One day Pak Ihsan and his fifth grade students invited them to gather together at the mosque in the school. On this occasion he as a teacher of Islamic religion, wanted to teach his students to learn about the books of Allah, who were revealed to the previous prophets and messengers.
Pak Ihsan explained to the children, that the name of the holy book is the revelation of Allah, which has been made into a book or book. The scripture itself is also revealed by God to the prophets and apostles that He has chosen.
The descent of this holy book is certainly a guide for mankind and contains various kinds of commands and various prohibitions to mankind. so that you are always given directions to the right path.
As Muslims, of course we are required to have faith in the books of Allah. Aside from being a manifestation of one of the pillars of faith. With faith in the books of God, it means that we believe that it was really Allah who sent down the book to the prophets and apostles whom he had sent, so that it was used as a handbook to achieve prosperity in the world or the hereafter.
Names of Scriptures Sent down by Allah to His Prophets and Apostles
Pak Ihsan also added to his students, that the scriptures revealed by Allah to His prophets and messengers were not just one, but more than that. Pak Ihsan added that the books of God that are mandatory in faith amounted to four books.
First , the Book of Zabur .
This book is a revelation of God revealed to the Prophet David ‘alaihis salaam . This book was revealed in Qibti. Also intended for the Children of Israel. The word ‘ Zabur’ is considered by some scholars to be the word ‘ psalm ‘, which means a collection of songs and prayers.
وَرَبُّكَ أَعۡلَمُ بِمَن فِي ٱلسَّمَٰوَٰتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضِۗ وَلَقَدۡ فَضَّلۡنَا بَعۡضَ ٱلنَّبِيِّۧنَ عَلَىٰ َََُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥُۥ
“And your Lord knows better who is in heaven and on earth. And verily We have exaggerated some of the prophets over some (others), and We gave Zabur to David “(Surah al-Israa (17): 55)
Second, the Law .
A holy book revealed to the Prophet Musa ‘ alaihis salaam is in Hebrew and contains instructions for himself and for the Children of Israel. In the Qur’an this explanation lies in the surah. al-Isra (17): 2
وَءَاتَيۡنَا مُوسَى ٱلۡكِتَٰبَ وَجَعَلۡنَٰهُ هُدٗى لِّبَنِيٓ إِسۡرَٰٓءِيلَ أَلَّا تَتَّخِذُواْ مِن دُونِي وَكٗ
“And We gave to Moses the book (the Torah) and We made the Torah the instruction for the Children of Israel (with Kalam):” Do not take helpers besides me ”
Also consider: Learning to Know and Understand God’s Obligatory Nature
Third, the Scriptures .
This holy book of the Gospel was revealed to the prophet Jesus ‘ alaihis salaam . The word gospel is derived from Greek which means good news or good news. This book is intended for the Children of Israel. This Gospel is intended for the prophet Jesus ‘ alaihis salaam , to justify the teachings of the Torah which have been distorted a lot.
The description of the Gospels above, as explained in the QS. al-Maidah (5): 46 in the following:
وقفينا على ءاثرهم بعيسى ٱبن مريم مصدقا لما بين يديه من ٱلتورىة وءاتينه ٱلإنجيل فيه هدى ونور ومصدقا لما بين يديه من ٱلتورىة وهدى وموعظة للمتقين
“And we set their footsteps (the prophet of the Children of Israel) with Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the previous book, namely: the Torah. And We have given him the Bible is in it (there is) guidance and and light (which illuminates), and justifies the previous book, the Law. And become instructions and teachings for those who fear Allah ”
Fourth, the Qur’an .
This book was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam (peace be upon him). This book is intended for the Prophet Muhammad, together with his followers and the people who lived until the end of time.
The book of the Qur’an also perfects (read: The Book of the Qur’an as the Last Holy Book ) of the books that were revealed earlier (Zabur, Torah and Gospel). So that it contains more instructions aimed at humanity so that they can live safely, happily and prosperously, both in the world and in the hereafter.
In the Book of the Qur’an itself contains information that the book will be maintained the contents and authenticity until the end of time, as explained in Surat al-Hijr (15) verse 9 below:
إِنَّا نَحۡنُ نَزَّلۡنَا ٱلذِّكۡرَ وَإِنَّا لَهُۥ لَحَٰفِظُونَ
“Indeed, we are the one who revealed the Qur’an, and in fact we really maintain it”
Truncated Meeting …
Not yet finished explaining in full to his students, Pak Ihsan was suddenly summoned by his Principal to attend a teacher meeting, hearing the news that finally Mr. Ihsan gave an errand which was still related to God’s books.
Because the material presented was incomplete, Mr. Ihsan reminded his students of the fifth grade, so that tomorrow’s meeting, if they forget to continue the material about the book of the Koran, there are students who reminded him. Because there are important chapters that must be explained.
Listening to Mr. Ihsan’s explanation, his students also agreed to his teacher’s proposal, and tried to understand once more about the material that had been delivered by Pak Ihsan earlier so that it was easy to do his homework .