Applied linguistics is one of the interesting field of linguistics that investigate real life languages issues with the help of theoretical and scientific understanding of language.
Understanding the term .
In the West, the term Applied linguistics, is used primarily to refer to the theory and practice of teaching foreign languages. For example, the institute in Dublin called Sc School of Applied Languages is actually a foreign language institute.
Problems of Applied Linguistics:
In the start of 1920, the language problems were being reduced to optimize the functions of language and understanding of text. For example, they see language in the sense of functionalism.
The difference between communicative function and cognitive function of language is, function language system appears as a way to store and transfer of knowledge. Cognitive function refers to the area of the life of language, which is related to human thinking and perception of reality.
From a functional point of view, applied linguistics can be defined as an academic discipline, which specifically studied and developed ways to optimize the functioning of various spheres of the language system.
To optimize the social function of language is significant research in the field of sociolinguistics (in particular, research and study of language policy), spelling and a pronunciation, the impact theory, political linguistics.
Methods for Applied Linguistics:
A variety of methods of applied linguistics is applied to the variety of specific areas of scientific knowledge of language: each individual applied discipline has its own unique set of methods. However, you can select something in common, which is characteristic for the methods applied linguistics in general. This general part is clearly visible when comparing the methodological tools of descriptive, theoretical and applied linguistics.
Applied Linguistics has a widespread cognitive setting, ironically called “Hocus Pocus” ( “engineering approach”). This plant as a core value puts no knowledge of “how things are in reality” and solves a particular problem in a particular case . This, however, does not mean that the results of applied research are of no value to the theory of language.
The special role of linguistics in solving practical problems and needs of society is determined by the very essence of natural human language, which is a unique tool for storing and transmitting information.
You must know about Areas of Applied Linguistics.
Usually, there are the following areas related to language learning:
- lexicography– theory and practice of compiling dictionaries;
- Linguistics SPECIAL– the science of the development of techniques of foreign language teaching;
- Terminology– the science of streamlining and standardizing the scientific and technical terminology;
- Translation– Translation Theory
- Quantitative linguistics(the study of the frequency properties of language units and their relationship with other properties such as phonetic complexity, morphological complexity, ambiguity, age).
The main directions of applied linguistics, related to practical applications:
- Computational linguistics(computational linguistics)
- Linguistic expertise(for example, in the jurisprudence)
- Political Linguistics(analysis of political discourse)