Apricot is cultivated as a cash crop. In India, it is also known as Chola. Kernels are found inside its fruits. Its fruit is considered to be of the species of peach and potato fever. Turkey is the most grown in the world. In India it is grown in the Himalayan foothills (Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Himachal). Its plant is of normal height.
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Apricot fruits are found yellow, white, black, pink and brown. The seeds found in its fruits are like almonds. Whose two to three seeds can be easily eaten by an adult person. But it is not good to feed children. Because there is a slow poison in it. Dried apricots can also be used as dry fruits. Juices, jams and jellies are made from its fresh fruits. Apart from this, chutney is also made from it.
It has good temperate and temperate climate for its cultivation. Its plants do not grow in the summer season. While developing easily during winter season. Its plants do not need much rain. It is not suitable for rain or excessive cold when the flowers are blooming. PH of land for its cultivation Value must be normal.
If you are also planning to cultivate it, then today we are going to give you complete information about its field.
Apricot cultivation requires deep fertile loam soil with proper drainage. Waterlogged hard lands are not suitable for its cultivation. PH of land for apricot cultivation Value must be around 7.
Climate and temperature
Places with altitudes of 1000 to 2000 meters above sea level are suitable for apricot cultivation. Its plants require both temperate and temperate climates to grow. But in temperate regions, where it is hot for long, it should not be grown there. Its plants cannot tolerate strong heat for long. Because this affects the function of function in plants. The winter season is suitable for its plants. But the frost that occurs during flowering of the plant over the centuries is harmful. Its plants need normal rainfall.
Normal temperatures are considered suitable for apricot cultivation. Its plants grow at low temperatures. But during the flowering of plants, the flowers get spoiled when the temperature is below 5 degrees. During the development of its fruits, they need a temperature around 7 degrees for 700 to 800 hours. On average, temperatures between 15 and 30 degrees are considered suitable for better growth of its fruits.
There are many advanced varieties of apricots. Which have been prepared to give higher yields at different timescales.
Plants of this variety of apricots are known to yield early. Plants of this variety start bearing fruit in early June. The fruits of this variety are round and of normal size. Whose outer color appears yellow with redness.
Gaurav Red Cheek Apricot
The fruits of this variety have a unique sweet taste. Its plants start yielding four years after planting in the field. After 15 years, the production is found to be 70 to 100 kg per tree. Its plants can tolerate the summer season for longer. Its fruits are suitable for storage.
This is a hybrid of apricots, which is prepared from the hybridization of cherry plum and American apricot. Its plants are of low height. Its plants are known to produce late fruits. Its fruits ripen till the month of August. The color of its fruit appears black. This variety of apricot is also used in making pickles.
The color of fruits of this type of apricot appears black from outside while the color of its anus appears red. Both fruits and plants of this variety are found to be more resistant to cold. Plants of this type start bearing fruits in July. Whose production is found to be normal.
This type of plant starts yielding in the fourth year of planting in the field. A fully grown tree can easily yield 100 to 125 kg per year. Plants of this variety give fruits till the month of July. The color of fruits of this variety appears yellow. Whose taste is sweet. Plants of this type can tolerate more cold.
Plants of this variety are known for yielding early. Its fruits are ripened and prepared in the month of June. A fully grown plant can yield up to 80 kg. The fruits of this variety are yellow for greenness. Its fruits have a sweet taste. Which can be used for fresh eating and drying.
Advanced black apricots
These are a hybrid of apricots. Its plants are found to be of normal height. Its fruits are not found according to its name. The color of its fruit appears red. Whose production is found more than the rest of the hybrid varieties. Diseases are rarely seen on plants of this variety. Plants of this variety are less resistant to cold.
This variety of apricots has been prepared for growing in the middle mountain regions. The fruits of which are cooked by the middle of June and are ready. The fruits of this variety are pale yellow to pink. Many mildew-related diseases are not applied to this type of plant.
Plants of this variety are known to yield in the middle time. The fruits of this variety are large in size. Whose production is found at 100 kg per plant. The color of its fruit appears pale yellow. Which are cooked and prepared in the month of July. Its fruits also have a sweet taste.
Apart from these, there are many other varieties. Which are grown in different places to get the best yields. These include varieties such as Nugget, Shakkarpara, Nati, Para Parola, Nari, Saint Ambrose, Rhyl, Alex and Vulcan.
Apricot plants are prepared by planting pits in the field. Before preparing the pits, the field is plowed to make the soil of the field friable. For this, in the beginning, clean the field and plow deep with the plows that turn the soil. After that, make the soil brittle by running a rotavator in the field. After making the soil brittle, put it in the field, so that the land appears flat. Due to which the fields do not have to face problems like waterlogging during the rainy season.
After leveling the land, pits are prepared in it. These pits are prepared in rows in the field. While preparing the pits in rows, each pits should have a space of between 5 to 6 meters. And there should be a distance of 5 meters between each line.
After the pits are ready, mix the appropriate amount of organic and chemical fertilizers in the soil and fill them in the pits. After filling the pits, give them deep irrigation. This makes the soil of the pits hard and hard. These pits should be prepared about three months before planting. After preparing the pits, cover them with casserole.
Apricot plants are prepared in the nursery for transplanting. Its pen is prepared by the method of seed, grafting, pen pressure and grouping. You can get more information about this article from our pen planting method.
Plants made from all these methods prepared with pen have the same properties as the main plant. But by preparing the pen with seed method, there is a decrease in the properties of the plants. Their seedlings are prepared in the nursery after rain or rainy season. Those are planted in the spring.
Apart from this, at present there are many such nurseries registered by the government, which give its seedlings to the farmer brothers in less rupees. Therefore, the farmer brother can also plant its plant from nursery. While buying its plant, farmer brother should keep in mind that there is no disease of any kind on the plant and the plant is one year old, and which is developing well.
Plant planting method and time
Apricot plants are planted in pits prepared in the field. For this, first prepare a small pit in the middle of the pits. After the pit is ready, treat it. Bavistin or cow urine can be used by the farmers to treat the pit. After treating the pit, we plant a plant prepared in the nursery or a plant purchased from the nursery. After planting the soil, put soil around it and cover the stem of the plant to a centimeter height from the ground surface.
Apricot plants can be planted from March to July, August. Where there is proper irrigation facility, farmers can plant it in the month of March. During this time the plant needs more care when it is planted. But where there is no proper system of irrigation, farmer brothers can apply it after the onset of rains in the month of June. Planting of the plant during this time gives it a suitable environment to grow. Therefore, the plant grows well during this period.
Irrigation of plants
Apricot plants have a general need for irrigation. But in the beginning plants need more irrigation. For this, plants should be watered four times a month in the summer season in the beginning. With this, plants grow well. The plants require less water during the winter season. For this, plants should be watered at intervals of 20 to 25 days in winter season. But during frost in winter, plants should be given water in small amounts in 8 to 10 days interval. This does not affect frost on the plant.
Its plants do not need water during the rainy season. But if the rains are not there on time, then the plants should be watered as per the requirement. By the way, it is considered better to irrigate with drip method (drip irrigation) of its plants. In this method, plants can be watered in appropriate amounts daily.
Amount of fertilizer
Apricot plants need fertilizer just like the plants of other horticultural crops. For this, at the time of preparation of pits, about 12 to 15 kg old dung manure and 400 to 500 grams NPK in each pit. Mix the quantity of soil and fill it in pits. This amount of fertilizer should be given to the plants till the plant grows fruit.
After that the amount of fertilizer should be increased along with the growth of the plant. When the plant starts giving fruit, give it fertilizer before it can bear fruit. So that fruits can be made well in plants. A fully prepared 15-year-old plant should be given about 30 kg of organic and two to three kg of chemical fertilizer throughout the year. The farmer brother wants to cultivate it in an organic way. They can use organic manure instead of chemical fertilizer given to plants.
To fertilize a fully grown plant, first make a circle two feet wide and half fit deep, keeping a distance of two to two and a half feet from the trunk of the tree. Put a quantity of fertilizer in this circle and make a small layer of soil on it. After that, irrigate the enclosure. With this, fertilizer is communicated well in the entire roots of the plant.
Weed control in apricot plants is done in a natural way. For this, after about one month of planting the plants, weeding should be done after removing the weeds that appear around the plant. Its plants require 7 to 8 seedlings in the beginning. But when its plants are fully prepared, then they need to be planted only three to four times a year.
Apart from this, if no crop of any kind has been planted on the land left in the field, then after the rainy season, when the land appears lightly dry then it should be plowed. Due to this, all kinds of weeds born after rain are destroyed.
Apricot plants need care from the beginning. For this, before planting the plants, they should be cordoned off to protect them from stray animals. Apart from this, after planting the plants, do not let any new branches take birth on them up to one meter in the beginning. With this, the stem of the plant grows well. When the apricot tree starts giving fruit, then after harvesting the fruit, in the winter season the plants should be pruned. During cutting mat, diseased, dry and unnecessary branches of the plant should be cut and removed. This creates new branches on the plant. Due to which, there is an increase in the yield of plants.
Apricots start yielding three to four years after planting in the field. During this time, the farmer brother can earn good income by growing spices, vegetables, medicinal and short-time gardening crops (papaya) in the land left in the field. With this, the farming brothers also get yield from their fields. And they do not even have to face any kind of financial problem.
Plant diseases and their prevention
Many types of diseases are seen in apricot plants. Which along with the plants cause considerable damage to its yield. By stopping at the appropriate time, plants and fruits can be saved from spoilage.
Apricot plant got disease
In apricot plants, monilial burn disease spreads over a long time due to waterlogging and high humidity. Due to this disease, the leaves of the plant start drying up. The entire plant is soon destroyed due to disease progression. Apart from this, dark black spots are formed on the fruits. To prevent this, diseased branches should be cut and removed. And do not let the condition of water filling in the field.
Gray rot disease in apricot plants is seen on plants at the time of function. In the beginning of this disease, dark black spots appear on the fruit. As the disease progresses, large spots of dark brown color appear on the fruit. And after a few days the diseased fruits begin to break down. During this time, if the diseased fruit comes in contact with the other fruit, then the other fruit also gets spoiled. Therefore, if it is not taken care at the right time, then this disease affects the yield to a great extent. To prevent this disease, plants should be sprayed with Bordeaux liquid mixture or quadrice claim. And diseased fruits should be broken and destroyed.
Indian Gypsy Moth
Indian Gypsy Moth is an insect disease. Sundi of this disease causes damage to its plants. Sundi of this disease damages the plant by eating the leaves and soft parts of the plant. For the prevention of this disease, proper amount of carbaryl claim should be sprinkled on the plants.
The disease of leaf blotches found in apricot plants is known in many places as Cherry leaf spot. Due to this disease, small dark brown spots are formed on the leaves of the plants. The effect of this disease on plants is seen in the end of May. For prevention of this disease, appropriate amount of phytosporin-M or fundazole should be sprayed on the plants.
It is an insect-borne disease found on apricot plants. The effect of this disease on apricot plants is visible immediately after winter. Pests of this disease affect the growth of the plant by sucking the juice of its leaf and its soft parts. The leaves of the plant start shrinking when this disease occurs. And after a few days she falls pale and falls down. To prevent this disease, appropriate amount of copper oxychloride and thiram should be sprayed on the trees.
Apricot plants start yielding after about three to four years of planting in the field. Functions on its plants begin in the month of April. After which the fruits of its various varieties ripen from June to August. Break its fruits one to two days before ripening. So that fruits can be easily transported to greater distances.
Its ripe fruits appear in different colors depending on different varieties. After cooking, they become very soft at first. During this, its fruits should be harvested. After that, depending on the quality of the fruits, they should be sorted and filled in a box and sent to the market to sell in the market.
Yields and benefits
Apricot plants give yield for about 50 to 60 years after planting once. On an average, around 80 kg of fruits can be obtained from a tree prepared in its various varieties in a year. Whose market price is found around Rs 100 per kg. While drying, it gives more value. According to which the farmer brother can earn up to 20 lakhs from one hectare at a time.