Agriculture is considered one of the most important economic activities. This includes producing plants, livestock, fiber, fuel and more using natural resources such as water and land. The term agriculture is broader than it is usually estimated to be. This includes forestry, fisheries, livestock and most importantly crop production.
Essay on the importance of agriculture (100 words)
Agriculture is basically the cultivation of plants for the production of food, fuel, fiber, medicines and many other things which have become a necessity for mankind. Breeding of animals is also included in agriculture. The development of agriculture changed as a boon for human civilization as it also paved the way for their development.
Agriculture is called arts, science and commerce all at the same time because it tolerates the factors involved in all three.
It is called an art because it involves the growth, development and management of crops and animal husbandry. To achieve good results in this field requires patience and dedication and only one who achieves this art can achieve it.
Knowledge of breeding and genetics is employed to come up with new advanced methods of agriculture. Many inventions and discoveries are being made in the field. It is ever evolving and thus qualified as a science.
Agriculture supports the economy like any other sector and thus undoubtedly falls into this category as well.
About two-thirds of the Indian population is directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture, it is considered as the basis of economic development of the country. It is not just a means of livelihood in India but a way of life.
Essay on the importance of agriculture in India (300 words)
The word agriculture comes from the Latin word agar which means farm and kalpura meaning farming. Agriculture basically involves the cultivation and production of crops and livestock products.
The history of agriculture goes back many centuries. It began in various parts of the world independently, about 105,000 years ago, mostly for the purpose of eating or collecting wild grains. Various countries were involved in this activity like this:
- In Mesopotamia, pigs were domesticated about 15,000 years ago. He began domesticating the sheep almost 2000 years later.
- In China, rice farming was done about 13,500 years ago. He eventually started cultivating soy, azuki beans and moong.
- In Turkey, cattle were domesticated 10,500 years ago. Beans, potatoes, coca, llama and alfaca were domesticated about 10,000 years ago. Sugarcane and some native vegetables were cultivated in New Guinea about 9,000 years ago.
- Cotton was domesticated in Peru about 5,600 years ago. Similarly, various plants and animals have been dominating in many other parts of the country for thousands of years.
Impact of modern technology on agriculture:
Developments in science and technology led to the use of modern technologies in agriculture. While this has contributed greatly to the development of the agricultural sector, the field of modern technology has also had some negative results. Here is the effect:
- The use of fertilizers and pesticides as well as the use of technologically advanced equipment for the cultivation of crops has led to a huge increase in yields.
- However it has also been the cause of ecological damage and negatively affects human health.
- The use of selective breeding and other modern practices in animal husbandry has increased the supply of meat, although it has raised concerns about animal welfare.
Like every other sector, the agricultural sector too has developed over the centuries and its development has led to some positive and negative results in the society.
Essay on Agriculture (400 words)
Agriculture is a huge subject. This includes production of crops, animal husbandry, soil science, horticulture, dairy science, extension education, chemistry, agrochemicals, agricultural engineering, agricultural economics, plant pathology and botany. These subjects are taught in various universities around the world to train people from the region.
Different types of farming
Let’s take a look at how the agricultural sector is broadly classified in our country:
Farming is the most widely practiced technique in India. Under this type of farming, farmers grow grains for their own as well as for sale purposes.
This type of agriculture focuses on high yield with the aim of exporting it to other countries to generate profit. Some of the commercially grown crops in the country include cotton, wheat and sugarcane.
This type of farming is done predominantly by tribal groups to grow native crops. They clear most of the forest area and grow crops there.
It is more common in developed countries. However, it is also prevalent in some parts of India. It focuses on the use of machinery to grow and grow crops.
intensive farming :
This is a common practice in densely populated areas of the country. It focuses on increasing the maximum production of land by employing various techniques. In terms of money, a good amount of investment and large labor force is required for this.
This type of agriculture involves the cultivation of crops that require a good amount of time and time to grow. Some of these crops include tea, rubber, coffee, cocoa, coconut, fruits and spices. It is mostly practiced in the states of Assam, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Kerala.
Cultivation on wet land:
Areas that receive heavy rainfall are well irrigated and are suitable for cultivation of crops such as jute, rice and sugarcane.
Dry land farming:
It is practiced in desert areas such as central and northwest India. Some crops grown in such areas are millet, jowar and gram. This is because these crops require less water for development.
With the advancement in technology, agriculture has come a long way. It is not just limited to growing crops and rearing cattle. It covers many other subjects and anyone who is willing to go into agriculture can choose to specialize in one.
Essay on the importance of agricultural life (500 words)
Agriculture basically involves the cultivation of crops and the domination of animals for the purpose of producing food and other things necessary for mankind. While it has been practiced for centuries, it has evolved over time and has become one of the major factors in the development of our country’s economy.
importance of agriculture
Here’s a look at the importance of agriculture:
Major source of food:
It is often said that the food we make is a gift of agricultural activities that take place in the country. The country has seen a time of acute food shortages before independence but the problem was resolved in 1969 with the advent of green revolution in agriculture.
Major contributors to national income:
Statistics show that national income from primary agricultural activities was around 59% in the years 1950–51. Although it has finally come down and reached almost 24% a decade ago, the agricultural sector in India is still one of the major contributors to national income.
Development of Industrial Area:
Agriculture plays a major role in the development of the industrial sector by providing raw materials. Industries like cotton textiles, sugar, jute, oil, rubber and tobacco are mainly dependent on the agricultural sector.
The agricultural sector provides many employment opportunities as a large labor force is required for the smooth conduct of various agricultural activities. This not only opens up a vast area of direct employment opportunities, but is also indirect. For example, there is a need to move agricultural products from one place to another and hence it supports the transport sector.
Boost in foreign trade:
Foreign trade depends mainly on agriculture. Agricultural exports constitute a good 70% of total exports. India is an exporter of tea, tobacco, cotton textiles, jute products, sugar, spices and many other agricultural products.
Generation of government revenue:
Excise duties on agricultural-based commodities, land revenue and taxes on the sale of agricultural machinery make a good source of government revenue.
Creation of capital:
The surplus income generated from agricultural activities can very well be invested in banks for capital formation.
Agriculture: A Dangerous Activity
Although the agricultural sector is very important for the country, we cannot deny the fact that it is a dangerous industry. Farmers worldwide have a high risk of work-related injuries. One of the common causes of agricultural injuries are tractor rollovers and other motor and machinery related accidents.
Due to the nature of their jobs, they suffer from skin diseases, lung infections, noise-induced hearing problems, sun as well as certain types of cancer. Those exposed to pesticides can have serious illnesses and children with birth defects.
It has been said that, agriculture plays an important role in the development of human civilization. As in Booker T. Washington said, “No nation can prosper unless it learns that it has as much dignity as plowing a field and writing a poem” so the agricultural sector is an integral part of the country.
Essay on Agriculture (600 words)
Agriculture is an area which has been in operation for thousands of years. It has evolved over the years with the use of new tools and techniques of farming and domination. It is an area which has not only seen immense growth, but has also been the reason for the development of various other areas.
Advancement and Development of Agriculture Sector:
India is a country which is largely dependent on the agricultural sector. Agriculture in India is not only a means of livelihood but a way of life. The government is constantly making efforts to develop this area. Let us know how this area has evolved over time.
Although agriculture has been practiced in India for centuries, it remained underdeveloped for a long time. We were unable to produce enough food for our people and foreign exports were out of the question. On the contrary, we had to buy grain from other countries.
This was because agriculture in India depended on the monsoon. In this case, when there was enough rainfall, fertilization of the crops was done properly and when there was not enough rainfall of the crops and just most of the country was hit by famine.
However, things changed over time. After independence, the government planned to reform the region. Dams were built, tube wells and pump-sets were installed, better quality seeds, fertilizers were provided, and new technologies were put to work. Things began to improve with the use of technologically advanced equipment, good irrigation facilities and specialized area knowledge. We soon started producing excessively and later started exporting food grains and various agricultural products.
Our agricultural sector is now stronger than many countries. India ranks first in peanut and tea production and second in production of sugarcane, rice, jute and oil worldwide. However, we still have a long way to go and the government is making efforts in this direction.
Negative Consequences of Agriculture on Environment:
As much as it has helped in the development of human civilization and the economy of the country, agriculture has had some negative impacts on the people and the environment involved as well as the environment. Here are the negative consequences of agriculture on the environment:
- Agriculture has led to deforestation. In order to cultivate crops many forests are cut to turn into fields. The negative effects of deforestation and the need to control it are not hidden from anyone.
- Many of you may not be aware that creating natural watersheds from rivers and draining water for irrigation of fields is a natural disaster.
- Runoff from farms to rivers and other water bodies results in water becoming poisonous due to excessive nutrient use and pesticides. Upper soil subsidence and groundwater contamination are some of the other issues that have given way to agricultural activities.
Thus agriculture has affected soil and water resources negatively and has a major impact on the environment. Agriculture is also considered a dangerous occupation.
People involved in farming are constantly in contact with various chemical based fertilizers and pesticides and their frequent use can lead to many health hazards such as skin diseases, lung infections and some other serious diseases.
Although agriculture has given much to our society, it comes with its own negative effects that cannot be ignored.
While the government is doing a lot to bring growth and development in the region, it should also take measures to deal with the negative impact on the environment and the people involved in the sector.