and we will be notified of any anomaly. It was created for the Linux operating system but currently works very well with Unix-like operating systems.
What are the most relevant differences between .RPM and .DEB files?
If we take the user’s point of view into account , there really isn’t much difference between them, as both RPM and DEB files are just archive files with a couple of attachments. Both have hard-coded installation paths and only very subtle details differ such as that DEB files are installation for Debian-based distributions, while RPMs are installation for Red Hat-based distributions.
Now, if we talk about relevant differences , we must say that although both are files designed to facilitate installation in different distributions, DEB files are used with Debian Package or dpkg, aptitude, apt-get while RPM files are only used with YUM. Another characteristic and important difference is that each RPM has a spec file detailing which version of the application will be installed and what other smaller applications are required for it to work, while the DEB file which also depends on a control file only provides a description of what you are going to install.
One last difference is that in the Debian world, it is a bit more accepted to carry patches in a package that has not yet been updated, unlike in the RPM world this does not look very good. However, even with these notable differences, both types of files have many things that are automated and that make it easier to store installation packages.
How can we open an .RPM file from a Linux PC?
The first thing to know is that the files cannot be used on Windows computers as well as Linux systems, however any decompression program can open one as they are simply files. Now, Linux users taking advantage of the package management system called RPM Package Manager if we can open these types of files. Here’s how.
With a terminal
Opening a file with an RPM extension from a computer such as Linux operating system with a terminal is very simple, the first thing we must do is open a terminal by pressing the Ctrl + Alt + T keys and then we will start typing the commands, remembering that each one must start with ‘rpm’ as the entry point. When writing the commands we must be very careful since this is a very tedious process and obtaining positive results will depend on entering the correct commands.
With the terminal open, we go to the folder containing the package we want to install, then when we finish we enter ‘ls’ to list and know where we are, assuming that the file containing the installation package is in the download folder; When listing, it should show us on the screen that we are indeed in that folder. Then we check the folder to verify that the package is there, for this we enter the command ‘cd Downloads /’ and there we can see the name of the file we want to install. Then we simply enter ‘rpm-i` (name of the package to install) and that’s it, it’s that easy.
With the command line
Although the above procedure is the simplest, in addition to opening an RPM file, there are codes that allow us to extract some file from file packages, delete among other very interesting functions. To do this we must follow the following procedure, enter the command ‘# rpm-Uvh Package.rpm’ to update an rmp file, ‘# rpm –ev package_name’ to remove it, ‘#rpm –ga’ to list all installed packages. If you want to extract an RPM file in Linux you can enter ‘$ mkdir pkgname’ or ‘$ cd pkgname’.
Is it possible to open an .RPM file from an Android device?
Files with the rpm extension are compatible with Linux operating systems and similar to Unix, but these two have a very different structure from Android, which has an ARM structure that is the most common in electronic devices, but it is well known that it is possible. install Linux on Android devices, but, we have not yet reached the point where all applications can work if it is possible to install some distributions like Ubuntu , Manjaro, Debian and some others. Since ‘Debian’ is very similar to Red Hat, it is possible that sooner than expected, we can open RPM files on our electronic devices with Android operating system.
What programs can be used to convert .RPM files?
If what we really want to do is convert our file with an RPM extension and not open it, here are some programs that can be especially useful when carrying out this action.
RPM Package Manager
It consists of an open source program very useful for managing Linux software packages and was developed on the basis of Linux Standard Base, with advantages such as easy installation and uninstallation of programs, automatic installation, ease of updating programs originally installed with RPM and the availability of versions for most Linux distributions make it one of the best package managers available to everyone. A program that will allow us to make the most of files with an RPM extension.
This is a RealNetworks media player used to download videos from the web for later playback . Available for Windows and Mac, it provides AVI, MOV, MP4 to MP3 video format conversion just for listening.
It is a very useful program when we want to convert files with an RPM extension, unlike the previous one that even allowed us to listen to music, this program is only designed for converting files. In general, it represents an excellent option that is also at our entire disposal.