The flora and fauna of Tamaulipas is conditioned by the dry, humid and semi-warm climate it presents. In the flora species such as mesquite, huizache and tassel stand out. And in the fauna, the onca panther, the puma concolor and the parrot stand out, among others.
The state of Tamaulipas has four types of vegetation: the tropical forest, the mountain mesophyll forest, oak forests and xerophilous scrubs.
Flora of Tamaulipas
Its name comes from the Nahuatl language. It measures between 6 and 9 meters high. It belongs to the family of legumes and its flowering is yellow.
It belongs to the acacia family . It is a thorny bush 2 meters high.
Its flowers are yellow, type glomeruli, and are 5 millimeters long. Its flowering appears in groups of 2 or 3 units.
Anacahuita or Cordia boissieri is also known as wild olive. Its flowering occurs between spring and summer.
Its flowers are white with a yellow interior. They belong to the family of the Boraginaceae .
Also known as Chenopodium album , its flowers are very small and have five purple petals.
It belongs to the chenopodiaceae family . It grows upright and tends to deform after flowering.
This plant of the cactaceae type presents a small bloom commonly yellow and green in color, although flowers of various shades have also been observed.
They can tolerate temperatures from -5 to 40 ºC.
6- Agave americana
Native to Mexico, it is one of the most distributed ornamental plants in the world. Some of the varieties of mezcal, such as tequila, are extracted from its sap. Ancient indigenous people used this plant for medicinal purposes, something that has transcended current medicine, especially for the treatment of colon conditions.
7- elephant foot
It is only found in some eastern states of Mexico such as Veracruz, San Luis de Potosí and, of course, Tamaulipas. It is a tree of medium height (between 5 and 15 meters) that is characterized by its conical base, which gives rise to its name. It is a species that is in critical condition due to the degradation of its habitat.
1- Panther onca
The Onca Panther or Jaguar is the largest cat in America. Its natural habitat was located in the forested areas of Tamaulipas.
The few species that are still preserved in America are in a critical state of extinction threat. With his powerful bite, he chose large prey or turtles that he could drill without problem.
2- Puma concolor
The Puma concolor has shared the forested territory of Tamaulipas together with jaguars since ancient times. Their main prey was deer, also abundant in the area.
Their average weight is 75 kilograms, although they can weigh up to 120 kilograms. Its coat color is brown and its head is round with erect ears.
It is an endemic marsupial that eats insects and even some small birds. He has five fingers and toes that he uses with great skill.
Its tail is used to hold onto branches or climb. Its color is white with black sections.
4- Tamaulian turtle
Also called a parrot turtle, it weighs about 40 kilograms and is the smallest of the sea turtles.
They are in danger of extinction. Her favorite food is crabs and her favorite area to hatch her eggs is on the shores of Tamaulipas.
They measure 33 centimeters, their plumage is green with yellow, red, blue and white details on their head. They are usually seen flying in herds or in pairs at low altitudes.
They feed on fruits and seeds and nest in tree cavities. Its reproduction is in the month of March. It is estimated that only a little less than two thousand specimens remain free.
6- spiny iguana
Reptile very characteristic of the northeast of Mexico for its elongated scales and its brown and green tones. It is a protected species because its population has been decreasing since it is fashionable to use it as a pet.
7- southern flying squirrel
This mammal has greyish brown fur on top combined with darker flanks below. His eyes are large in proportion to his body, but his main feature is the hair membrane that allows him to glide as he stretches out like a parachute.