Nectrine is an exotic fruit. Whose cultivation is now being started in India. Its fruit looks red like an apple. And its fruits taste like peaches and plums. In India, it is cultivated in cold regions. It is good to eat fresh fruits. Many types of nutritional elements are found in its fruits. Which are very good for human body. In addition to eating its fruits, jam, jelly, juice and dried are taken as canned. Its plants are normally found up to 20 feet in height.
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Cultivation of doctrine
Nectarin can be cultivated in both temperate and temperate climates. The winter season is most suitable for the ripening of its fruits. By the way, its plants grow well in normal season. It does not require much rain for its cultivation. Places with altitudes of 800 to 1600 meters are best suited for its cultivation.
If you too are planning to cultivate it, then today we are going to give you complete information about its cultivation.
Nectrine farming can be done in any kind of land. But for good growth of plants, it is more beneficial to grow it in sandy loam soil with proper drainage. They can also be grown by making proper drainage in waterlogged lands. PH of land for its cultivation Value must be around normal.
Climate and temperature
Both temperate and temperate climates are suitable for cultivation of Nectarine. Apart from cold regions, it can also be cultivated where the weather is not hot in summer and remains cold for a long time in winter. Its plants need more cold in winter. But frost in winter is harmful for its cultivation. During its cultivation, special care is taken of rain and height. The rains that occur during the blooming of flowers and fruit formation are not good for its cultivation.
Its plants require normal (between 20 and 25) temperature to grow in the beginning. After the plants grow, its plants grow well at minimum 10 in winter and maximum 28 degree temperature in summer.
There are quite advanced varieties of nectin. Those are grown on the basis of season to get more production. Some of its varieties are being grown in India right now. There are many varieties such as curred, snowquine, sungrand, sunlit, cherokee, anaquin, lat le grand, sunrise and sunrise. There are many varieties of this which are not found inside. The production of plants without kernels is found more. And it is better to eat its fruits in fresh form. And the varieties of fruits in which kernels are found, the fruits of those varieties can be dried and stored properly.
Once applied to the plants of Nectrine, they give yield for many years. Therefore, good preparation has to be done at the beginning of the field. Initially, during the preparation of the field for its cultivation, destroy the remnants of the old crops in the field and plow deep with plows that turn the soil of the field. After that leave the field open for a few days. A few days after leaving the field open, plow the field two to three diagonally. After that, run the rotavator in the field and destroy the slopes present in the soil. So that the soil of the field looks brittle. After making the soil brittle, make the field flat by planting it in the field. So that in the rainy season, the fields do not have to face problems like waterlogging.
Planting of Nectrine plants is done in the field to prepare pits. Therefore, after leveling the land, its pits are prepared in the line keeping proper distance in the field. During the preparation of its pits, a distance of 20 feet should be kept between each pits. And the distance between each line should also be around 18 to 20 feet. During the preparation of its pits, the width of each pits should be around two and a half fit and the depth should be around one and a half fit. These pits are prepared about one to two months before planting the plant.
Nectrine plants are prepared in nursery through both pens and seeds. Plants prepared through seeds start yielding after a long time. Therefore, its plant is prepared through a pen. The method of grafting and eyeglasses is used to prepare plants through pens. Plants prepared through pens start giving yield only after three to four years of transplanting. In nursery, its plants are prepared about a year before planting through pens.
Peach plants are used to prepare plants by grating method. For this, peach plants are grown in nursery. After which, when its plants become more than about two feet in length, then the top of the plant is cut and tied tightly with polythene by applying nectrine plants. Apart from this, its plants are also prepared by tying bundles. You can take more information about this from our article.
Plant planting method and time
Planting of nactrine plants is done by preparing another small pit in the middle of the pits prepared in the field. Small pits prepared before planting of its plants should be treated with appropriate amount of Bavistin. So that at the time of germination of plants, they do not get any kind of disease. After treating the pits, plants are planted in them. After planting the plants, put a small amount of soil around the stem and the roots should be pressed for two to three centimeters.
Planting of nactrine plants can be done in any season in general. However, it is best to plant its plants in spring season while cultivating as a crop. Apart from this, its plants can be planted easily in mid-December to mid-February.
Irrigation of plants
Nectrine plants have a general need for water. Early in the summer season, its plants should be watered at intervals of 10 to 15 days. While in winter season, plants should be watered after a month. Its plants do not need water during the rainy season. But if the rain does not occur on time and the plants start to see water shortage, then the plants should be irrigated in time. So that the plant can grow well.
When the plants of Nectarine appear completely as a tree, then they do not need much irrigation. Fully grown trees need only four to five irrigations a year. It should not be irrigated when the plants become flowers and the plants are in dormant state. Its plants remain dormant in the months of December to January. More irrigation of its plants should be done during the ripening of fruits.
Amount of fertilizer
There is a general need for fertilizer in nectrine plants. So that plants and fruits can grow well. Initially at the time of preparation of pits before planting of its plants, about 10 to 12 kg of organic manure should be mixed with old dung manure in the soil. It is best to use organic manure for its cultivation. But those farmers who want to use chemical fertilizer in addition to organic manure, initially they used NPK as 50 grams of chemical fertilizer. Add the quantity of it to the soil.
In the beginning, this amount of fertilizer should be given to the plants for two to three years. After that, this amount of fertilizer should be increased when the plant starts bearing fruit. After the age of 10 years, each tree gets about 15 to 20 kg of organic manure annually and about 200 grams of NPK. The amount should be given. Whereas 25 to 30 kg of organic and half kg of chemical fertilizer should be given annually to fully grown trees.
The roots of its trees spread over a considerable distance. For this reason, in order to fertilize its trees, first make a circular circle of half to one fit depth and one to one and half meter width, leaving a distance around two feet from the trunk of the tree. The amount of fertilizer mixed with soil in this circle should be given to the plants. The amount of fertilizer should be given to the plants of Nectarin about one to one and a half months before the flowering. Immediately after giving fertilizer, its trees should be irrigated.
Higher production can be achieved by taking good care of the plants of Nectrine. For this, its plants need to be looked after only after they are planted. After planting the plants, when the plant starts developing, do not allow any kind of branch to be born at the height of one meter on the stem of the plant. This makes the stem of the plant strong, and the shape of the plant also looks good.
After that, when the fruits start growing on the plant, then any unnecessary branches that appear on the plant should be cut and separated. Apart from this, the diseased and dried branches should also be cut and separated. This gives rise to new branches on the plant. Due to which there is a difference in the yield of plants. Pruning of its plants should be done after the harvesting of fruits, when the plants go into a dormant state.
Weed control in nactrine plants should be done in a natural way. During the natural weed control, after about one month of planting of its plants, remove the weed that appears in the roots of the plants and make the plants thick. After that, weeds that appear near the plants should be removed in an interval of about two to three months.
Apart from this, no crop of any kind has been grown on the land left in the field. And after the rain, when weeds start appearing in the field, then do light plowing of the field through power tiller or other equipment. So that the weeds born in the field are destroyed.
Nectin plants start yielding three to four years after transplanting. During this time, the farmer brother can grow several types of gardening, vegetable, spices or cereal crops in the vacant land left in his field and get yield from his farm. Due to which the farmer brother also gets yield from his land and he does not have to face any kind of financial troubles. While planting horticultural crops among its plants, keep in mind that only such plants should be planted in the field, which do not affect the roots of Nectrine plants. Because the roots of nactrin plants do not go deep into the ground.
Fruits come in very high quantity in the plants of Nectrine, due to which all fruits are not able to grow well. For this reason its fruits are pruned. Pruning of its fruits should be done in the beginning of the month of April or May after the fruit starts growing on the plant. During the pruning of the fruit, weak fruits should be removed, except for the lightly growing large fruits. This prevents the branches of the plant from breaking due to not being overweight. And the quality of fruits is good. The farmers whose market price is good.
Nectarine fruits are without stalk. For this reason, the harvesting of its fruits should be done carefully. Its fruits are ready for harvesting after about 5 to 6 months of blooming. The harvesting of its fruits is done around the month of June. During harvesting of the fruit, its ripe and lightly ripe fruits should be broken and collected carefully.
After chopping the fruits, they are pruned. In which it should be separated from its well ripened and less ripe fruits. Farmers can send lesser ripe fruits easily to greater distances. Whereas the well-ripened fruits can be sold in the nearest market by the farmer brothers. Due to which their fruits are saved from spoilage.
Yields and benefits
Nectin plants start bearing fruit after three years of transplanting. Its fruits look like apples. But the taste is similar to peaches and potatoes. Due to which people like this fruit a lot. The production of fruits from each of its plants begins to meet in full after about 10 years. Its fruits can be used by the farmer brother Taj and dry. The wholesale price of its fruits is found in the market around Rs 50 per kg. Due to which the farmer brothers earn a considerable amount. Apart from this, its dried fruits are also used as cane captives.