We are all used to entering websites by entering their name in a bar and pressing enter. However, for many reasons that may not be possible, so today we show you how to enter a website with its IP address.
What is an IP address?
When you connect to a website, your computer must connect to a server (a very large computer) to receive the information. All this happens without you realizing it.
Now, for your computer to reach the server, it must know where it is located. Knowing your physical address, such as the street or the building, will not help you; you need to know your address in the digital world.
That address is the IP address , it is a group of numbers that identify a device within the internet. It is, in every rule, an address. However, we do not memorize that IP address, because: a) it is long and complicated , and b) it can change , even several times.
This is why each server has something called a domain. A domain is the name of the server , and it must be unique. And in order to get to the server, the computer must ask someone for the address of the server that has this name.
For example, if we want to watch YouTube videos , we simply enter the domain “https://www.youtube.com”. But the computer first has to ask what the IP address of that domain is, in order to get where it needs to go.
Large sites usually have different servers with different IPs for the same service, thus managing to divide the traffic into manageable blocks.
The IP you get will depend on the day and place from which you connect. Currently, the IP of Google services is 22.214.171.124. If this article is still recent, you should be able to go to google.com using that IP address in the search bar.
In order to find out which number corresponds to which name, the computer must ask someone, and that’s where the DNS comes in . DNS, or Domain Name System, for its acronym in English, is basically a system that allows you to consult the IP to which each domain name corresponds.
But sometimes, the DNS system may temporarily fail, or a website may be blocked by a higher authority by removing it from their DNS. Also, you may need to use the IP for technical reasons. For all this, it is important to know how to enter a website from its IP address.
How to know the IP of a website?
There are several ways to do this, and the one you choose will depend on your needs and the framework of circumstances. Here we present the 2 most used.
The easiest way to get the IP address is using the system console . In Windows, you can access it by pressing the Windows key (The bottom left key with the Windows symbol) and the R key at the same time, then typing “cmd” in the dialog box and pressing “enter.”
At the console, simply use the “ping” command . For them, type “ping ___” replacing the blank with the domain name, such as “youtube.com” or “google.com”.
Use a DNS lookup service
There are several services that allow you to find out information about websites . There are “whois” websites that allow you to find out everything from who registered the site and when to the company registered behind it.
However, today we will focus on a site that allows you to find out just the IP address, Get Site IP. To use it, simply enter the site and enter the domain name, such as “youtube.com” in the search bar, and press the “Enter” key.
Proxy or VPN, DNS settings
If you are accessing YouTube from work, school or another type of network that blocks access to YouTube, then using the IP will not help you. Keep in mind that trying to break these rules may be a violation of a contract, depending on where you are.
There are two settings you can learn to use: DNS and Proxy Settings. Also, you can install and configure a VPN that will take care of it for you. If you need to use these options, we invite you to find out how to use them.