The flora and fauna of Aguascalientes , Mexico, is that corresponding to a semi-warm climate. Aguascalientes has valleys in which species like nopal, huizache and mesquite live. The fauna in the valleys is made up of wolves, coyotes and eagles, among other species.
In the mountain area the flora and fauna are different. There are forests of oak, poplar, cedar and pine. Animals include cougars, white-tailed deer, wild boar, eagles, wildcats, and squirrels.
Aguascalientes has registered 19 threatened species, 12 with special protection and the golden eagle at risk of extinction. Due to this scenario, the government is paying special attention to preserve the habitat. For this, the Sierra Fría conservation area has been created.
Flora of Aguascalientes
Much of the flora in this area is characterized by being used for natural medicinal preparations.
The white olive is one of the herbs that grow in the valleys of Aguascalientes. Its flowers have white petals, almost always five per flower. It has medicinal uses.
It is a grass up to 50 centimeters high. This plant gives a flower that can vary between pink and lilac, and it also has medicinal use.
This plant has varieties ranging from 50 centimeters to two meters in height. Its flowers vary according to the species: they can be yellow, purple or white.
It is a bush up to 3 meters high with yellow flowers. It is known by various names such as chamizo, jarilla del cerro or varal.
5- Espinosilla or huachichile
It is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters tall. The flowers cluster together with a red tubular corolla.
6- Flor de San Pedro
It is a bush up to 1.5 meters high. Its flowers are grouped in clusters, bell-shaped and bright yellow.
It is also known by the names of mucus of cone, eye of Saint Lucia or thunder.
Tree with a lot of symbology for Mexico, having in some cases the distinction of a monument. Also called sabino, it is scattered throughout different areas of the country, including Salto de los Salado, Aguascalientes. They are trees that last thousands of years, so there are still some that were known to ancient civilizations.
Fauna of Aguascalientes
1- Moctezuma’s Frog
The Moctezuma frog is an amphibian that enjoys special protection in Mexico, where it originates from.
Although it is not in danger of extinction, the concern is the contamination of the water courses in which it lives.
This frog is generally brown or gray with white spots, which is why it is known as Moctezuma’s leopard frog. It is medium size.
2- Wild turkey
This turkey, known as a common turkey or gallipavo, is native to Mexico and the United States. It is another of the species that receives special protection for its conservation.
3- White-tailed deer
It is a species of deer that lives from Canada to Mexico. It has the peculiarity of having a white spot around the tail.
In Aguascalientes it is also considered endangered, so it is given special treatment.
It is the only marsupial that is Mexican in origin. In Spain they are called possums.
It was the first mammal to cross the ocean on Spanish ships. It was hidden among the fruits that went in the cellars.
5- Royal eagle
This bird of prey lives in the mountainous area of Aguascalientes. It is also in serious danger of extinction.
It is considered a protected species. It is the symbol of Mexico and is represented on its flag.
6- Wild cat
Belonging to the lynx family, this species is about 60-65 cm long and can weigh up to 10-15 kg. It is distributed throughout North America and its most favorable habitat is semi-desert. It feeds on rabbits, hares, insects or small birds.
- «Fauna» in the Government Portal of Aguas Calientes. Recovered in November 2017 from the Aguas Calientes Government Portal at: aguascalientes.gob.mx
- “Flora and Fauna” in Cuentame Inegi. Recovered in November 2017 from Cuentame Inegi at: cuentame.inegi.org.mx
- “Vegetation and fauna of the State of Aguascalientes” in Para Todo México. Recovered in November 2017 from Para Todo México: paratodomexico.com
- “City of Aguascalientes” in Gnosis Quetzalcóatl Cultural Institute. Recovered in November 2017 from Gnosis Quetzalcóatl Cultural Institute at: samaelgnosis.net
- “Aguascalientes Biodiversity Study” in Biodiversity. Recovered in November 2017 from the Aguascalientes Biodiversity Study at: biodiversity.gob.mx
- «Medicinal plants of Aguascalientes» in Editorial Uaa (September 2015). Retrieved in November 2017 from Issu: issuu.com