India is a democratic country where its citizens live independently but they have many rights and responsibilities towards their country. Rights and responsibilities are two sides of a coin and both sides run side by side. If we have rights, we should also have their responsibilities. Rights and responsibilities are with us where we live in home, society, village, state or country.
Essay on rights and duties of citizens (100 words)
A citizen is a person who lives as a resident in any village or city in the state and country. We are all citizens of our country and have different rights and responsibilities towards our village, city, society, state and country. The rights and duties of every citizen are very valuable and inter-related.
Every state or country confers on its citizens certain fundamental civil rights such as personal rights, religious rights, social rights, moral rights, economic rights and political rights. As citizens of the country, we need to always fulfill our duties ethically and legally together.
We should love and respect each other and live with no difference. We hope to make sacrifices from time to time to protect our country.
Citizens living in the country should know their rights and responsibilities. Understanding all the rules and regulation presented by the government can help every citizen to fulfill their responsibilities towards the country. We must understand our own welfare and freedom in the country as well as our rights for the communities and the country.
The Constitution of India (called the supreme law of India) came into force on 26 January 1950 which gave democratic rights to the Indian citizen. According to the Indian Constitution , the people of India have various rights and responsibilities.
Indian citizens have about six fundamental rights without which no one can live in a democratic way. Meaning, democracy can work in the country only when it has the rights of its citizens. Such rights prevent the government from being dictatorial and cruel.
Fundamental rights help people in their moral, material and personality development. In case of violation of one’s rights, courts can protect and protect them. There are also some fundamental responsibilities for the peace and prosperity of the country.
Fundamental rights of Indian citizens are given to them for basic and necessary conditions of good life for their progress. Without such rights no Indian citizen can develop his personality and self-confidence. These fundamental rights are protected in the Indian Constitution.
Fundamental rights are protected and guaranteed to the citizens by fundamental rights whereas common rights are protected by common law. The fundamental rights of citizens are not violent in the ordinary state, although in certain reasonable circumstances they can be suspended but temporarily.
According to the Indian Constitution, six fundamental rights are the right to equality (Article 14 – Article 18), Right to religion (Article 25 – Article 28), Right against exploitation (Article 23 – Article 24), Right to Culture and Education (Article 29) – Article 30), Right to Freedom (Article 19 – Article 22), and Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32).
Citizens living anywhere in the country enjoy their fundamental rights. He / she can go to court for legal assistance if his / her rights are violated by force. There are also various responsibilities for good citizens that everyone should follow in order to improve the environment and achieve inner peace.
The discharge of responsibilities towards the country gives a sense of ownership to the country. As a good citizen of the country, we should not waste electricity, water, natural resources, public property etc., we should follow all rules and laws as well as pay tax on time.
Fundamental rights given to Indian citizens are an essential part of the Constitution. Such fundamental rights can be changed by Parliament using special procedure. No person, other than an Indian citizen, is allowed to enjoy such rights other than the right to freedom, life and personal property.
Except for the right to life and personal liberty other fundamental rights may be suspended at the time of emergency. If a citizen is found to be in violation of his / her rights then he / she can go to court (Supreme Court and High Court) for enforcement.
Some fundamental rights are positive or negative in nature and always outperform common laws. Some fundamental rights such as freedom of speech, assembly, cultural rights and educational rights are limited to citizens only.
After its introduction in 1950, no fundamental duties were preserved in the Constitution of India. However, ten fundamental duties (covered by Article 51A) were added to the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1976. The following are the fundamental responsibilities of Indian citizens:
- Indian citizens should honor their national flag and national anthem.
- They should respect, value and uphold all the noble ideals used in the national struggle for independence.
- They have to protect the power, unity and integrity of the country.
- They protect the country and maintain a sense of common brotherhood.
- They should protect and preserve cultural heritage sites.
- They have to protect, conserve and improve the natural environment.
- They should protect public property.
- They should develop a scientific temperament and a sense of inquiry.
- They must work hard to achieve excellence in each field of individual and collective activity.
The fundamental duties of Indian citizens are mentioned in the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1976. All responsibilities are very important and necessary for the vital interests of the country. They can be civil duties or moral duties which are not legally enforced by the citizens even by the courts.
One cannot be punished if he is not performing his duties, as there is no legal force governing these duties. The fundamental duty (right to equality, right to freedom, right against exploitation, right to freedom of religion, cultural and educational right and right to constitutional remedies) is an integral part of Indian constitution which has moral impact and educational value on Indian citizens.
It is important to include such responsibilities in the Constitution for the progress, peace and prosperity of the country. Some of the fundamental responsibilities mentioned in the Constitution of India are like respect for the national flag, national anthem, citizens should protect their country, commit to provide national service whenever needed, protect public property, etc. Such rights and responsibilities are very important for the national interest of the country even though the people have not been enforced forcefully. .
To fully enjoy rights, people must carry out their responsibilities towards the country well as rights and responsibilities are related to each other. As we get rights, our responsibilities towards personal and social welfare also increase. Both are not separable and important in relation to the prosperity of the country.
As a good citizen of the country, we have to know and learn all our rights and duties for the welfare of our society and country. We need to understand that we are all responsible for the good or bad state of society. We need to turn our thinking into action to bring some positive impact in our society and country.
If a personal action taken by a person can change a life; Why not, our collaborative actions have a positive impact on society and the country. Therefore, the duty of the citizens means a lot for the prosperity and peace of the society and the entire country.
fundamental rights and duties essay in hindi (400 words)
As we are a social animal, we have a lot of responsibilities for development and at the same time bring prosperity and peace to society and country. In order to fulfill our responsibilities, we have given some rights by the Constitution of India. Rights are very essential for citizens to improve their personal development and social life.
The country’s democratic system is completely based on the freedom of its citizens to enjoy their rights. The rights given by our constitution are called fundamental rights which cannot be withdrawn from us in normal times. Our Constitution gives us six rights like:
Right to Freedom: It is very important fundamental right that enables people to express their thoughts and ideas through speech, writing or other means. According to this right, any person is free to criticize, criticize or speak out against government policies. He is free to do any business in any corner of the country.
Right to freedom of religion: There are many states in the country where people of different religions live together. Each of us is free to like, promote and follow any religion. No one has the right to interfere with anyone’s faith.
Right to Equality: Citizens living in India are equal and there is no difference and discrimination between rich and poor or high and low. A person of any religion, caste, creed, sex or place can attain the highest rank for which he has the qualifications and necessary qualifications.
Right to education and culture: Every child has the right to education and can get education in any institution up to any level.
Right against exploitation: No one has the right to force anyone to work without wages or against his will or against children under 14 years of age.
Right to Constitutional Remedies: This is the most important which protects all fundamental rights. If anyone feels that his rights are being harmed under any circumstances, he can approach the court to seek justice.
As we know, both duty and authority go hand in hand. Without duties our rights are meaningless and thus both are inseparable. We do not have the right to benefit from rights if we do not perform our duties properly for the country to run smoothly.
As citizens of the country, our responsibilities and duties are:
- We should honor the national flag and the national anthem.
- We should respect and obey the laws of our country.
- We should enjoy the rights and freedoms under the border without interference of freedom and rights of others.
- We should be ready to protect our country whenever needed.
- We should respect and protect national property and public property (such as railways, post offices, bridges, roadways, schools, colleges, historic buildings, places, forests, etc.).
- We must pay our taxes on time with honesty.