The environment is made up of biotic and abiotic factors as fundamental elements for human life. Mainly living beings are an essential part of the environment and natural ecosystems. The diversity of animal and plant species that exist in nature are related and interact with each other with the conditions of their environmental environment.
A discipline or science that studies the different characteristics of biodiversity and the environment is necessary. In addition, the transformations that these have produced due to the environmental impact of human activity. It is important that science dedicated to the study of all living beings, the relationship between them with the environment and human beings.
For this reason, ecology emerges as a very important multidisciplinary science for the planet, nature and the environment. Since ecology means the study of home, that science that is responsible for the relationships and interactions of all living beings with their habitat, ecosystem and natural environment. Ecology studies the relationship between biotic factors such as bacteria, microorganism, animals, plants, society, among others and abiotic factors such as sun, wind, weather, temperature, light, energy, water, air, heat and other physical aspects of environment .. Likewise, the interactions between humanity and its environmental environment.
Therefore, the ecological one studies and deals with:
- The biodiversity of living beings (plants, animals, microorganisms, fungi, bacteria, among others.)
- Individual species in relation to their environment.
- Describe the animal and plant groups that exist on the planet and interact with each other.
- The origin or evolution of the species.
- The interrelationships between populations, communities, habitats, ecosystems and natural environments.
- The characteristics of planet earth, environment and nature.
- The balance of nature, ecosystems, society and the environment.
On the other hand, the main disciplines of ecology are:
- The ecological economy
- The microbial ecology.
- The biogeography
- Conservation biology.
- The urban ecology.
- The ecology of recreation.
- The ecology of the landscape.
- The regional ecology.
- Ecology of communities and populations.
- Human ecology
Among other disciplines that are related to the study of living beings, natural resources, the earth and the environment.
Ecology plays a fundamental role in the degradation and deterioration of the environment, where this through the scientific study of living beings with their environment, allows to achieve an ecological balance, between human beings, biodiversity and nature. Ecology not only investigates the evolution and relationship that exists between the diversity of species on the planet with its natural environments, but also promotes the care, maintenance, protection and conservation of the entire socio-environmental environment.
The term ecology should not be confused with the environment, since most use it as a synonym, both are related because they encourage the care and valuation of natural resources as an integral part of the environment, but the latter is all that surrounds the environment. humanity and living beings. Ecology includes both the study of biological diversity and its relationship with the socio-environmental environment.