The artichoke, also known as artichoke, is a plant of African origin that is grown as food in temperate climates. Its botanical name is Cynara scolymus and belongs to the Asteraceae family. Despite the cold, winter is one of the seasons of the year that I like the most because I enjoy having a cup of hot chocolate sitting on the couch and watching TV when I return to work, as well as preparing a delicious meal with vegetables from Season for dinner. Artichokes are a delight that reminds me of my childhood, when my grandmother put them to macerate in a mixture of vinegar, oil, fresh parsley and chopped garlic. If you like them, then I will tell you how to plant artichokes in your urban garden .
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How to plant artichokes
The artichokes that are produced in the organic garden are much more robust and large. To plant artichokes at home , the first thing you have to consider is the weather. Daytime temperatures should be 24 ° C and nighttime temperatures of 13 ° C, since it is a winter crop. Avoid frost and temperatures that fall below 4 ° C, since the harvest may be damaged.
On the other hand, the soil is also an important point when planting artichokes because it has a deep root system. Although it can adapt to various types of soils, artichokes grow much better in those that are fertile, sandy and well drained. Avoid those with little moisture conservation, but simultaneously verify that the soil does not retain excess moisture, since the flooding is also not appropriate.
Before planting artichokes, it is important that you do work to aerate the soil. You can grow artichokes through seeds , seedlings or baby grandparents. In the first case, the harvest is annual and the fruits will be much more resistant. The process is very simple, since you only have to plant two or three artichoke seeds in the ground, every 2 cm, placing them in lines with a separation of 60 to 90 cm.
If you are going to plant the artichokes by little children , you will have to take them from the mother plants between February and March. Then, trim its leaves and roots and plant the little children in nurseries, in separate 10 cm lines.
Irrigation and harvest
Water the artichokes frequently during their growing period . The first thing you should do is water it during planting so that the water allows the plant to take root well. When the plant is in its maturity stage, you must water it continuously. As for the harvest, harvesting begins in October, arriving until May or June. In the first harvest you must collect 25% of the production and in the second one 75%.
Some indicators that artichokes are ready to be harvested are when the yolks have a characteristic green color, are well formed and look compact. When the yolks are very ripe, the bracts acquire a brownish color and, in addition, they are very hard, while the centers are hairy and have a color that varies from pink to purple.
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So that your artichokes look good, eliminate weeds and remove seedlings that have not taken root in the ground after planting irrigation. If you want to benefit from the development of the little children that accredit next year’s production, you will have to perform a pruning when the plant is starting to dry. Finally, this crop is susceptible to parasitic causes such as snails and aphids, but do not be discouraged, because in PlanetaGarden we have everything to combat them .