The term “Women Empowerment” refers to empowering women with education, employment, decision making and better health in view of an equal and just society. Women’s empowerment is the process of enjoying a good social status to make women financially independent, educated and progressive.
For decades women have struggled to be recognized socially and professionally as equivalent to men. Many incidents occur in a woman’s personal and professional life, where her abilities are underestimated than those of a man; He has an adverse effect on all personalities and hinders his growth.
Essay on women empowerment (100 words)
The ability of women in decision-making, education, and profession-making has been largely suppressed since ages, considering them inferior to men. The situation is worst in underdeveloped and developing nations where women in a family are not allowed to make financial decisions or to decide on matters about their education.
With the state of such cases, it would be a downfall to dream about the goals of sustainable development and gender equality. There is an urgent need to lift women’s social, personal and professional status shoulder to shoulder with men. These special measures constitute a process, known as “women’s empowerment”. Providing better education and employment opportunities to women, ensuring their better health, providing justice and professional equality are some of the ways of women empowerment.
Essay on women empowerment (150 words)
As per the provisions of the Constitution of India, providing equality to women in society is a legal point in all spheres, just like men. The Department of Women and Child Development does a good job in this area for the proper development of women and children in India.
Women have been given a top position in India since ancient times, although they were not empowered to participate in all fields. They need to be strong, aware and alert every moment for their growth and development. Empowering women is the main objective of the development department because a strong mother with a child creates a bright future for any nation.
There are several devising strategies and initiatives initiated by the Government of India to bring women into the mainstream of development. Women constitute half of the population of the entire country and every region needs to be independent for the overall development of women and children.
Essay on women empowerment (200 words)
India is a very famous country known for its cultural heritage, traditions, civilization, religion and geographical features since ancient times. On the other hand, it is also popular as a male conservative nation. Women are given first priority in India, although on the other hand they are treated badly in family and society.
They were confined only to household chores or considered the responsibility of household and family members. They were kept completely ignorant of their rights and their own development. People of India used to call this country “Bharat-Mata”, but never understood its true meaning. Bharat-Mata means the mother of every Indian whom we have to save and maintain.
Women constitute half the power of the country, so women empowerment is very necessary to make this country a fully powerful country. It is empowering women to understand their rights to be independent in every field for their proper development and development.
Women give birth to a child, they mean the future of the nation. Therefore, they can participate better in creating bright future of the nation through proper development and development of children. Women need to be empowered rather than fall prey to male rudeness.
Essay on women empowerment (250 words)
With the slogan of women empowerment, the question arises that “women are really strong” and “long-term struggle is over”. Several programs have been implemented and run by the government to bring awareness about the real rights and value of women in the development of the nation, such as International Women’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc. Women need to move forward in every field.
There is a high level of gender inequality in India where women are taken ill by their family members and outsiders. The percentage of illiterate population in India is mostly covered by women. The real meaning of women empowerment is to educate them well and leave them independent so that they are able to make their decisions in any field.
Women in India are always subjected to honor killing and never given their basic rights to proper education and freedom. They are victims who face violence and abuse in a male dominated country. According to the Women’s Empowerment Mission (NMEW) launched by the Government of India, the move has made some improvements in the 2011 census.
The ratio of both female sex and female literacy has increased. According to the Global Gender Gap Index, there is a need to take some advance steps to improve the status of women in society through proper health, higher education and economic participation in India. Women empowerment needs to take full direction in the right direction rather than being in a newborn state.
Essay on women empowerment (300 words)
The most famous saying said by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru is “To awaken people, it must awaken women.” Once she moves forward, the family moves, the village moves, the nation moves. ” In India, to empower women, one needs to first kill all the demons who have killed the rights and values of women in society such as dowry, illiteracy, sexual harassment, inequality, female feticide, domestic violence against women , Rape, prostitution, illegal trafficking and other issues.
Gender discrimination in the nation brings cultural, social, economic and educational differences that push the country back. The most effective way to kill such devils is to empower women by ensuring the right to equality mentioned in the Constitution of India.
Giving priority to gender equality promotes women empowerment across the country. It should be promoted in every family since childhood to achieve the high level goal of women empowerment. It should make women physically, mentally and socially strong.
Since better education can be started at home from childhood, upliftment of women requires a healthy family for the overall development of the nation. In many backward areas still, there is a tendency for early marriage and childbirth due to poverty, insecurity and illiteracy of parents. To empower women, various steps have been taken by the government to prevent violence against women, social segregation, gender discrimination and abuse.
The 108th Constitutional Amendment Bill (also known as the Women’s Reservation Bill) was passed to reserve one third of the seats in the Lok Sabha only for women so that they could be actively involved in every field. In other areas also, women’s seats have been reserved for their active participation without any limitation and competition.
There is a need to carry out various mass campaigns in backward rural areas to make them aware of the real values of women and all the facilities available by the government for their bright future. To make the dream of women empowerment come true, they need to be promoted for the survival and proper education of the female child.
Essay on women empowerment (400 words)
Gender inequality is the main social issue in India with women coming back to the male-dominated country. Women’s empowerment needs to take a higher pace to equalize the value of both sexes in this country. In all ways, upliftment of women should be the highest priority of the nation.
Inequalities between men and women in society create a lot of problems which become a major obstacle in the way of the success of the nation. It is the birth right of women to give equal value to men in society. To truly bring about empowerment, every woman needs to be aware of her rights from her own end.
They only need to take positive steps and be involved in every activity rather than engaging in household chores and family responsibilities. They should know about all the happenings around them and in the country.
Women empowerment has the power to change many things in society and the country. They are much better than men for dealing with certain problems in society. They can better understand the loss of migrants to their family and country. They are fully capable of handling the economic conditions of the family and the country through proper family planning. Women are more capable of handling any impulsive violence than men in the family or society.
Through female empowerment, it may be possible to transform a male dominated country into a country dominated by a rich economy. Empowering women can help each member of the family develop easily without any extra effort. A woman is considered responsible for everything in the family so that she can solve all problems better from her end. Empowerment of women will automatically bring empowerment of all.
Women’s empowerment is the best cure for any major or minor problem involving human being, economy or environment. In the last few years, the benefits of women empowerment are coming to us. Women are becoming more aware of their health, education, career, job and responsibilities towards family, society and country. They are participating in every field and showing their great interest in each field. Finally, after a long hard struggle, they are getting their rights to move on the right path.
Essay on women empowerment (800 words)
Women’s empowerment can be defined in very simple terms that it is making women powerful so that they can make their own decisions about their life and well being in family and society. It empowers women to enable them to achieve their real rights in society.
Why we need women empowerment in India
As we all know that India is a male dominated country where every area is dominated by men and women are considered responsible only for the care of the family and stay at home with many other restrictions. About 50% of the population in India is covered only by women, so the entire development of the country means half the population depends on women, who are not empowered and are still banned by many social taboo.
In such a situation, we cannot say that our country will develop in the future without empowering half its population, that is, without women. If we want to make our country a developed country, firstly it is very important to empower women through the efforts of men, government, laws and women.
Since ancient times, the need for female empowerment arose due to gender discrimination and male domination in Indian society. Women are being pressurized by their family members and society for various reasons. They have been targeted for a variety of violence and discriminatory practices by male members in family and society in India and other countries.
Wrong and outdated practices for women in society since ancient times have taken the form of well-developed customs and traditions. There is a tradition of worshiping many female goddesses in India, in which women in society are given respect to mother, sister, daughter, wife and other female relatives or friends.
But, this does not mean that only by respecting or honoring women can the development needs in the country be fulfilled. It needs empowerment of half of the country’s population at every stage of life.
India is a famous country which symbolizes unity and diversity ‘proves the common saying, where Indian society has many religious beliefs. Women have been given a special place in every religion which is acting as a big veil covering the eyes of people and as a role model from the age of many ill practices (including physical and mental) Helps in continuity.
In ancient Indian society, the practice of sati, civil bride system, dowry, sexual violence, domestic violence, female feticide, pardon, burning of wife, sexual harassment at work place, child marriage, child labor, devadashi was the custom. All such malpractices are due to the complex and patriarchal system of male superiority of the society.
Socio-political rights (right to work, right to education, right to decide themselves, etc.) were completely restricted by male members of the family to women. Some maliciousness against women has been abolished by open minds and great Indian people who raise voice for discriminatory practices against women.
Through the continuous efforts of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the British were forced to abolish the practice of Sati. Later, other famous social reformers of India (Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Acharya Vinoba Bhave, Swami Vivekananda, etc.) had also raised their voices and worked hard for the upliftment of women in Indian society. In India, the Widow Remarriage Act, 1856 was started with the continuous efforts of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar to improve the condition of widows in the country.
In recent years, various constitutional and legal rights have been enacted by the Government of India to end discrimination and gender discrimination against women. However, to resolve such a big issue, it requires constant effort from everyone including women.
Women are becoming more aware of the rights of modern society as a result of which many self-help groups, NGOs etc. working in this direction are increasing. Women are being pushed forward with an open mind and by breaking social barriers to achieve their rights in all dimensions even after the crimes are committed simultaneously.
Some Acts passed by Parliament Equal Remuneration Act, 1976, Dowry Prohibition Act-1961, Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act-1956, Prevention of Pregnancy Act-1971 Medical Termination, Maternity Benefit Act-1961, Sati Commission (Prevention) Act-1987, Child The Prevention of Marriage Act-2016, Pre-conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Abuse) Act-1994, Sexual Harassment of Women at Work (Prevention, Protection Shn and Act) -2016, etc. To empower women with legal rights.
To provide protection to women in India and reduce crime against women, the government has enacted another Act Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2015 (especially after the Nirbhaya case when an accused juvenile was released ) has passed on. The Act replaces the first Juvenile Delinquency Act of 2000 (Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000) to reduce the age of 18 to 16 in cases of heinous crimes.
To truly bring about women empowerment in Indian society, the main reason for misdeeds against women with patriarchal and male dominated system of society has to be understood and eliminated. It needs to change the old mind set against women with an open mind and with constitutional and other legal provisions.
Essay on women empowerment (1600 words)
Women’s empowerment is an important topic of discussion mainly in underdeveloped and developing nations. They have recently realized that the development they aspire for cannot be achieved until we achieve gender equality by empowering their women.
Economic empowerment of women refers to their right to control economic decisions, income, property and other equivalents; Improvement in their economic as well as social status.
What is women empowerment?
Women’s empowerment means promoting women in their social and economic development, providing them equal opportunities for employment, education, economic development and allowing them to socialize; The freedoms and rights that were previously denied. It is a process that empowers women to know that they too can achieve their aspirations as men of society and help them to do so.
The need for women empowerment in India
The status of Indian women has declined from ancient times to the medieval period. Although Indian women have held important political and administrative positions in the modern era; Still, most rural women, by contrast, are confined to their homes and do not even have access to basic health facilities and education.
Female literacy rate in India lags behind male literacy rate by a significant proportion. The literacy rate for males in India is 81.3% and that of females is 60.6%. Many Indian girls do not have access to school and even if they do, they drop out during the early years. Only 29% of Indian young women have received ten or more education.
The low education rate among women has kept them away from the main workforce, resulting in their social and economic decline. Women in urban areas are well employed compared to their village counterparts; About 30% of the employees in the Indian software industry constitute women. In contrast, about 90% of rural women are employed as daily wage laborers, mainly in agriculture and allied sectors.
Another factor that brings the need for women empowerment in India is inequality. Women in India are not being paid at par with their male counterparts in various fields. According to one study, women in India with similar experience and qualifications are paid 20% less than male counterparts with similar credentials.
As it is just a few days away from entering the new year 2019, India is full of hope and aspirations like never before and it is about to win back its tag of the world’s fastest growing economy. We will certainly achieve this soon, but can maintain it, if we overcome the barriers of gender inequality; To provide equal opportunities for employment, development and wages to our men and women alike.
Barriers to women empowerment in India:
Indian society is a complex society with various customs, customs, beliefs and traditions. Sometimes these centuries old beliefs and customs are the most important barriers to the empowerment of women in India. Some of the important barriers to women empowerment in India are explained below-
Many societies in India, in view of their conservative beliefs and age-old traditions, prevent women from getting out of the house. In such societies women are not allowed to go out for education or for employment and are forced to live a separate and uninhabited life. Women living under such conditions become accustomed to being inferior to men and unable to change their current social and economic status.
2) workplace sexual harassment
Workplace sexual harassment is the most significant barrier to women’s empowerment in India. The private sector such as hospitality industry, software industry, educational institutions and hospitals are the worst affected. It is an expression of deeply rooted male supremacy in society. Sexual harassment at the workplace of women in India has increased by almost 170% in the last few decades.
3) gender discrimination
Most women in India still face gender discrimination at work as well as in society. Many societies do not allow women to go out for employment or education. They are not allowed to make independent decisions for work or for the family, and men are treated lowly. Such discrimination of women is contrary to their socio-economic decline and “women’s empowerment”.
4) pay disparity
In India, women are paid less than their male counterparts. The situation is worst in unorganized sectors where women are employed as daily wage laborers. Women working the same hours and doing similar work are paid less than men, which means unequal powers between men and women. Even women who are employed in organized sectors are paid less than their male counterparts with equivalent qualifications and experience.
Female illiteracy and their high declining rates are one of the major barriers to women’s empowerment in India. Girls in urban India are at par with boys in terms of education, but they have lagged far behind in rural areas. The effective literacy rate of females is 64.6%, while that of males is 80.9%. Among Indian girls who go to school, they drop out in the initial years without passing 10th standard.
6) Child Marriage
However, India has successfully reduced child marriage through several laws and initiatives taken by the government over the last few decades; Still a report by UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund) in early 2018 stated that around 1.5 million girls in India get married before they turn 18. Early marriage reduces the growth prospects of girls who are soon moving towards adulthood.
7) Crime against women
Indian women have been subjected to domestic violence and other crimes such as dowry, honor killing, trafficking etc. It is strange that women in urban areas are more prone to criminal assault than women in rural areas. Even in big cities, working women, for fear of their modesty and life, delay in using public transport. Women’s empowerment can only be achieved truly when we ensure the safety of our women, giving them the freedom to roam free and without fear as men do in society.
8) Female infant disease
Female empowerment or sex selective abortion is also one of the major barriers to women empowerment in India. Female feticide means identifying the fetus’s gender and miscarrying her when she reveals to be a woman; Often without the mother’s consent. Female feticide has led to a high male-female sex ratio in the states of Haryana and Jammu and Kashmir. Our claims on women empowerment will not be confirmed until we eradicate female feticide or sex selective abortion.
Role of government in women empowerment in India:
The Government of India has implemented several programs for women empowerment. Many of these programs are for providing employment, education, health to the people. These programs have been specifically incorporated keeping in mind the needs and conditions of Indian women, so as to ensure their participation. Some of these programs are – MNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme), Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Janani Suraksha Yojana (Reducing Maternal Mortality Rate) etc.
The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India has implemented several new schemes specifically aimed at empowering Indian women. Some of those important schemes are given below-
1) Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana
The plan also focuses on female feticide and girl education. It also aims to change people’s mindset towards a girl, provide financial support and by strict enforcement of laws and acts.
2) Women’s Helpline Scheme
The scheme aims to provide a 24-hour emergency assistance helpline for women who are subjected to any form of violence or crime. The scheme provides a universal emergency number -181 for women in distress. This number also provides information about schemes related to women in the country.
3) Ujjwala Scheme
A scheme aimed at rescuing women affected by trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation and their rehabilitation and welfare.
4) Training and employment program support for women (STEP)
The objective of the STEP scheme is to provide skills to women, so that they can get employment as well as self-employment. Various sectors like agriculture, horticulture, handloom, tailoring and fisheries etc. come under this scheme.
5) Mahila Shakti Kendra
The plan focuses on empowering rural women through community participation. Community volunteers like students, professionals etc. will teach rural women about their rights and welfare schemes.
6) Reservation for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions
In 2009 the Union Cabinet of the Government of India implemented 50% reservation for women in Panchayati Raj institutions. Its main objective is to improve the social status of women in rural India. Several other states, including Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh, have a majority of women as heads of gram panchayats.
As India is progressing to become the world’s fastest growing economy in the near future, it should also focus on ‘women empowerment’. We must understand that women empowerment is a process that hopes to bring gender equality and a balanced economy.
Indian women are presidents, prime ministers, civil servants, doctors, lawyers, etc., but most of them still need assistance. The path of socio-economic development of India goes through the socio-economic development of its women folk.